What Are The 4 Stages Of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease, characterized by inflammation, pain, stiffness, and swelling in the joints.

It is an inflammatory disorder that primarily affects the joints. In this condition, the body’s immune system begins to attack the tissues and their functions.

As a result, the lining of the membranes surrounding the joints gets damaged, contributing to inflammation.

The damage will occur to bone, cartilage, and other structures related to the joint. RA is a progressive condition that can result in joint deformity, loss of function, and disability over time.

Stages of rheumatoid arthritis (RA)

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic condition that progresses through different stages. The experience can vary from one individual to another. Here are the four stages of RA:

Stage 1: Early stage or Preclinical RA

Early-stage rheumatoid arthritis (RA), also called pre-RA or preclinical inflammatory arthritis, refers to a stage of the disease before the onset of clinically clear symptoms.

Since this is the beginning phase of the disease, individuals may not yet experience the characteristic symptoms of RA, such as joint pain, swelling, or stiffness.

During this stage, therewon’t be significant damage, but the beginning of inflammation of the cartilage of the joints can progress.

Moreover, individuals may develop this disease due to both genetic predisposition and environmental factors like obesity, infections, smoking, etc.

Early detection of RA during this stage may help delay its progression or even prevent RA from developing by implementing preventative strategies.

Stage 2: Established RA

With the progression of the disease to the next stage, joint inflammation becomes more prominent. This can contribute to the damage of multiple joints, especially those present in the hands and feet.

Symptoms like joint pain, swelling, redness, warmth, and stiffnessbecome more severe. Stiffness can lead to inactivity, particularly in the morning, as the person struggles to do movements, for periods of around half an hour.

The joint damage is irreversible, contributing to joint deformity, and erosion of bone and cartilage. As a result, the person may face difficulties in performing the day-to-day activities, and their overall physical function gets impacted.

The treatment includes the management of the symptoms by reducing the inflammation, pain, and swelling, and preventing its rapid progression.

Stage 3: Moderate to severe RA

At Stage 3, the disease has progressed beyond the established stage, making it even more pronounced. During this stage, asignificant impact can be seen in daily functioning and quality of life.

Moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the stage of the disease where joint pain, inflammation, structural damage, and other symptoms become more severe.

In this stage, the symptoms become more pronounced and persistent, which can lead to disability or potentiate its risk.

This stage requiresserious and aggressive treatment approaches, as the disease has progressed too far. It is easy to manage it at this stage.

Healthcare providers will follow strategic treatment approaches, conduct regular monitoring, and call the patient for routine checkups. They may recommend medications, with a combination of physical therapy, occupational therapy, and necessary lifestyle changes.

Stage 4: Advanced or End-stage RA

The last stage, Advanced or end-stage rheumatoid arthritis (RA) refers to the most severe stage. When a person reaches this stage, the disease takes a debilitating form, where the damage is already done too much.

This stage signifies severe and extensive damage to the joint, functional impairment, and disability. The quality of life is significantly impacted.

When this stage is reached, individuals may experience unbearable pain, deformity, and loss of joint function.

Such severe symptoms make daily activities challenging, and they cannot even move without assistance. They often require support or accommodations for mobility and self-care.

Aggressive treatment and regular monitoring are essential for preventing any further damage and slowing down the progression. The patient also needs palliative care to manage the condition.

Ways to prevent rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is influenced by a combination of genetic predisposition and environmental factors. It cannot be prevented completely, but with the help of some strategies, one can reduce the risk of developing it.

Here are some strategies to lower the risk of RA or delay its onset:

Maintain a healthy weight

Obese and overweight individuals are more likely to develop this disease. It is necessary to maintain a healthy weight with a balanced diet and regular physical activity.

Eat a balanced diet

Include foods like fruits, vegetables, whole grains, omega-3 fatty acids, and lean proteins, in your diet. Such foods can reduce inflammation and support joint health. Avoid consuming junk and processed foods.

Exercise regularly

Regular physical activity will keep you fit and avoid unnecessary weight gain. It helps improve your joint health, flexibility, muscle strength, and overall health.

Avoid smoking and alcohol

Such substances can increase your exposure to the disease. It is necessary to avoid using them.

Manage stress

Stress can have a detrimental impact on your overall health and well-being. Manage stress levels by implementing some stress-reduction techniques like yoga, meditation, deep breathing exercises, therapy, etc.

 

What Does Skin Cancer Look Like

Skin cancer can appear in various forms, depending on its type. Several factors that influence its appearance include individual characteristics, skin type, and sun exposure history.

Changes in the skin may not necessarily indicate that the person has skin cancer. But there are some common signs and symptoms that hint towards skin cancer. 

Types and signs of skin cancer

The skin may change when the person has developed some type of cancer, related to the skin. Some signs may help determine whether the person may have skin cancer.

Some general characteristics of the most common types of skin cancer are as follows:

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC)

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common type of skin cancer. It is highly treatable when diagnosed early stages.

It primarily affects the basal cells that are present lower layers of the epidermis, which is the outermost layer of the skin.

The likelihood of developing this type of cancer is typically high in areas of the skin that get easily exposed to the sun.

These areas include the face, neck, ears, scalp, and shoulders. However, it may occur anywhere on the body.

Appearance of Basal cell carcinoma(BCC)

A person with Basal cell carcinoma develops a pearly or waxy bump on their skin surface. The bump may appear pink, red, flesh-colored, or translucent.

The affected area may look flat, scaly, or slightly raised, which makes it resemble a stubborn scar or sore that does not heal.

The area is prone to easy bleeding. It may even crust over or form a scab, or develop into an ulcer.

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)

After Basal cell carcinoma(BCC), Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the second most common type of skin cancer.

The cancer arises in the squamous cells, which are found in the upper layers of the outer layers of the skin, known as the epidermis.

Similar to BCC, SCC also develops in areas of the skin that get regularly exposed to the sun.

The skin areas susceptible to this type of cancer are the face, ears, neck, scalp, arms, and hands.

However, it can affect any part of the body, which may include mucous membranes and even internal organs.

Appearance of Squamous cell carcinoma(SCC)

The cumulative exposure of skin to UV rays contributes to this type of cancer. The person with SCC develops symptoms like a firm, red nodule or a flat, scaly lesion with a formation of cruston the skin.

The affected area may resemble a wart, an open sore, or a persistent, non-healing ulcer. The area may be tender to the touch and the patch can grow rapidly over time.

Melanoma

Melanoma is a type of skin cancer that develops in melanocytes, which are the pigment-producing cells found in the skin.

These cells give color to the skin. This cancer can appear on the skin surfaces that are most exposed to the sun.

Although it can occur in any part of the body, it can commonly appear in the parts where melanocytes are found, which include, the eyes, mucous membranes, and even internal organs.

Compared to the other types of skin cancers, such as basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC),melanoma is less common.

Early detection and timely treatment will prevent the risk of spreading cancer to other body parts.

Appearance of melanoma

Melanoma appears like a new mole or an existing mole that varies in size or diameter, color, shape, or texture. The mole may have an irregular shape and an asymmetrical border.

The area may resemble a dark spot, slightly raised above the surface, looking like an irregular patch on the skin.

The melanoma may appear different in color, such as shades of black, brown, blue, or red, within the same lesion.

Seek expert guidance

If you develop some unusual bump or lesions on your skin and suspect that it may be some type of skin cancer, then you must immediately see a healthcare provider.

Not all types of skin-related issues indicate skin cancer, but when it becomes bothersome, it is better to get tested. The earlier you get it diagnosed, the easier will be the treatment and recovery.

It is necessary to get regular skin self-examination and seek medical attention promptly in case you notice any concerning variations on your skin.

Talk to your healthcare provider, preferably a dermatologist for proper diagnosis and management. Additionally, individuals who are predisposed to the risk of skin cancer need to be more careful and receive immediate medical attention.

How Bad Is Lymphoma Cancer

Lymphoma is a type of blood cancer that impacts the lymphatic system, which is part of the body’s immune system. It affects the body’s germ-fighting network.

The lymphatic network includes lymph nodes, bone marrow,spleen, and thymus. The combined action of all these contributes to a strong system that helps the body fight infections and diseases effectively.

Lymphoma is characterized by the abnormal and uncontrollable growth of lymphocytes, which are a type of white blood cell (WBC). The condition leads to tumor formation.

The severity of lymphoma depends upon its type.Some type scan be treatable while others may have life-threatening consequences.

Types of lymphoma

This type of cancer can affect the body’s immune system response. As a result, such individuals become more prone to diseases. The immune system fails to protect them against infectious germs and pathogens.

Here are two main types of lymphoma cancers:

Hodgkin Lymphoma (HL)

Also known as Hodgkin’s disease, Hodgkin’s lymphoma is a type of cancer that impairs the lymphatic system. It is characterized by the presence of large abnormal cells, called Reed-Sternberg cells in the lymph nodes.

These large abnormal cells are multinucleated and are found in lymph nodes. This type of lymphoma cancer is relatively rare. It accounts for about 10% of all lymphoma cases.

The unusual growth typically begins in a single lymph node or a cluster of lymph nodes. This may gradually spread to other parts of the body over time.

Hodgkin’s lymphoma has high cure rates. This is possible, especially during the early stages of the disease. It can be completely curable in case of early detection and prompt treatment.

Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma (NHL)

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is a type of cancer that is more common compared to Hodgkin’s lymphoma.The disease is an umbrella term that encompasses a diverse group of lymphomas.

The lymphomas under NHL do not contain Reed-Sternberg cells. Several risk factors increase the likelihood of developing this disease.

Individuals with this disease may experience common symptoms including swelling of lymph nodes, night sweats, fever, unusual weight loss, fatigue, itching, abdominal pain or swelling, and symptoms related to compression of the areas surrounded by enlarged lymph nodes.

Which type of lymphoma is dangerous?

The seriousness and dangers linked to the types of lymphoma depend on various factors such as its subtype, the stage at which it is being diagnosed, genetic makeup, and individual parameters such as age, overall health, and response to the treatment.

Compared to the other types, some subtypes of lymphoma are more aggressive in nature. They can rapidly spread or relapse after treatment. While some may grow slowly over time.

Generally, certain subtypes of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) are considered to be more aggressive and riskier. The condition may contribute to severe damage to the lymphatic system.

The damage can make the body highly vulnerable to life-threatening infections and diseases. The survival rate is quite low in this type of lymphoma because it is mostly diagnosed during the advanced stages.

Factors that increase the risk of lymphoma

Researchers have not fully understood the exact reason for the occurrence of lymphoma. Here are several factors that may increase the chances of developing this type of cancer:

Genetic factors

An individual’s likelihood of developing lymphoma becomes high due to certain genetic mutations and abnormalities.

Those having genetic syndromes like Down’s syndrome and ataxia-telangiectasia are more prone to the risk of developing lymphoma.

Infections

Some infections can potentiate the individual’s risk of developing lymphoma cancer. These infections include Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), human T-cell leukemia or lymphoma virus (HTLV-1), and human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8).

Immune system disorders

Some chronic health conditions such as autoimmune diseases,HIV/AIDS,and organ transplantation, can contribute to the weakening of the immune system. A weak immune system is highly susceptible to lymphoma cancer.

