According to the trusted report, nearly 795,000 people suffer from Stroke in the U.S. and 140,000 people died i.e. one out of every 20 deaths causes due to Stroke.
When supply of blood is cut off from the part of your brain it causes Stroke. Mostly Stroke causes due to clotting or blocking the flow of the blood. This type of stroke is known as, Ischemic strokes, which is very common. When stroke causes due to bleeding in the brain it is called as hemorrhagic strokes. Family history of Stroke and older age might trigger the condition. Experts said that 80% strokes can be prevented.
Causes of Stroke
Causes can be differentiated on the basis of type of Stroke you are experienced. Following are causes according to the types of Stroke.
Ischaemic strokes: When blood clot blocks the flow of blood and oxygen to the brain.
Clotting of the blood cause due to following:
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol levels
- Excessive alcohol intake
- Irregular heartbeat known as atrial fibrillation.
Haemorrhagic strokes: Bursting of blood vessels in the skull and bleeding into and around the brain, caused mainly due to high blood pressure. High blood pressure weakens the arteries in the brain.
Following are some main factors causes’ high blood pressure:
- Drinking excessive alcohol
- Lack of exercise
Diagnosis of Stroke prevention
To exact diagnosis of the Stroke there are some tests you need to perform as mentioned below:
- Physical tests: The doctor will check you up physically before other tests
- Imaging: Different imaging tests will be done to clear the doubts about stroke
- Blood test: This test is to detect cholesterol and blood sugar level in the body
- Heartbeats tests: This test is to check irregular heartbeats
- Blood pressure: Blood pressure affects majorly on the stroke, so this test is performed compulsorily
- Brain scans: This test id perform to check abnormalities in the brain, like blocked artery or burst blood vessels
- CT scan: It is use to take CT images of the blood vessels, which carry blood to the brain
- MRI scan: It gives the detail picture of inside the body, affected areas of the stroke can be identified
- Swallow tests: It is a simple test, perform to check whether food or drink may stick into the windpipe or lungs. Due to this chest infections can be occurred like pneumonia
- Carotid ultrasound: It is use to check neck arteries, if there is a blockage or narrowing of the arteries
- Ultrasound: This test might be performed if needed to check other possible causes of the condition
- Echocardiography: It gives image of the heart
- Transoesophageal echocardiography: It is an alternative test for Echocardiography
Symptoms of Stroke
Symptoms of Stroke can vary person to person, but some common symptoms are remembered as word FAST as mentioned below:
- Face: Dropping of the face on one side
- Arms: Unable to lift a arms and weakness in arms
- Speech: Difficulty while speaking, slurred speech
- Time: If you observed any symptoms regarding stroke it is time to call the doctor
Other signs and symptoms may include:
- Complete paralysis of 1 side of the body
- Sudden loss or blurring of vision
- Difficulty understanding
- problems with balance and co-ordination
- Difficulty swallowing
- Sudden and very severe headache
- Loss of consciousness
Treatment for Stroke
Clopidogrel Bisulfate is an active component approved to be used in a popular brand medicine Plavix. This medication has been manufacturing by the trusted pharmaceutical company, Bristol-Myers Squibb-Sanofi. It inhibits the ability of platelets to clump together as part of a blood clot. It also prevents blood clots by irreversibly binding to the receptor on platelets that prevents adenosine diphosphate from activating platelets. It belongs to a class of drugs called P2Y12 inhibitors.
Aggrenox is one of the popular medicines sued to prevent strokes. Dipyridamole-Acetylsalicylic Acid is a combination of two active ingredients used in this medicine which is manufactured by Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, a well-known pharmaceutical company. It is a combination of salicylates and phosphodiesterase inhibitors. This Dipyridamole / Acetylsalicylic Acid works by decreasing substances in the body those cause pain, fever, and inflammation. It keeps platelets in the blood from sticking together to form clots.