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HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)

HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)

[ Generic Ingredients for HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) Treatment ]

The report says that around 1.1 million populations in the US are living with HIV today. 15% of those are unaware that they are infected with HIV. It equals the ratio as 1 in the 7 people. It is estimated by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention that in 2016, 38,700 people are reported as newly infected with HIV. From the data given by the trusted source, annual numbers of diagnoses of HIV are stable from 2012 to 2016. The major risk group of the infection is gay or bisexual. At the end of the year 2015, it was estimated that 1,122,900 adults and adolescents were living with HIV. The infection is increased in the age group of 25 to 34 years and among females, whereas stable among males.

HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Our body’s natural defense system i.e. immune system is attacked by a virus called HIV. It destroys white blood cells in the system called T-helper cells and makes duplicate copies of itself inside the cells. T-helper cells also referred to as CD4 cells. Due to the formation of new copies of HIV and destruction of WBCs, the immune system gets weaker. Hence, the person with HIV needs to take antiretroviral treatment, so that he/she can fight with the infections.

Causes of HIV

The virus transmits through bodily fluids like blood, anal fluids, semen, breast milk, and vaginal infections.

In the United States it is observed that the main causes of transmit of fluids are mentioned below:

Vaginal or anal intercourse with a person who is infected with HIV without using a condom or another contraceptive, sharing equipment for injectable drugs, steroids, and hormones with a person with HIV, a pregnant woman with HIV might transfer the disease to her child during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding.

There are some risk factors which can cause you to progress your infection and lead to AIDS. The factors are mentioned here, age of a person, the capability of the immune system to fight against HIV, high quality and sanitary healthcare, drug-resistant strains of HIV, other infections, and genetic inheritance.

Diagnosis of HIV

  • HIV mainly enters into the bloodstream. The doctor will ask you to test your blood for HIV. If that specific test results positive, it means you have detected with HIV antibody in your bloodstream
  • If you are diagnosed at an early stage then you have more chances of successful treatment. Home testing kits are also available in the market
  • To confirm the diagnosis, the doctor will ask you to perform re-test within a few weeks, it might be necessary for definitive diagnosis

Symptoms of HIV

Some people show no symptoms even after contracting the virus. Severe symptoms can occur in case people with infections like from other bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. Around 80% of people with HIV develop symptoms at an early stage. These are similar to flu and it is known as an acute retroviral syndrome.

The symptoms are such as, fever, chills, joint pain, muscle aches, sore throat, sweats particularly at night, enlarged glands, a red rash, tiredness, weakness, unintentional weight loss, and thrush.

After acute retroviral syndrome if the infection is untreated, then the person enters stage 3 HIV infection i.e. AIDS. It weakens the immune system to fight infection. The person causes serious illness and becomes vulnerable.

At this stage infected person shows some symptoms such as, dry cough, permanent tiredness, swollen glands lasting for weeks, unintentional weight loss, shortness of breath, or dyspnea, white spots on the tongue or mouth, diarrhea, which is usually persistent or chronic, blurred vision, night sweats, and a fever of over 100°F (37°C) lasting for weeks.

Treatment for HIV

HIV cannot be cured but, treatment can stop the progress of the condition. To improve your life with HIV, there are some medicinal drugs that can help. Some of the best drugs which can control infection of HIV are mentioned below:

Efavirenz is a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor that controls HIV infection. It decreases the amount of HIV in the body to work the immune system better and lower chances of HIV complications such as new infections, cancer and improves quality of life. Efavirenz does not cure HIV infection but decreases the risk of spreading HIV disease to others. A top brand like Sustiva uses Efavirenz as an active ingredient in their products. The medicine is available in the dosages Efavirenz 200 mg and Efavirenz 600 mg and packed as 30 tablets per blister. You have to maintain your dosages as prescribed by the doctor. Perform medical tests such as liver tests, viral load, T-cell counts, and cholesterol & triglyceride levels. Always use an effective barrier method i.e. latex or polyurethane condoms/dental dams during all sexual activity while treating with Efavirenz. Do not share personal items such as needles/syringes, toothbrushes, and razors. Avoid alcoholic beverages and drugs like marijuana. It might make you dizzy, do not drive or operate machinery after consuming Efavirenz.