Age

Individuals over the age of 60 are at a greater risk of developing lymphoma cancer. Although the disease can occur at any age, the likelihood of its occurrence is more common among older individuals.

Exposure to harmful radiation

Coming into contact with harmful radiations and poisonous chemicals like ionizing radiations, benzene can prove to be extremely toxic. This might increase your risk of lymphoma cancer. 

Indications of lymphoma

The signs of lymphoma may vary depending on various factors such as subtype, stage, age, location, etc. Some common symptoms include fever, night sweats, enlarged lymph nodes, fatigue, itching, skin rash, unusual weight loss, abdominal pain and swelling, chest, and shortness of breath.       

The lowdown

Early detection will prevent the risk of severe damage. Prompt treatment after detection will ensure positive outcomes and speedy recovery.

The Levels Of Eosinophils That Indicate Cancer

Eosinophils are a type of white blood cell that supports the body’s immune response. It is involved in protecting your body, defending it against parasitic infections, and modulating allergic reactions.

When there is an unusual rise in the levels of eosinophils in the blood, this could be a result of infections, allergic reactions, autoimmune disorders, and certain types of cancers.

Elevated levels of eosinophils do not necessarily indicate that the individual has cancer. The sudden rise in the levels of eosinophils in the context of cancer diagnosis depends on various factors.

Such factors include the specific type of cancer, the patient’s medical history, and other laboratory evaluations.

What are eosinophils?

There is a link between eosinophilia and certain types of cancers such aslymphomas or leukemias. This does not have to be necessarily true in every case, as elevated levels of eosinophils can occur in various conditions.

Eosinophils signify a small portion of the total white blood cell (WBC) in the blood. The function of eosinophils is to defend the body against parasites and modulation of allergic reactions.

It enhances the body’s defense mechanism by preventing foreign elements like parasites or germs from causing infections. Besides,eosinophils can also trigger allergic reactions and asthma.

Symptoms of eosinophils

The increase in eosinophils leads to symptoms like fatigue, rash, swelling, stomach pain, and shortness of breath.

How does get released in the body?

Eosinophils are produced in the soft tissue of the bones (bone marrow). When the bone marrow becomes matured, eosinophils travel to fatty tissue in your body, like your stomach.

Function of eosinophils

Eosinophil cells have small sand-like granules that cause a release of toxic protein, which destroys and consumes foreign objects or infectious pathogens. 

Eosinophils strengthen the body’s response to fighting off the invaded pathogens or germs. Its rise in count improves the body’s defensive response.

The infectious pathogens will be effectively fought, and the unwanted growth of organisms on other cells, and lastly, reduce the exposure to allergens. 

What is the normal range of eosinophils?

The eosinophil count in the blood must lie between the range of 0 to 500 cells per microliter. This is equivalent to around 1 to 4 % of the white blood cell (WBC) count.

When the levels of eosinophils are around 30 cells per microliter, this is considered too low. This condition is termed eosinopenia. Even when the count is very low, this will not be indicated through symptoms. The person may remain asymptomatic. 

Eosinophil counts are considered to be too high, ranging between 450 to 500 cells per microliter. This can be an indication that the immune system is not functioning optimally.

What level of eosinophils hints towards cancer?

High levels of eosinophils in the body do not essentially mean the person has some type of cancer. Most commonly, high eosinophil count has been associated with allergic reactions.

If your eosinophil count is between 0 to 500, it is normal. However, when the count goes higher, this can increase the likelihood of certain types of cancers.

A rise in the levels of eosinophils in the blood can be associated with several health conditions such as parasitic infection, allergic disorders, autoimmune diseases, eosinophilesophagitis, and certain types of cancers.

Types of cancers associated with increased eosinophils

Eosinophilic leukemia

Leukemia is a type of blood cancer that affects the body’s ability to fight infection.It affects the WBC. An unusual rise in the levels of eosinophils can be an indication of certain types of leukemia.

A person with high levels of eosinophil count in the body may have chronic or acute eosinophilic leukemia. Both of these cancer types have very rare occurrence.

Note that,eosinophil levels can also be raised in other types of cancers related to the blood and lymph nodes.

Colorectal cancer

Studies have revealed that the presence of numerous eosinophils around colorectal tumors is considered to be a good sign. This hints towards the possibilities of successful treatment.

Eosinophils is a not considered a good sign for Hodgkin lymphoma. The exact reason for this is not fully known yet.

Diagnosis and treatment

For performing diagnostic evaluation of cancer, healthcare providers use several different approaches, which include physical examination, medical history, screenings, and imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRIs, laboratory tests (including blood sample tests and biopsies), and sometimes genetic testing.

If the eosinophil levels go up beyond normal levels, then this can indicate just a possibility of cancer. Remember, this is not necessarily a sign of definitive diagnostic criteria for cancer.

 

 

 

 

What Causes Colon Cancer

Colon cancer happens due to the abnormal growth of cells in the colon, which is the longest part of the large intestine.Colon cancer is also known as colorectal cancer.

The condition is characterized by the development of abnormal cells in the colon or rectum. The cells grow rapidly and uncontrollably, leading to tumor formation.
Researchers have not yet fully understood the true cause of colon cancer. It may be a result of factors like genetics, lifestyle, and environment combined.

Causes of colon cancer

Some potential factors that may contribute to the development of colon cancer are as follows:

Genetics

Colon cancer can run in families. It may not be essentially passed down from parent to child, but inherited genetic mutations can potentiate the chances of developing it.

Genetic mutations may be passed down through generations, most probably in first-degree relatives. Families with a history of colon cancer are highly prone to this disease.

The possibility of getting colon cancer is significantly greater in case the individual has some genetic conditions.These conditions include familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) and Lynch syndrome (hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer, or HNPCC).

Family history

People with personal or family history of colorectal cancer are more susceptible to the risk of developing colon cancer.

Besides, those having a history of polyps or precancerous growths are also more likely to develop colon cancer.

The chances of colon cancer in families are high in first-degree relatives including parents, siblings, or children.

Age

With an increasing age, the risk of colon cancer also increases. According to some sources, this type of cancer is mostly seen among individuals over the age of 50.

Although it can happen at any age, the rate of occurrence of colon cancer has been on the rise among younger adults in recent years.

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)

Individuals experiencing some chronic inflammatory conditions of the colon, such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease, are more prone to the risk of colon cancer.

Prolonged and persistent Inflammation can contribute to changes in the inner walls or linings of the colon.

An inflamed colon is susceptible to abnormal growth and development of cells, leading to the formation of tumors.

Obesity and lack of physical activity

Being physically inactive leads to weight gain and obesity. Obese individuals lead a sedentary lifestyle, which is associated with the risk factors for colon cancer and several other types of cancers.

It is essential to do some physical exercises to remain healthy and fit. Through regular physical activity, bowel movements happen regularly and the inflammation also gets reduced to a greater degree.

This will prevent weight gain and obesity. Individuals with a healthy weight are less likely to develop colon cancer.

Dietary factors

Certain types of diet can potentiate your risk of colon cancer. It is necessary to be aware of what you consume.

Foods such as processed meats, fruits, or vegetables low in fiber content, alcohol, sugary food or beverages, etc. can promote the development of cancerous growth in the colon.

It is necessary to avoid such foods and make your diet more fiber-rich.

Smoking

Tobacco usage and smoking are associated with an increased risk of colon cancer as well as certain other types of cancers. Smoking and tobacco introduce the body to toxic substances that prove to be detrimental to overall health.

Such toxic substances contribute to damage to the inner walls or linings of the colon, which can lead to the development of cancer.

Excessive alcohol consumption

Individuals who consume excessive amounts of alcohol are more likely to develop colon cancer. This happens as alcohol contributes to the irritation of the inner linings of the colon and rectum.

The irritation in the walls of the colon affects the health of the cells and leads to abnormal cellular growth. This can cause the growth of cancerous tumors over time.

Seek timely treatment

It is necessary to acknowledge that not every individual with such risk factors will develop colon cancer. Certain factors listed above do potentiate the risk of the disease but it may not essentially lead to colon cancer in every individual.

Contrarily, individuals with no risk factors for colon cancer can still develop the disease. It is important to consult a healthcare provider who can suggest some diagnostic tests for evaluation and begin treatment on time.

To detect colon cancer, one has to undergo regular screening, which includes colonoscopies and stool tests. Early detection will reduce the damage and speed up the recovery time.

 

 

 

 

 

 

What Causes Gout?

Gout is caused because of the accumulation of small urate crystals around the joints. It is a chronic health condition that causes intense pain, swelling, inflammation, redness, and tenderness in the joints. The condition affects the person’s ability to move the joint.

Gout is caused when the levels of uric acid, which is generally a waste product, rise to very high levels within the blood. Uric acid is naturally metabolized in the body, and it is thrown out from the body as it is a waste. It gets created by breaking down purine, which is a natural substance found in the body. Some foods and drinks also contain purine.

The rise in the levels of purine happens as you consume certain foods that are laden with purine. Certain types of foods and drinks have higher concentrations of purine, excessive consumption of such foods can increase the purine intake, which leads to its breakdown, thereby increasing the levels of uric acid in the body.

The body may fail to get rid of uric acid because of its excessive concentration. As a result, the atoms of uric acid bind together and form sharp crystals. These crystals thus formed get accumulated around the joints and form gout.

Symptoms of gout

The person with gout experiences several symptoms, which may be strong indicators that they have developed the condition. The symptoms are as follows:

  • Intense joint pain – The gout most commonly occurs on the big toe, knees, ankles, wrists, elbows, and fingers. The pain might come and go. It might cause intense pain for several hours.
  • Swollen joints – The joint swells up and causes pain.
  • Tender and sensitive joints – Due to swelling, the joint may appear red.
  • Inflammation and discomfort – The swollenarea becomes warm due to inflammation, and it increases discomfort.
  • Difficultymoving – The movements get restricted because of the swelling and pain.

The person might not be able to move too much because of the pain and swelling. The symptoms might be felt intensely during the nighttime. Their movements get restricted as a result. To ease the symptoms, one must get early treatment. Timely treatment will prevent its progression, alleviate the symptoms, and reduce the risk of complications.

Who is more likely to develop gout?

According to the National Institutes of Health, the occurrence of this condition is more common in men than in women. It might develop mostly during the middle age. The symptoms of this condition will be more intense and severe if it happens at a young age. Women do not usually develop health issues before the menopause. Their risk of developing the condition might increase after menopause.

Ways to reduce the risk of gout

  • Limit the consumption of certain foods – Certain foods are rich sources of purine. Excessive consumption of purine-rich foods increases the concentration of uric acid in the blood because purine gets metabolized and converted into uric acid. A rise in the levels of uric acid leads to its crystallization, resulting in gout formation. Therefore, foods that contain high concentrations of purine must be eaten in moderation.
  • Switch to healthy drinks – Many fructose-based drinks contain high amounts of purines. Also, some types of alcoholic beverages have higher levels of purine, which is why one must limit their alcohol intake or switch to some other type that contains low amounts of purine.
  • Lose some weight – Obese and overweight individuals have higher amounts of uric acid in their bodies compared to others. They are highly susceptible to developing gout. This is why it is necessary for such individuals to lose excess weight. This will reduce their risk of developing the condition.
  • Physical activity is necessary – Exercising regularly will be beneficial for overall health. It reduces the frequency of gout flares and inflammation. The symptoms also get alleviated to a great extent with regular exercise.

