Active Ingredient: Active component in the medication is Glipizide. This ingredient is a sulfonylurea drug with hypoglycemic activity. This active agent metabolized in the liver and the metabolites, as well as the unchanged form, are excreted in the urine. It is indicated for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. It acts as an insulin secretagogue.
Indications: This medication is approved with a proper diet and exercise program to control high blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes. It also prevents kidney damage, blindness, nerve problems, loss of limbs, and sexual function problems by controlling high glucose levels in the blood. Proper control of the condition may also reduce the risk of a heart attack or stroke. Glucotrol is a sulfonylureas drug that lowers blood sugar by inducing the production of natural insulin in the body.
Action Mechanism: Given medication Glucotrol belongs to the sulfonylurea class of drugs. Insulin is a hormone that is produced in the pancreas. It gets released into the blood that removes sugar from the blood and reduces the formation of glucose by the liver. People with type 2 diabetes have high glucose levels in their blood since the cells in their bodies are resistant to the glucose-removing effect of the insulin. In the condition, the pancreas fails to produce insulin that is necessary to overcome the resistance. This medicine decreases the blood glucose by stimulating the pancreas to make more insulin.
Dosages: This mentioned drug is available in a dosage as follows:
- 5 mg: It must be taken 30 minutes before breakfast or the first meal of the day as advised by the doctor, usually once a day
This drug may induce blurred vision, dizziness, or drowsiness due to extremely low or high blood sugar. Avoid driving, using machinery, or doing any activity that requires alertness or clear vision.