Is treatment necessary?

Gout is a chronic health condition that requires treatment. If the treatment is not given on time, the condition will exacerbate, and the frequency of gout flares will increase. This increases the risk of gout complications which include joint damage, kidney damage, and bone loss.

The treatment will include two types of medications. The first type of medication will reduce the frequency of gout flares,and the intensity of pain, inflammation, and swelling, while the other type will work on preventing the risk of complications. The medications will eliminate excessuric acid from the body and prevent disease progression.

The lowdown

The rise in the level of uric acid in the body causes the crystallization of its atoms. These crystals have sharp edges and as they flow throughout the bloodstream, they aggregate around the joints. Too much accumulation of these uric acid crystals around the joint causes pain, swelling, redness, and inflammation in the joints. If it is left untreated, the condition worsens and potentiates the risk of complications.

How Long Does Gout Last?

A chronic condition like gout is a type of arthritis that may come and go. Its symptoms might become intense due to flare-ups.According to the Healthline website,for a person getting the treatment, the episodes of gout may last for around 3 days. And in those without any treatment, it can last up to 14 days.

This condition causes severe pain, swelling, inflammation, and redness around the joints. If the person is getting the treatment, they may experience the symptoms for 3 days. It typically affects the joints of the knees, wrists, elbows, big toe, and fingers. If it is left untreated, the condition worsens as the symptoms become severe and the gout flares and attacks become more frequent.

Lack of treatment causes the gout symptoms to persist for a couple of weeks. This potentiates the risk of progression and gout-related complications such as kidney damage, joint damage, and bone loss. Treatment is necessary to prevent the condition from worsening.

Effective ways to overcome gout symptoms

When gout flares occur, you can manage it with medications and some lifestyle changes. The first step to prevent gout flares is to avoid the factors that trigger it. Certain types of foods and drinks are the primary cause of gout. Generally, foods and drinks that are high in purines cause gout flares. The foods one must either avoid or limit the consumption of are listed below:

  • Sugary snacks such as pastries, candies, cakes, drinks, etc.
  • Full-fat dairy products
  • Liver and kidney
  • Red meats
  • White bread
  • Poultry
  • Certain alcoholic beverages
  • Seafood such as crab, lobster, trout, tuna, mackerel, sardines, etc.

In addition, it is equally important to implement several lifestyle changes, which will be beneficial for reducing the risk of gout flares. These changes include:

  • Drinking plenty of water – Hydration is necessary for the kidneys to perform their optimal function. Since gout happens due to the rise in the levels of uric acid in the body, kidneys remove the uric acid and prevent the risk of gout symptoms. Therefore, one must consume plenty of water in a day.
  • Reducing the intake of alcohol – Alcohol can potentiate the risk of developing gout. Certain types such as beer are loaded with high amounts of purine. One must drink such beverages in moderation.
  • Regular exercise – Staying physically active will reduce the risk of gout. It will also reduce the frequency of gout flares.
  • Giving up smoking – Chronic smokers might be susceptible to gout. One must give up smoking habits.
  • Overweight – Those who are overweight and obese have higher levels of uric acid in their body. Such people’s bodies produce higher levels of uric acid, which might lead to gout. This is why, it is necessary for such individuals to lose some extra weight and try to become fit.

How does gout occur?

A person develops this condition because of the rise in the levels of uric acid in their blood. Uric acid is nothing but a waste product that gets eliminated by the body. The kidneys are responsible for getting this substance out of the body. But sometimes, the levels of uric acid rise to excessive amounts, which leads to its crystallization.

As the body fails to get rid of uric acid from the system, the small atoms of uric acid bind together and form tiny clusters of it. The crystals have sharper edges that prick like needles under the skin surface. These crystals then accumulate around the joints to form gout and give rise to intense pain, swelling, inflammation, redness, and tenderness in and around the joints. The condition affects the person’s movements.

The body naturally has some uric acid as a waste product. It is metabolized from a substance known as purine. The purine levels in the body rise when the person consumes too much of purine-rich foods and drinks. The breakdown of purine leads to the production of uric acid as a waste. As the body fails to get rid of uric acid, it crystallizes and these crystals potentiate the risk of gout.

Gout diagnosis and treatment

Gout is a chronic health condition and it must never be left untreated. If the person does not get the treatment in time, the condition will exacerbate, and the frequency of gout flares will increase and their difficulties might increase. Early diagnosis and treatment will reduce the possibilities of gout complications which include joint damage, kidney damage, and bone loss.

The healthcare expert will prescribe treatment that typically includes two types of medications. The first type of drugs will be helpful in decreasing the frequency of gout flares, and the severity of pain, inflammation, and swelling. The other types of drugs will be prescribed to prevent the risk of gout-related complications and help the body get rid of the excess of uric acid from the body, which will prevent disease progression.

What Causes Myasthenia Gravis?

Myasthenia gravis (MG) can affect people of any age. It is an autoimmune disorder, which leads to the weakening of the muscles that control voluntary actions. This condition mostly affects the eyes, mouth, throat, and limbs. It is a lifelong condition that keeps progressing and getting worse. It is necessary to get the treatment, which will slow down its progression.

According to the National Institutes of Health, the causes of myasthenia gravis are:

Antibodies –Myasthenia gravis is caused because of the poor transmission of the signals between the nerves and muscles. The place where the nerve cells interact with the muscles, they control is called the neuromuscular junction. When the signal transmission at the junction is interrupted, this can potentiate the risk of myasthenia gravis.

For voluntary action, the brain cells and neurons communicate with the help of neurotransmitter chemicals known as acetylcholine, and the information is passed to the target muscles through the release ofacetylcholine chemicals between the nerve cells and muscles. These chemicals bind to the sites, which are called acetylcholine receptors on the muscle. This causes the muscles to contract, and this is how the brain controls the voluntary action by signaling it to the muscles.

However, people with this condition suffer due to the weakening of these muscles. This happens when the acetylcholine receptors of the muscles do not receive the signals from the nerve cells. The immune system of MG-affected people destroys these binding sites on the muscles by releasing antibodies. Therefore, antibodies released by the immune system damage the acetylcholine receptors and prevent signal transmission, which leads to the weakening of the muscles.

Thymus gland – Thymus is a small gland in the lymphatic system that is present in the chest between the lungs. It is a part of your immune system, and it produces white blood cells (lymphocytes), also known as T-cells. T-cells support your immune system to effectively fight off any infection or disease and keep your body safeguarded against any illness.

Some studies revealed that, in people with MG, this gland is a bit larger than its usual size and it can affect the signal transmission between the nerve cells and the muscles. This gland might produce white blood cells with erroneous instructions, which makes the immune system destroy its own T-cells and produce antibodies in large amounts. These antibodies block the signal transmission at the neuromuscular junction, which causes the muscles to lose their strength.

 Mother-to-child – A pregnant woman having this disease might transfer the antibodies to the developing fetus, which potentiates the risk of myasthenia gravis in the developing fetus. The antibodies might enter the placenta and the fetus. The baby might be weak and develop breathing problems. They may take a few months to recover, as the symptoms are generally temporary.

Emotional stress – Various studies have concluded that acute emotional stress can contribute to the worsening of the symptoms of myasthenia gravis. It can also trigger a myasthenia crisis that may arise when the muscles that are responsible for controlling your breathing function get severely damaged. Myasthenia crisis is a condition that is characterized by respiratory failure and as a result, the person requires mechanical ventilation for breathing.

Respiratory infection – Infections related to the respiratory tract are common contributors to myasthenia gravis deterioration. MG patients need to be careful, as respiratory tract infection can exacerbate the condition and the consequences can turn severe.

 Surgical procedures – Surgery can increase the possibility of myasthenia crisis. The person suffering from myasthenia crisis requiresintensive care and mechanical ventilation.

 Medications – The side effects of certain medications and drugs can induce the deterioration of myasthenia gravis. People having this disease must avoid taking medications certain types of drugs to prevent the exacerbation of their condition. Some drugs that need to be avoided during MG are antibiotics, beta-blockers, anesthetics, quinine gluconate, quinine, phenytoin, etc.

Diagnostic tests

According to the Mayo Clinic website, your healthcare provider will check your symptoms to confirm whether you are experiencing myasthenia gravis. They will ask you about your medical history and conduct your physical examination. They may suggest a combination of tests to identify the cause of this chronic condition. The tests may include:

  • Neurological examination – The healthcare provider will check your muscle response by testing your muscle strength, sensitivity to light or touch, balance, coordination, reflexes, and muscle tone.
  • Blood sample tests – These tests will reveal the type of antibodies that affect the neuromuscular junction sites.
  • Ice pack test – This test is done to analyze your eye’s muscle response to the stimulus of ice.
  • Imaging – These are scanning tests done by CT scans and MRIs.
  • Repetitive nerve stimulation – This test analyzes whether your muscles are receiving signals from the nerve cells. It involves the use of electrodes that are attached to your skin over the muscle that needs to be tested.
  • Single fiber electromyography (EMG) – This involves the insertion of a thin wire electrode into the muscles by piercing the skin. This test checks whether the brain is able to send signals to the muscles.
  • Pulmonary function tests –It is done to see if the condition is causing or going to cause breathing problems.

A combination of these tests will help your healthcare provider to rule out the treatment appropriate to your condition.

What Is Liver Disease?

The lever is the second-largest organ of the human body. It serves as a filter, which separates the nutrients and waste as the food moves through the digestive system. The waste is nothing but toxins, and the liver is responsible for eliminating these toxic substances from the body.

In the case of liver disease, the liver will fail to get the toxins out of the body, which can affect the person’s overall health significantly.The liver might malfunction because of factors such as genetics, viral infection, obesity, and alcohol abuse.

Several conditions can lead to the development of liver disease, which can in turn cause cirrhosis or scarring. The scar may spread on the liver surface, as the scar issues replace the healthy tissues. If it is not treated early, it might lead to liver failure or cancer.

Various factors might contribute to damage to the liver over time and potentiate the risk of liver failure, which can be fatal. The damage can be prevented when the treatment is taken on time. Early treatment will reduce the risk of life-threatening complications.

Symptoms

Generally, one of the most common symptoms of liver disease is jaundice, which can be indicated by the yellowing of the skin and the white portion of the eyes.According to the Mayo Clinic website, sometimes the person may even show any symptoms of liver disease and it might go unnoticed. But in case a person develops some symptoms related to liver disease, then it is necessary to get it checked by a healthcare professional. Some symptoms of liver disease can be:

  • Yellowing of skin and eyes (Jaundice)
  • Chronic fatigue
  • Abdominal pain and swelling
  • Swelling in the legs and ankles
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Dark color urine
  • Getting bruises easily
  • Pale color stools
  • Itchy skin

    Causes

Liver disease can be caused by one of the factors that are listed below:

  • Viral infections – Parasites and viruses can lead to liver infections, which can affect its function. The infection can spread throughout the body and affect the other organs. Viral infections potentiate the risk of liver infections, which include Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C.
  • Genetics – The liver disease can run in the family. A person might inherit this genetic makeup from one or both of their parents. Liver diseases caused due to abnormal genes are – Hemochromatosis, Wilson’s disease, and Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency.
  • Immune system disorders – When the immune system accidentally attacks the liver, it can damage its functions and cause autoimmune liver diseases, which may include autoimmune hepatitis, primary biliary cholangitis, and primary sclerosing cholangitis.
  • Tumors and cancer – Sometimes the cells inside the liver might undergo rapid multiplication, which can cause the development of tumors inside. The tumor thus formed can be noncancerous or benign, which are generally harmless, or it can be malignant, which leads to liver cancer.
  • Chronic alcoholism – Heavy use of alcohol potentiates the risk of alcoholic liver diseases that include fatty liver, alcoholic hepatitis, and alcoholic cirrhosis.Fatty liver can lead to the accumulation of fat in the liver cells, which inflates the liver.
  • Prescription/non-prescription drugs – The side effects of certain drugs can contribute to liver damage.

Diagnosis

Your healthcare provider will conduct a physical examination and ask you some questions about your health history, symptoms, etc., and order some tests. The tests will be helpful in identifying the cause of liver disease and the extent of damage that is already done.

Generally, they may recommend some common tests that are as follows:

  • Blood sample test – This test will reveal the cause of liver dysfunction, which is necessary for starting the treatment. The test will check for liver problems or genetic abnormalities.
  • Imaging tests – Your doctor will order a CT scan or MRI scan of your liver. This will be helpful in determining the degree of liver damage.
  • Liver biopsy – This involves the removal of a tissue sample from the liver to identify the root cause of liver disorder and to perform diagnosis. To perform a biopsy, the healthcare provider will insert a thin needle inside your liver and collect the liver tissue sample to analyze it.

Treatment

The treatment will depend on the severity of the disease. Your healthcare provider will prescribe you appropriate treatments after a comprehensive diagnostic evaluation. Treatments include:

  • Medications – Liver diseases can be managed and treated with certain medications. They can slow down liver damage.
  • Liver transplant – When the disease becomes severe and reaches the advanced stage progressing to failure, then liver transplant is the only option. It involves the removal of the damaged liver and replacing it with a healthy liver.
  • Lifestyle changes – In combination with the other treatments, maintaining a healthy lifestyle is necessary. You need to make changes in your diet. Consumption of fatty meals must be avoided. Those who consume alcohol must give it up completely, otherwise, it will worsen the condition.

Prevention

  • Avoid drinking excessive amounts of alcohol.
  • Always use protection while having unprotected sex.
  • Never share the needles.
  • Avoid using OTC medications excessively.
  • Keep your weight in check.
  • Maintain hygiene.
  • Get vaccinated against infections.

What Is Progressive Muscle Relaxation?

Hectic work schedules, day-to-day responsibilities, life events, etc. can contribute to stress. Stress is an emotion, which is the body’s natural response to some threatening situations. A lack of control over the situation triggers such a response. But you can manage your stress levels with the help of a technique known as Progressive muscle relaxation (PMR).

It is a stress reliever technique, that involves stretching and relaxing your muscles. This therapy is performed on muscles, one at a time, and a specific pattern is followed. It relieves tightness and releases tension in the muscles.

This technique was introduced in the 1920s by an American physicist Edmund Jacobson. Another name for this technique is Jacobson’s relaxation technique. It provides complete physical relaxation, which helps in calming down mental disturbances. This technique helps achieve mental peace through physical relaxation.

How is progressive muscle relaxation performed?

A group of muscles is worked upon first. The muscles are subjected to tightening, and tensing and the tension is released, which enhances the relaxation of those muscles.As physical relaxation is attained, it eventually leads to mental calmness.

The practice involves applying tension to a specific muscle group, in a particular order. One needs to put on comfortable clothes during the process. It can be performed while being in a seated position, or it will be easier when the person lies down.

According to the WebMD website, the practice involves step-by-step techniques, which are as follows:

  • Choose a muscle that you need to work on. Let us suppose you are practicing this technique on upper thigh muscles.You have to inhale deeply and meanwhile contract these muscles for up to 10 seconds and exhale and release the tension in the muscles in an instant.
  • Take a break for a few seconds,which is for around 10 to 20 seconds before you repeat the process with another group of muscles. This break will allow you to relax for a while.
  • Again, inhale deeply, and this time you have to focus on contracting some other muscle group. You should start the process downward and work your way up to the upper muscles of the body.
  • You can make it even more powerful by including your imagination. As you release the tensions, imagine yourself as being completely at ease and at peace. This will be beneficial both physiologically as well as psychologically because it works as an outlet for stress and stuck emotions.
  • Start from the toes, then calves, knees, thighs, and buttocks, and continue moving in the upward direction till you reach the eyebrows.
  • If you feel intense pain in some areas, then you can simply skip those muscles and move on to another. You do not have to force yourself.

You can learn this technique by consulting a physiotherapist or your healthcare provider. Besides, there are other sources such as YouTube videos and healthcare and wellness podcasts that will guide you.

Benefits of progressive muscle relaxation

This is a kind of deep relaxation technique that is helpful in eliminating stress, anxiety, and sleep disorders such as insomnia, and alleviating the symptoms of some chronic pains. Generally, healthcare professionals suggest their patients perform this technique in combination with the treatment for certain health conditions like migraines, high blood pressure or hypertension, digestive disorders, and cancer pain.

Progressive muscle relaxation benefits those people who have the following types of health problems:

  1. Sleep disorders – Those with sleep disorders like insomnia will find this technique very beneficial, as it makes it easier for them to get completely relaxed and fall asleep. You need to learn the technique from your healthcare provider and keep practicing it. Soon you will be able to see the transforming effects of this technique on your mind and body, which will eliminate sleep deprivation.
  2. Alleviates stress and anxiety – According to the research done by the National Institutes of Health, PMR can reduce the symptoms of mental health disorders like stress, anxiety, and depression. This practice encourages the feeling of well-being.
  3. Relieves neck pain – Stress and responsibilities can increase the tension in the neck and shoulder region. Researchers claim that PMR can reduce chronic neck pain.
  4. Lowers back pain – PMR can reduce the symptoms of chronic back pain and provide great relief.
  5. Mitigate migraines – Doing this practice regularly will reduce the symptoms of migraines. Also, it decreases the frequency of migraines.
  6. Helps manage blood pressure – People having high blood pressure must do this practice, which will decrease their blood pressure and reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke.

What Is The Best Medicine For An Overactive Bladder?

An overactive bladder causes involuntary movements and contractions, which gives rise to urinary incontinence problems. Despite trying to manage the condition with the help of several positive lifestyle changes, if the bladder does not regain its normal function, then it is necessary to see your healthcare provider. They shall prescribe some medications that can decrease involuntary bladder contractions.

These medications prevent urine leakage and overcome urine incontinence. They can restore the normal function of the bladder. According to the Mayo Clinic website, the medications that are commonly prescribed for the treatment of overactive bladder are as follows:

Anticholinergics

These drugs suppress the action of a neurotransmitter chemical, known as acetylcholine. It is a chemical that is responsible for causing involuntary bladder contractions by signaling it to the brain. Due to the acetylcholine action, the person may develop an uncontrollable urge to urinate even when the bladder is not filled with urine yet.

However, anticholinergic drugs prevent these chemical messengers from triggering involuntary bladder movements. These drugs usually come in the form of pills or tablets for oral administration. The dose will be prescribed by the healthcare provider. Besides, they are also available as gels and skin patches.

They come under various brand names and their generic versions are also available. These drugs can give rise to some common side effects such as constipation, dry mouth, and blurry vision.

Onabotulinumtoxin type A (Botox)

These are the injections that can be helpful in reviving the normal bladder function. The Botox injections are given directly into the bladder muscles. Its function is to block the action of the chemical messenger which is acetylcholine. The effects of these injections paralyze the bladder muscles and prevent their untimely movements.

Your healthcare provider will prescribe the number of shots you need to take. Usually, these injections are repeated once or twice a year. Those who received an inadequate response after using Anticholinergics can talk to their healthcare provider and get to know about Botox injections and their side effects.

Mirabegron

These drugs come under the tradename Myrbetriq, which is helpfulin relaxing the bladder muscles and enhancing bladder capacity. The urine volume gets improved as the bladder’s capacity to hold the urine increases. The symptoms such as frequent urge to pass urine, untimely urine leakage, incontinence, etc., subside because of the effect of these drugs. Also, the bladder will be able to eliminate the urine and empty itself completely.

These medications come in the form of tablets and granules. The dose will be prescribed by the healthcare provider. The effects of these drugs can produce some common side reactions like headache, dizziness, nausea, constipation, or diarrhea.

Estrogen

The muscles that surround the bladder and surrounding organs may become weak because of the drop in the levels of estrogen hormone.Women after menopause are more likely to develop overactive bladder due to a decrease in the levels of estrogen. Estrogen is essential for the strength of the muscles that provide support to the bladder, urethra, and nearby organs.

The urethra is a tube that carries the urine from the bladder to get it eliminated from the body.Low levels of estrogen weaken the supportive tissues that surround the urethra, which leads to urine incontinence. This can be treated with the application of low-dose topical estrogen.

Several other methods of treatment are estrogen pills, creams, patches, or rings. One must talk to their healthcare provider to suggest some appropriate treatment and it is necessary to inform them in case you have some medical history of cancers related to breasts and the uterus.

Imipramine

These drugs belong to the class of tricyclic antidepressants that increase the relaxation of the bladder muscles. Their function is to balance the chemical messengers of the brain and prevent night time bed-wetting, especially in children.It might not be as effective in adults. They may lead to some side effects.

Duloxetine

These are also antidepressant drugs that are used for the treatment of mental health disorders like anxiety and depression.It can improve bladder function by relaxing the bladder muscles and preventing untimely urine leakage. It can treat urine incontinence as well. In addition, they can give rise to some side effects like nausea, insomnia, dizziness, fatigue, constipation, and dry mouth.

These drugs might interact with certain types of drugs and lead to dangerous side reactions. Therefore, to prevent health damage because of unwanted interactions, you must provide your healthcare provider with a list of medications or supplements you are taking currently or planning to take. By doing this you are informing them to prescribe the type of medicine or treatment that can be safe despite medicinal interactions.

Lastly, in addition to using medication for treating the symptoms of stress incontinence and urine continence, one must also combine behavioral treatment, which involves the following types of treatments:

  • Kegels – These are pelvic floor muscle strengthening exercises.
  • Exercise
  • Weight loss
  • Biofeedback

What Is The Cause Of Myasthenia Gravis?

In general, the primary cause of Myasthenia gravis is the interruption of signal transmission between the nerve cells and the muscles. The muscles receive erroneous signals from the nerve cells, which impair their voluntary function. It is a chronic condition, that is progressive in nature and is incurable.

This condition affects the voluntary muscles, that is, the muscles that control the eye movements, mouth, throat, and limbs. The brain fails to control these muscles, which leads to their weakening and impairment of their function. The muscles of the person with this condition may get tired too soon because of their weakening.

How do the muscles lose their strength?

The neurons in your brain release neurotransmitters, which are chemical messengers that carry the signal from the brain to the muscles. The communication between your brain cells and neurons is established with the help of a neurotransmitter known as acetylcholine. This release of this chemical at the junction of the nerve cells and muscles signals the muscles to respond.

The muscles have receptor sites for acetylcholine chemicals. When nerve cells release acetylcholine, the chemical binds to the acetylcholine receptor sites in the muscles. And this is how the muscles respond to the brain’s commands to perform voluntary action.

In the case of Myasthenia gravis, these acetylcholine receptor sites on the muscles get destroyed due to some factors, and as a result, the muscle fails to receive the signals from the nerve cells. Instead, the muscles receive some incorrect signals, which affects their function and causes them to lose their strength.

Factors that lead to muscle weakening

There are various factors that can contribute to the exacerbation of muscle control, but the main reasons for Myasthenia gravis are given below:

Antibodies – The acetylcholine receptor sites present in the muscles receive some erroneous signals from the nerve cells. Since myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune disorder, the condition can be attributed to immune system action. The immune system releases anti-acetylcholine receptor antibodies, which destroy the acetylcholine receptor sites on the muscles and prevent the signal transmission to the organs.

Due to the lack of proper signal transmission, the muscle may act up and become completely weak. The organ corresponding to the affected muscle may fail to respond voluntarily.

Thymus gland – This gland is present in your chest just between your lungs. It forms a part of your immune system and is responsible for producing white blood cells or lymphocytes. Lymphocytes support your immune system in fighting infectious pathogens or foreign elements and preventing and protecting your body against any infection or disease.

In some people, this gland might grow bigger in size, and it may produce lymphocytes with incorrect instructions. These lymphocytes might trigger the release of anti-acetylcholine receptor antibodies which attack the acetylcholine receptor sites on the muscles and hinder signal transmission. This majorly affects muscle function.

Symptoms

The condition might become worse when you use the affected muscles repeatedly without letting them rest. Resting is essential for weak muscles, as it helps in restoring some strength in them. As the condition progresses, the symptoms might turn more severe, and resting time has to be increased correspondingly.

Certain muscles that control voluntary movements are affected in this condition. This condition commonly impairs the function of the following muscles:

  • Eye muscles – When these muscles become weak, the eyelids of one or both eyes become droopy. This condition is known as ptosis. Another symptom of this condition is double vision, called diplopia, wherein the person sees two images of an object.
  • Face muscles – The impairment of these muscles leads to a change in facial expressions.
  • Throat muscles – When throat muscles get affected, the person experiences difficulty in speaking, chewing, or swallowing. This might increase the risk of choking. Also, they might require a long time to chew as they might get tired halfway.
  • Neck muscles – The person may not be able to keep their neck straight or hold their head up for long.
  • Limb muscles – This makes the movements of arms and legs difficult. The person may have trouble while walking.

Factors that worsen the condition

  • Stress – Stress can deteriorate the symptoms even more. It can trigger physiological and hormonal changes in the body, which can make the condition worse.
  • Infection – Since myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune disorder, the introduction of any infectious pathogen can require immune system action. This can contribute to the worsening of the condition.
  • Surgery – Surgical procedures can increase the risk of myasthenia crisis, which may require the person to be put on mechanical ventilation and intensive care.
  • Medications – The side effects of certain medications and drugs can potentiate the risk of worsening of the condition.
  • Pregnancy – During pregnancy, the female goes through tremendous physiological and psychological changes. This can cause exacerbation of the condition.

What Medications Cause Overactive Bladder?

Overactive bladder can be a side effect of some medications. Certain medications can cause involuntary contractions in the bladder, which leads to urine incontinence. The person may not be able to control their urges to urinate, which may develop frequently, without any indication.

According to the Healthline website, the types of prescription medications and over-the-counter drugs that can cause overactive bladder are given below:

Diuretics

These are also known as water pills, which are used for the treatment of heart diseases and hypertension (high blood pressure). These pills help to eliminate excess fluids from the body. They prevent fluid retention in the body. Fluid retention can lead to damage to the heart and arteries because it increases the blood volume, which makes the heart get the blood pumped throughout the body with greater force.

The force exerted by the heart to pump the blood is very high, which can cause damage. So, diuretics help in the excretion of excess fluids from the body through urine. This can put pressure on the bladder to receive the fluids repeatedly to get it discarded from the body. This is how these medications can cause an overactive bladder.

Blood pressure medications

According to the study and research done by the National Institutes of Health, certain medications used for keeping blood pressure in the safe range can lead to an overactive bladder. These medications include:

  • Beta-blockers – These medications can enhance the relaxation of the bladder muscles and increase the bladder capacity. These pills can contribute to involuntary bladder action.
  • Calcium channel blockers – These drugs can increase urine volume due to their ability to decrease bladder contractions. This causes urinary retention, which makes the individual urinate more frequently.
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors – These drugs can interfere with the ability of bladder contraction. Their effects can affect the bladder muscles and their action.
  • Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) – These drugs can also lead to unintentional loss of urine. Their effects can also cause urgency to urine frequently.

Psychotropic drugs

Certain types of psychotropic medications can affect the bladder function and cause frequent urination. The drugs that can cause an overactive bladder are as follows:

  • Antidepressants – These drugs cause urinary retention and can impair the bladder’s ability to contract and evacuate itself. This can give rise to the symptoms of overflow incontinence due to the failure to empty the bladder.
  • Mood stabilizers – These are lithium drugs that are prescribed for the treatment of bipolar disorder, which causes extreme and unusual mood shifts.These pills regulate mood. Their side effects can potentiate the risk of urine incontinence.
  • Antipsychotic drugs – These drugs are prescribed for treating schizophrenia. The side effects can lead to urine incontinence.

Individuals consuming any of these drugs are more likely to experience a condition like an overactive bladder, which is one of their side effects. They may develop an urgent need to rush to the toilet to pass urine. This problem is mostly experienced during the nighttime, which keeps them awake all night.

Such people are subject to embarrassment because of their inability to hold the pressure of urine. The urine might even leak, which affects the social life big time. Women after menopause are more likely to develop overactive bladder due to the reduction in the estrogen levels in their body. They are more prone to such a condition in comparison to men.

Moreover, there are various other factors that can trigger the symptoms of urine incontinence and medications are one of them. Various other factors leading to involuntary bladder movement are:

  • Urinary tract infections (UTIs)
  • Neurological disorders
  • Diabetes
  • Tumors and stones in kidneys and bladder
  • Hormonal changes
  • Prostate enlargement or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)

Symptoms of Overactive bladder

  • Sudden uncontrollable urge to pass the urine.
  • Frequent need to urinate several times, especially at nighttime.
  • Unintentional and untimely leaking of urine, known as urine incontinence.
  • Nocturia, which requires you to wake up several times at night to pass urine.

If you are experiencing these symptoms, then see your doctor immediately. They will conduct a general physical examination and if it is confirmed that you are experiencing involuntary bladder contractions, then they will perform diagnostic tests to identify the reason behind urinary difficulties.

Diagnosis and treatment

Your doctor will suggest several tests to check the urine flow rate, the volume of urine left in the bladder after passing the urine, and the pressure exerted on the bladder at the time it gets filled with fluids. Once the reports arrive, the treatment will begin. Also, your doctor will refer you to some specialist, who can decide the treatment. The treatment will include a combination of various treatments.

Various treatment options available for treatment of overactive bladder are listed below:

  • Behavioral therapies – Kegel or pelvic floor exercise, attaining healthy weight, Biofeedback, intermittent catheterization, etc.
  • Medications
  • Bladder injections
  • Nerves stimulation
  • Surgical procedure

What Causes Migraine Headaches?

The person having a migraine attack develops an intense throbbing or dull aching pain in the forehead, temples, and neck. According to various sources, the exact reason for migraines is not known yet. The researchers are not certain whether the cause of migraines can be attributed to genetics, brain chemical imbalances, or some other factors. The research is still ongoing to identify the root cause of migraine attacks.

Although the reason for these intense headaches is not known, there are several factors that trigger migraines. Generally, the person about to suffer a migraine will experience some pre-migraine triggers, which are as follows:

Hormonal fluctuations.

Women are more susceptible to migraines compared to men. This happens because they experience extreme changes in their hormone levels throughout their lives. Menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause cause a drastic imbalance in the hormones. On top of that oral contraceptive medications also contribute to these hormonal changes. Therefore, women experience migraines more often than men.

 Stress and anxiety.

Stress is the most common trigger which causes the progression of headaches into migraines. Chronic stress can increase the frequency of migraines. People with anxiety disorders are also prone to intense headaches.The intense persistent pain in turn gives rise to more stress and the cycle continues.

Lack of sleep.

Sleep is a restorative activity which is a must. It heals your body and gets you ready for the next day. However, people with sleepless nights or inadequate sleep are highly likely to experience migraines. Such people develop daytime fatigue.

 Bright lights.

Some people develop a high sensitivity to the light. Exposure to bright lights can lead to headaches that can manifest into migraines. Their sensitivity to light prevents them from working on computers or using any device that emits bright light. Stepping out in the sun or sitting in a bright room can also stimulate their senses and cause headaches.

Loud noises.

Some might become highly sensitive to the noises. This hypersensitivity to the noise in some people can make a normal sound feel unbearable to their ears. This can lead to a pulsating or throbbing pain in the head.

Strong smell.

Strong odors can affect people who have high sensitivity to smells. This can irritate them and cause pulsating headaches.

 Physical strain.

Some activities require intense physical strain and rapid movements. This can aggravate headaches, which can lead to severe migraines. Activities such as weightlifting, sexual activity, exercising, vigorous sports, etc. can potentiate the risk of migraines in some people.

Certain types of drinks and beverages can also induce migraines. Such drinks can include alcohol, excessive intake of tea or coffee (basically caffeine), wine, etc. Some drinks have psychoactive properties, which can trigger some imbalances in the brain chemicals and give rise to headaches.

 Skipping meals.

Not having meals at the right time or skipping a meal can lead to headaches. If you skip your meals, your sugar levels go down, this can give rise to migraines. So, make sure you do not miss your meals and have them on time.

Certain types of drugs can produce some side effects and intense headaches or migraines can be one of them. Some medications have vasodilator properties, that can increase pain sensitivity and spread the pain in the head.

Risk factors of migraines

Some people are more likely to experience migraines than others. Given below are some factors that potentiate the risk of developing this neurological disorder:

  • Gender – In comparison to men, women are more susceptible to this condition. This happens due to extreme changes in the hormone levels in the body.
  • Age – In general, a person might develop this condition between the ages of 10 to 40.
  • Genetics – Although it is not certain that migraines happen due to genetic factors, the likelihood of offspring inheriting this neurological condition from there through genetic makeup is quite possible. A condition like migraines might run in the family.
  • Chronic health conditions – Some chronic neurological conditions such as anxiety disorder, depression, sleep disorder, epilepsy, etc. can lead to migraines.

When to see a doctor?

Mild and moderate degrees of headaches might happen for some time and disappear soon. But severe forms of headaches along with throbbing or pulsating pain happening in the forehead, temples, one side of the head, or around the neck is a migraine.Migraines cause unbearable pain, and this is how you will be able to differentiate between normal headaches and migraines.

If migraines happen on a frequent basis, then it is necessary to seek treatment, otherwise, it can get worse with time. The treatment usually involves medications and some positive changes in the day-to-day habits.

Your doctor will ask you several general questions to confirm the symptoms of migraines and prescribe you certain pain reliever medications to manage the pain. You might think about using some OTC medication to manage the condition on your own, but it can potentiate the risk even more. Therefore, you must see your doctor when migraines happen frequently.

 

 

What Causes Liver Disease?

Liver disease is a manageable condition, but it cannot be cured. The susceptibility of some individuals to develop liver-related disorders is more compared to others. Such individuals must implement some positive lifestyle changes before hand, which will help them reduce the chances of life-threatening complications like liver cirrhosis or liver cancer.

Factors that can potentiate the risk of liver disease are given below:

Viral infections

Certain types of viruses or parasites can cause infections like Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C, which can damage liver function, leading to liver disease. The infection can cause inflammation in the liver and impair its function. The liver is responsible for eliminating the toxins from the body and keeping your body clean and free of toxic substances, but the infectious virus attacks its tissues, leading to its damage. As a result, the toxins fail to get drained out of the body, which can give rise to health complications.

Prevention: The risk of liver disease due to viral infections can be reduced by getting vaccinations. Vaccines immunize the body, which improves the individual’s ability to fight the infection effectively.

Genetics and inheritance

Liver-related problems can run in the family, as the parents pass the distorted genes to their offspring. These genes impact the liver function and affect its ability to get the toxins eliminated from the body. This causes the accumulation of toxins in the body, which affects the other organs. Genetic mutations lead to liver damage.

Obesity and overweight

Obese individuals have eating disorders. They find it difficult to lose weight because of their uncontrollable food cravings.They tend to consume fatty, oily, junk, and processed foods, which leads to rapid weight gain. This causes the accumulation of excess fats in their liver, leading to a condition known as fatty liver or Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This can cause serious liver damage, and its progression can lead to liver cirrhosis or liver cancer.

Prevention: It is necessary for obese individuals to adopt a healthy lifestyle. Diet and exercise are vital.They must avoid having fatty foods and increase their intake of vegetables and fruits.

Excessive intake of alcohol

Chronic drinkers are more prone to the risk of rapid liver damage. Persistent drinking of alcohol leads to the deposition of fats in the liver cells. The fats thus accumulated inflatethe liver and cause its enlargement. This condition is termed Alcoholic fatty liver disease, which leads to liver failure. Long-term alcohol intake can cause the development of conditions like alcoholic hepatitis and alcoholic cirrhosis.

Prevention: Alcohol addicts must give up their drinking habits. It might be difficult to stop drinking altogether, so you can limit your consumption and drink it in moderation.

Medications

Certain medications (prescription/non-prescription) can cause gradual damage to the liver. This can be a side effect of these medications, which can slowly affect the liver over time and impair its function.

Prevention: You should stop the overuse of OTC medications. Its long-term use can contribute to liver damage. Some prescription medications taken for treating chronic conditions can also lead to liver damage, therefore, you must talk to your doctor and become aware of possible side effects of taking the medications.

Tumors

Sometimes the formation of tumors inside the liver can lead to liver cancer. The tumor is formed because of the rapid multiplication of the cells of the liver. The cells might grow and develop abnormally, which leads to tumorous growth. The tumor can be benign or malignant. If it is benign, then there is no need to worry, but if it is malign, then it can be cancerous, which spreads in the liver and might also affect other organs.

This is a life-long condition, which can be managed with the help of medications and positive lifestyle changes. If it is left untreated, the condition worsens due to its progression. Early treatment is necessary as it heals the damage and restores the healthy function of the liver. If there is a delay in the treatment and the damage has reached an advanced stage, then the healthcare provider will prescribe you to undergo a liver transplantation procedure.

The degree of damage can be found through diagnostic tests. These tests will also reveal the reason behind the liver damage. Diagnostic tests include blood sample tests, screening tests, and liver biopsy.

How To Treat An Overactive Bladder?

If you are suffering from involuntary bladder contractions or overactive bladder, which is making you run to the toilet several times a day, then you should get it treated immediately. For treating the condition, your urologist will generally suggest you get some diagnostic tests that will help them identify the root cause of untimely bladder contractions, which are causing urine incontinence. The appropriate treatment will be initiated once the exact cause is known.

Diagnostic tests

To perform the proper diagnosis and treatment, your urologist will recommend you get some tests done. These tests will reveal the true cause of involuntary bladder contractions that are causing urine to leak unusually. They will check your medical history, conduct a physical examination, order urine samples, and suggest some neurological examinations.

According to the Mayo Clinic website, your urologist will check for bladder abnormalities. They will do an assessment of your bladder function and how much time it takes to excrete the urine. These tests are called urodynamic tests and they include:

Measurement of urine flow rate – The measurement will be done with the help of a uroflowmetry test.To do so, you will be asked to urinate inside a device called a uroflowmeter. This device indicates the flow rate and generates the data in the form of a graph.It measures the amount and speed with which you empty the bladder. Also, it will check for any obstruction that is affecting the flow of urine.

Measurement of the volume of urine left in the bladder – This test checks the ability of your bladder, whether it becomes empty after passing urine,or if there is still some urine residue in it. To check for the same, the doctor will ask you to get an ultrasound scan, which will check if some urine is still left in the bladder after evacuation. It will help in finding out the amount of residual urine.

Cystometry tests – These tests measure the pressure exerted on the bladder muscles when the bladder gets filled by urine. It involves the insertion of thin tubes, called catheters, inside the bladder. One catheter is used to fill the bladder with some liquid while another tube has a pressure-measuring sensor attached to it, which measures the amount of pressure your bladder must exert to empty itself completely.

Based on the test reports, your doctor will suggest some appropriate combination of treatments to restore normal bladder function.

Treatment  

The involuntary contractions of your bladder can be managed with the help of a combination of treatments that can be conducted through medical assistance, and some can be performed at home. According to the Mayo Clinic, the treatments include:

Behavioral therapies

These include lifestyle modifications such as pelvic floor muscle training, bladder training, fitness healthy weight, and several clinical interventions. These are safe practices that do not have any side effects. Let us understand them in detail.

  • Kegels – Kegels are pelvic floor muscle strengthening exercises. These exercises are highly beneficial for people experiencing urine incontinence due to involuntary bladder movements. Kegels help in gaining better control over urinary incontinence and other pelvic floor problems.

Performing these exercises regularly will strengthen the pelvic floor muscles, which support the bladder, uterus, small intestine, and rectum.

  • Weight –Overweight individuals are more likely to experience problems with their bladder function. Obesity and excessive weight gain around the abdominal region exert too much pressure on the pelvic region. This exertion of excessive pressure might lead to the damage of organs present in the pelvic region. So, to prevent it, one must keep their weight in check.
  • Biofeedback – This technique involves the use of electrical sensors that help you learn to have better control over your pelvic floor muscles to avoid urine leakage. 
  • Intermittent catheterization – This is done under medical supervision. If the bladder is unable to evacuate the urine, the catheter can help in doing so.

Bladder injections

Some kind of protein will be injected right into the bladder tissues, which helps in relaxing the bladder muscles. This might relieve the urine incontinence problem for a while, usually up to 6 months, after that, one has to take the injections again.

Medications

Your healthcare provider will prescribe you certain medications that can alleviate your bladder problems and relieve the symptoms of urinary incontinence. These medications might produce some mild side effects, so you need to become aware of those by talking to your healthcare provider.

Nerve stimulation

This technique involves the insertion of a thin wire inside the sacral nerves through an implantation procedure. The wire helps regulate the nerve impulses of your bladder and manage its involuntary contractions.

Surgery

For individuals who fail to respond to all kinds of treatments done to improve their bladder function, surgery is the last option. This might involve performing surgery on the bladder to increase its capacity or another way is to surgically construct a replacement bladder.

After assessing the cause of your bladder problems, your healthcare provider will suggest some treatment in combination with some positive lifestyle changes.

 

How To Treat Liver Disease?

The liver disease must be treated early, during its initial phase, otherwise, it might progress and lead to liver cirrhosis (Scarring)and failure. The cause of liver damage can be attributed to factors like genetics, viral infections, chronic health conditions, obesity, or overweight, and chronic alcoholism.

Your healthcare provider will conduct diagnostic tests to identify the root cause of liver damage. These tests will also reveal the degree of damage that has occurred over time. When the reports are obtained after evaluation, they will begin the treatment.

The condition cannot be cured, but it can be managed well with treatments, which slows down the damage. The treat ments for liver disease are given below:

Medications

Since the causes of liver disease differ among individuals, the medications used to manage the causes are different. When the disease occurs because of viral infections, like Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, or Hepatitis C, then antiviral medications will be prescribed to kill off the virus and treat the infection. The medications are prescribed according to the cause of the disease

Liver transplant

When the damage is severe, has reached an advanced level, and cannot be managed with medications, then the only option is to get it replaced with a healthy one. Liver transplantation is an invasive procedure wherein the damaged liver is surgically removed, and the healthy liver of a donor is surgically placed.

Lifestyle changes

To prevent the risk of liver failure and cirrhosis, it is necessary to include some lifestyle changes that can have a powerful impact on your liver health. Those already on medications to treat their condition will be able to manage their condition very well with positive changes. And those who are healthy can prevent the risk of liver damage with these lifestyle changes that are given below:

  • Healthy diet – Consuming a healthy and balanced diet is beneficial for the healthy functioning of your liver. Being mindful of what you consume is necessary. You must stop consuming junk or processed food and eat only clean foods like plenty of vegetables and fruits.

You need to reduce your fat intake and eat more foods that are excellent sources of fiber. Clean foods will be easily digested, and they are free of toxic substances. Whereas, fatty, oily, and processed foods are loaded with toxins and wastes, and they can increase the strain on the liver. Therefore, switch to a clean and healthy diet and stick to it.

  • Exercise regularly – Engaging in moderate to intense aerobic activities for around 30 to 60 minutes every day will improve the liver’s capability to remove toxins and function properly.
  • Give up alcohol – Excessive intake of alcohol can lead to alcohol-related liver disease (ARLD). The person may not even show any symptoms of liver damage until the damage reaches the advanced stage.Alcohol can cause the accumulation of fats in the liver, which leads to its enlargement. Besides, it can also give rise to other problems such as alcoholic hepatitis and cirrhosis.
  • Quit smoking – The toxic substances present in cigarette smoke can contribute to liver damage. While filtering the blood, the liver toxins will be separated by the liver to eliminate them from the body. These cause liver tissue damage and gradually impair liver function.

Who is at risk of developing liver disease?

  • Medications or supplements – Certain types of medications and supplements can contribute to liver dysfunction. The side effects can impair the liver function and lead to liver disease. It is necessary to avoid excessive use of OTC medicines. Some prescription drugs might also cause liver-related problems, you need to discuss this with your doctor before using the drugs.
  • Exposure to toxins – Processed, junk, and fatty foods such as red meat, cheese, etc. are poor choices for the liver. Your diet must include more vegetables and fruits.
  • Chronic drinkers – Alcohol is the main culprit of liver damage. One must avoid its abuse.
  • Chronic health conditions – People with life-long health conditions like hypertension (high blood pressure), obesity, diabetes, etc. are highly prone to liver disease. They must take extra care.
  • Family history – Those with a family history of liver-related disorders are more likely to develop this condition. It is necessary for such individuals to implement positive lifestyle habits very early on.

The right time to see your doctor

People having liver disease may remain asymptomatic, and when the disease reaches some advanced stage, it might start giving indications. But you should see your doctor in case experience some symptoms that include:

  • Yellowing of the white of the eyes and skin.
  • Changes in the color of urine and stools.
  • Pain in the upper right region of the abdomen.
  • Swelling in arms and legs.

The lowdown

Liver disease can occur due to various reasons. It can be managed with the help of medications and lifestyle changes. However, if the disease has reached a severe stage and has caused the most damage, then the doctor will prescribe a liver transplantation procedure.

How To Test For Liver Disease?

A life-long condition like liver disease can be managed with early treatment, which can be done through medications and lifestyle changes. Treatment prevents the progression of the disease and maintains the healthy function of the liver. Your healthcare provider will prescribe you appropriate treatment based on the type of liver disease, cause, degree of damage, etc.

For prescribing the right treatment, your healthcare provider will conduct your physical examination and get to know about your general health by asking you several questions. After gathering the necessary information, they will suggest some diagnostic tests, which are as follows:

Blood tests – Your doctor will order blood sample tests that will help them identify the root cause of the symptoms you are experiencing. These tests will provide a detailed analysis of the liver damage. The degree of damage and severity will be evaluated by measuring the levels of certain proteins and enzymes present in your blood sample.

Moreover, your liver releases some proteins to protect itself against any damage. In the blood tests examination, they will detect whether your liver is producing this protein and if so, then in what amount.

This test is done to confirm the liver damage because the liver might act up for a short time and get back to its healthy function. Blood tests will reveal if the person has got his liver damaged or has an absolutely healthy liver.

Imaging tests – Screening tests have different methods. They help in finding the degree of damage, size, and function of the liver. The healthcare provider will also prescribe the patient these tests during the treatment, to assess the improvement and whether the liver is responding to the treatment. Various types of imaging tests for liver disease are as follows:

CT scan – A computerized tomography (CT) test will reveal whether there is a presence of tumors and cancers in the liver. This technology uses radiation, which scans detailed images of the liver and blood vessels. It can also check if the person has fatty liver disease.

MRI scan – A magnetic resonance imaging scan test will detect whether the liver is acting up because of some infection, fatty liver disease, tumors, and other reasons. Basically, these techniques help in determining the root cause of Liver disease.

Ultrasound elastography – This type of test utilizes ultrasound technology, that checks for the scars on the liver. The scars can affect all the healthy tissues and spread throughout the entire liver, leading to cirrhosis. This test checks for the degree of damage caused because of scarring.

Magnetic resonance elastography – This technique is a combination of MRI and ultrasound technology, which generates detailed and structured images of the liver and checks for fibrosis.

Liver biopsy – This test reveals the liver conditions and the extent of damage. It involves the removal of samples of tissues from the liver. The tissues are then checked under the microscope to detect the presence of disease and infection. This is also helpful in detecting the presence of tumors due to abnormal growth of cells and the degree of damage to the liver. According to the Mayo Clinic website, liver biopsies are of three types, which are:

Percutaneous biopsy – This technique involves the insertion of a small needle inside the liver. Some medication is first applied to the area to numb the surface, such that the pain might not be felt. The biopsy needle is inserted, which takes a few seconds. The patient will be asked to hold their breath while inserting the needle. The needle after insertion is withdrawn quickly.

Trans jugular biopsy – The patient is asked to lie on their back and the medication that numbs the area is applied to one side of the neck. A plastic tube is inserted in the jugular vein through an incision. The tube is then threaded down into a large vein in the liver and a contrast liquid is injected. Then X-ray images of the liver will be scanned.

Laparoscopic biopsy – In this type of biopsy, small incisions will be made in the abdomen to insert some tools along with a tiny camera attached to it, inside the liver. The tiny camera helps with the insertion of tools in the right spot. The tool collects the tissue sample, and the incisions are covered through stitches.

Your healthcare provider will suggest a combination of diagnostic tests, which will help them with the identification of the exact cause of liver disease and the level of damage that has already occurred to the liver. Once they obtain accurate data and reports of the liver disease tests, they will begin the appropriate treatment.

The treatment will involve medications and some necessary lifestyle changes. However, if the damage is serious, then they will suggest a liver transplant, which is done through surgical procedures.

What Is Myasthenia Gravis?

Myasthenia gravis (MG) is generally an autoimmune disorder that causes the weakening of the skeletal muscles. It is a chronic condition, which weakens the muscles by hindering communication between nerves and muscles. This condition usually affects the voluntary muscles of the body, especially the muscles that control the movement of the eyes, and muscles that are present in the mouth, throat, and limbs.

Symptoms of Myasthenia Gravis

This disorder targets the voluntary muscles of the body. When that weak muscle is used, it can exacerbate the condition. It is a progressive condition, which may go away for some time and reappear. This might keep happening again and again. After adequate resting of the muscle, the person may feel relief for some time.

As the condition mostly affects the muscles in the eyes, throat, mouth, and limbs, it can make it difficult to swallow or breathe. Some common symptoms of this chronic disease are as follows:

  • Heaviness in the eyelids or droopy eyes.
  • Double vision, known as diplopia.
  • Blurred vision.
  • Difficulty with chewing and swallowing.
  • Speech impairment.
  • Weakness in neck or limbs.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Changes in facial expressions.

Muscle weakness might worsen with each passing day, and if the person does not take enough rest, then the condition can become severe. Resting can be helpful in restoring muscle strength, as it gets to recharge itself during the resting period.

Causes of Myasthenia Gravis

According to the different studies, the factors that can lead to this chronic disease are:

Antibodies –For voluntary action to happen, the receptors of the muscles must receive the signals from the nerves present in your brain. The brain releases chemicals, known as neurotransmitters, which carry the signal to the receptor sites in the muscles.

In the person affected with myasthenia gravis, the immune system releases antibodies that damage the muscle receptor sites and prevent the transmission of signals from the brain. As the muscles fail to get the signal, the muscles remain non-responsive to the brain’s signals. This causes the weakening of the muscles.

Thymus gland

This gland is present in the chest, between the lungs. It is a part of the immune system and is responsible for making white blood cells (WBCs), called lymphocytes, which protect your body from infectious pathogens. The thymus also produces antibiotics and in myasthenia gravis patients, it is quite larger in size than usual.

As per the National Institutes of Health, in myasthenia gravis patients, this gland might interfere with the neurotransmitter action. It may block the muscle receptor from receiving the signals for developing immune cells. However, it sends wrong signals instead, which causes the immune system to attack its own cells and tissues and produce acetylcholine receptor antibodies to destroy the neuromuscular transmission.

Myasthenic crisis – This is a condition that arises when the muscle that supports and controls your breathing function gets severely damaged. It is a crisis situation as the patient needs ventilator support for breathing.

Factors that contribute to the worsening of Myasthenia Gravis

  • Stress – Some studies revealed that people with stress and depression disorders experience intense symptoms due to muscle damage. Mental health disorders like stress, depression, and anxiety can exacerbate the condition.
  • Fatigue – It is quite common among people with MG. They lack the motivation to do physical exercise and prefer a sedentary life. This can lead to loss of muscle strength even more.
  • Illness or infection – MG can get triggered due to infections. This happens because the immune system is already weak and if some infectious pathogens enter your body, it can make it even worse.
  • Surgery – Exacerbation of MG can happen after some surgical procedures too.
  • Pregnancy – The condition worsens as the females gain weight during pregnancy and tend to be more fatigued.
  • Medications – Side effects of certain medications can make it worse. Such medications include antibiotics, anesthetics, beta-blockers, quinine gluconate, quinine, phenytoin, etc.

Who is more likely to develop this disease?

According to the National Institutes of Health, this disorder can arise in people regardless of age. However, it is quite common and more frequently seen in females who are younger than 40 and males who are above 60. This condition is not contagious, and it does not even run in the family. The factors that cause this disease have nothing to do with inheritance.

Rarely, this disease might get passed on from a mother to the developing baby in the womb. Babies of females diagnosed with MG are more susceptible to the condition. The antibodies produced by the mother’s body may enter the placenta and affect the baby. This can make the baby very weak, and they may have difficulty sucking, and breathing.

Diagnosis and treatment

The healthcare provider will conduct your physical examination and ask you some general questions regarding your medical history and symptoms and their duration, etc. Further, they will suggest some tests to check your neurological health and response. Based on the diagnostics tests, they will prescribe some appropriate treatment, which might include – medications, therapies, or surgery.

How To Stop A Migraine?

Before a migraine happens, it gives several indications. These indications are nothing but pre-migraine symptoms, which let you know that a migraine attack is about to occur very soon.Migraine causes unbearable headaches that interrupt your daily activities.

To stop a migraine from happening, you need to understand and recognize these pre-migraine symptoms. These might include – a heightened sensitivity to light and sounds, mood swings, food cravings, muscle pain, fatigue, difficulty concentrating, indigestion, and increased urinary frequency.

If you notice a symptom, know that the migraine is about to happen. It is time to take extra care and try to avoid these triggers. Given below are effective ways in which you can prevent a migraine from surfacing:

Take medications.

Migraine is a neurological disorder that causes intense headaches. It is necessary to seek treatment. Your healthcare provider will prescribe certain medications that can be helpful in preventing migraines. If the medication is taken at the right time, you will be able to stop migraine.

Take pain reliever medications.

The pre-migraine symptoms can be managed with the help of prescription or non-prescription medications. Treating these symptoms will reduce the chances of experiencing a migraine attack. It is better to use prescription medications than some OTC options.

Find a quiet place to relax.

When you see the triggers, you just need to stop and take some rest. It is necessary to rest in a quiet place and while resting, do not use any electronic devices such as mobile phones, laptops, etc. Which can disturb your peace and worsen the triggers.

While resting you must do some mindful breathing exercises, which will bring calmness to your mind and body. Meditation is touted as the most effective player in headache pain management. It can be beneficial in preventing migraine triggers.

Dim the lights.

Increased sensitivity to light is the most common symptom of migraine. It is also termed photophobia, which makes the person feel uncomfortable in the bright lights. Such people may find it difficult to step out into the sun and sit in a room with bright lights on.

If you are a working professional and have to spend the majority of your time on a computer screen, then make use of anti-glare screens. These screens prevent the bright light of the monitor from affecting you by leading to headaches. The screen disperses the light and reduces its intensity and protects your eyes from straining.

Sip acaffeinated beverage.

Tea or coffee are excellent sources of caffeine, which is a component that can subside the pre-migraine symptoms and eliminate the possibility of migraine attacks. A cup of either coffee or tea can be taken when you start experiencing the pre-migraine triggers.

Do not take more than two cups, otherwise, excessive caffeine intake can lead to withdrawal headaches, which can cause sleep deprivation later.

Take a shower.

Taking a warm or cool bath will be helpful in relieving the triggers that you experience before migraines. Bathing can have a therapeutic effect on the symptoms. It can alleviate the throbbing pain and prevent the progression of it.

Try temperature therapy.

Temperature therapy can be given by compresses. It can have a numbing effect on the pain. You can place the compress on your forehead and on the back of your neck. This will numb the area and alleviate the sensation of pain.

You can use warm or cold compresses. Warm compresses increase the flow of blood and supply nutrients to the area of the body, whereas cold compresses slow the blood flow and help alleviate the pain and swelling.

Do yoga.

Certain yoga postures can relieve migraine triggers. It can also reduce the frequency of migraines and alleviate their severity as well. It is a powerful therapy that slows down your blood pressure and eliminates the stress and tension in the body. To stop the manifestation of a migraine attack,you must do any of the yoga exercises that are listed below:

  • Shavasana (corpse pose)
  • Hastapadasana (Standing forward bend)
  • Shashankasana (Rabbit pose)
  • Shisuasana (Child pose)

Manage stress.

Stress worsens the symptoms of migraine and speeds up the progression of it. It has to be managed by providing an outlet for such negative emotions. You can do so by doing some activities that make you feel calm and relaxed. It can be anything, taking a short walk, listening to some great music, talking to someone, sitting for a few minutes in meditation, etc. Just knowing how to control the stress will be extremely helpful in dodging the migraine.

With the help of these remedies, you will be able to prevent the manifestation of a migraine attack from migraine triggers. You have to become aware of the triggers that you usually experience before it progresses into migraine. You have to note down the various triggers that you suffer, as when they occur again, you will be able to successfully manage them and prevent their progression.

How To Reverse Myasthenia Gravis?

A chronic condition like myasthenia gravis (MG) cannot be cured as it is a life-long medical condition, but it can be managed very well. It is an autoimmune disorder that impairs the function of voluntary muscles. Its early detection reduces the risk of complications. Reversal of this condition can be done by implementing some positive lifestyle changes and getting timely treatment.

This disorder affects the muscles, which gives rise to difficulties with breathing and swallowing. If the condition becomes severe, the person may develop serious issues with breathing and swallowing, and hence they will require some external support for both these functions.

In combination with the treatment, it is necessary to cultivate some habits, which will prevent the worsening of the disease by slowing down its progression. According to the Mayo Clinic website and some other sources, several habits that can help manage the condition are as follows:

Make changes in your mealtime routine.

Due to the weakness in the muscles, your ability to chew and swallow food might be majorly affected. These difficulties can be managed by making some changes and some adjustments to your eating routine. If you feel your muscles are weak then switch your mealtime to the time when your muscles are strong, and you can chew the food.

You can eat small portions of meals several times a day, rather than taking a big meal. This will make it easier for muscles. The muscles will not get overworked and remain strong. Also, make sure you eat something soft and easy to chew, in this way, there will be less strain on your muscles.

Take rest breaks several times a day.

Resting is essential for myasthenia gravis patients. It is a kind of restorative activity for your muscles, as it allows the muscles to become relaxed and recharge. After a period of resting, the muscles might be able to perform better. The most important thing is nighttime sleep. You need to prioritize your sleep.

Besides, take some naps by planning and scheduling snooze sessions in the daytime.Identify the time of the day when your muscles are most active and schedule your tasks according to that. Practice stillness and mindfulness and sit in silence for a while.

Make use of tools to ease your work.

You can preserve your energy with the help of tools and electrical appliances. For example, to increase your comfort you can use a dishwasher machine instead of doing the utensils with your hands, get an electric toothbrush, use a vacuum cleaner, take support of a walker or wheelchair, and so on. These automatic appliances will help you to increase your comfort.

Let your eyes relax.

Long screen time can lead to the weakening of your eye muscles. Those who work for long hours on screen might experience strain in the eye muscles. It is necessary to reduce screen time and give your eyes some rest. In case you have double vision, which is a symptom of MG, you must use an eye patch to cover one eye. It will reduce eyestrain.

Seek help and support.

Your disability might not be understandable by everyone unless you let them become aware of your difficulties. Most people may have no idea what MG is. You have to talk to them and tell them about the condition and how some tasks and activities are physically draining for you. In this way, you can make adjustments and someone else can replace you.

What are the symptoms of Myasthenia Gravis?

The symptoms of this disorder can be managed with the help of medications or other treatments and lifestyle changes. The condition affects the function of voluntary muscles of the body. The muscles that get impaired are eye muscles, muscles of the throat or mouth, and limbs. The worsening of this condition can give rise to serious difficulties with breathing, chewing, and swallowing.

When the muscle is used excessively, it can become very weak. Since MG is a chronic condition, it gets worse with time. These difficulties might suddenly become worse and sometimes they might be alleviated on their own. The way to prevent these difficulties is through resting. The muscles can get reenergized by resting. Some common symptoms of this condition are listed below:

  • Heaviness in the eyelids or droopy eyes.
  • Blurred vision.
  • Double vision, called diplopia.
  • Difficulty with chewing, swallowing, and breathing.
  • Speech impairment.
  • Weakness in neck or limbs.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Changes in facial expressions, for example, a smile can look like a snarl.

Diagnostic tests and treatment

Treatment and lifestyle factors both are necessary to manage the condition and reverse its progression. Your healthcare provider will perform diagnostic tests, wherein they will analyze your neurological health, order blood sample reports, and conduct several other screening tests for confirmation. They will suggest some appropriate treatment, which can bed one with the use of medications, but in some cases, the person might need therapies and even surgeries.

How To Help A Migraine

A migraine attack does not happen suddenly, it gives several indications before it finally begins. These indications are the triggers that progress and worsen with time and lead to migraine headaches. During a migraine attack, the person experiences intense headaches. The throbbing pain negatively impacts the person’s life by affecting their day-to-day activities.

To prevent migraines from happening, one needs to become aware of when certain triggers appear. These triggers are the warning signs that a migraine is about to happen. Identification of triggers is necessary to avoid migraines. Given below are some ways in which you can reverse a migraine quickly and effectively deal with it:

Take some rest.

If a migraine happens while you are doing some work, then stop doing it right away and take a rest. You can continue doing the activity once you manage the condition and overcome it. When you are in a public place, then find some quiet place to sit and relax. Resting is essential, otherwise, it may become intense because of rapid movements or continual activity.

Give yourself a massage.

Gently massage your forehead, temples, and neck area in a circular motion. Massaging will relieve muscle tension and reduce stress. Focus on the areas that are causing throbbing pain. Application of pressure on these areas will alleviate the pain. You can also get to know about some acupressure points that can relieve the pain and bring relief.

Use medications.

You can make use of some over the counter (OTC) medicine, which will subside the pain. It is better to seek treatment in case you are experiencing severe symptoms of migraines. Your healthcare provider will prescribe some medications that can prevent the worsening of the headaches.

Drink some water.

Dehydration can be a potential reason for migraines. You must drink some water and keep yourself hydrated throughout the day. This will reduce the frequency of migraines. Carry a bottle of water with you. When you start experiencing the symptoms of a migraine, sip some water first.

Sip a cup of coffee or tea.

Tea and coffee contain caffeine, which is a component that can help with pain management. Caffeine has vasoconstrictive properties, which cause the blood vessels in the brain to become narrow and limit the flow of blood. This leads to the reduction of the pain.

Turn off the lights.

Keep your mobile phone aside for a while or if you are working on a computer, just shut it down until you recover from the migraine pain. The lights from the screen can exacerbate the throbbing pain even more.

Bright light can make the symptoms worse, so, dim the lights or it is even better to sit in a dark room for some time. Since a person with migraine develops high sensitivity to light. Therefore, avoiding sunlight or bright lights while you are experiencing triggers is necessary.

Use temperature therapy.

Cold and warm compresses are highly beneficial. You can use either of these. You just have to place the pack on your forehead and the back of your neck. This will produce a soothing and numbing effect and the pain will get reduced to a greater degree and eventually, it will disappear.

Stop chewing for some time.

Chewing can cause continuous movement of your jaw, which can make the headaches intense. You have to sit still without moving your jaw. Chewing gums must be avoided during such a situation, otherwise, the continuous and persistent movement of the jaw can make migraines more frequent.

Do some meditation.

Meditation involves mindful breathing exercises, which calm the mind and the body. As you focus on your breathing, your attention will automatically get shifted and you forget about the pain. Meditation relieves stress and alleviates pain. You just have to bring your awareness to your breathwork and breathe deeply. This will enhance relaxation and reverse migraine.

After trying every remedy that is listed above, if you are still unable to overcome the throbbing pain due to migraines, then it is better to see your healthcare provider. They will prescribe you some medications based on the severity of your condition. One can manage mild to moderate degrees of migraine with this technique, but in case of severe migraines, it is necessary to seek treatment in combination with these remedies.

How To Get Rid Of A Migraine?

Migraine causes intense headaches. It gives several indications before it even begins. By paying attention to the pre-migraine symptoms, one can prevent migraines from happening. Also, some remedies and healthy habits might as well be extremely helpful in getting rid of it.

Although one can get the treatment in case of severe migraine, some general ways to tackle migraines are given below:

Dim the lights.

Individuals having migraines develop sensitivity to light and sounds. They can worsen the symptoms and severity. Exposure to bright lights and flickering lights can trigger amigraine attack. Those who work for long hours may spend extensive hours with their eyes glued to the computermonitor, which increases their screen time. This can contribute to throbbing head pain and nausea. One can prevent it by making use of anti-glare screens on their computer, which reflect the light and protect your eyes.

Moreover, those who get headaches due to daylight can use sunglasses while stepping out and put blackout curtains to block the bright lights in the room. Dimming the lights and relaxing in a quiet and dark room will enhance comfort and provide relief from migraine symptoms.

Have a caffeinated drink.

Caffeine is a substance that can ease pain and produce a soothing sensation. You can drink coffee or tea, which are sources of caffeine. When you start experiencing the symptoms of pre-migraine, you can drink a cup of any caffeinated drink, which will eliminate the migraine attack. Make sure you do not overdo it, a cup or two will do.

Get a full night’s sleep.

Individuals having migraines must fix their sleep schedule and get adequate rest. Sleeping at the same time every day will help you to remain consistent and reinforce the body’s sleep-wake cycle. Avoid any such thing that can interfere with your sleep and keep you awake at night, it can be anything like alcohol, nicotine, caffeine, heavy meals, exercise before bedtime, etc.

Some soothing and relaxing music, a warm bath, or meditation can help you unwind and make it easier to fall asleep. Keep your environment cozy and comfortable, which will allow you to attain utmost relaxation and a good night’s sleep.

Eat healthily.

Healthy eating habits will reduce migraine symptoms. It is necessary to eat at the same time regularly. Do not skip your meals, as it might cause a disturbance. Being consistent with your eating schedule will allow you to maintain a balanced diet and create a stable energy source. Try to include clean foods in your diet and avoid junk and processed foods, because such foods are generally hard to digest and can rob off your mental peace.

Exercise regularly.

Exercising boosts blood circulation throughout your body and releases mood-boosting hormones. It drives away stress and anxiety and helps attain physical and mental calmness. Stress and anxiety are the factors that can exacerbate the symptoms of migraine, but exercising on a regular basis alleviates these symptoms.

Try yoga.

Yoga involves mindful breathing techniques combined with physical postures. It calms your mind and body by releasing all the tension. When these exercises are performed regularly, the frequency of headaches due to migraines will be reduced.

Use a cold/warm compress.

Placing a cold pack or cold compress on the forehead and on the back of the neck will have therapeutic effects on individuals experiencing severe headaches. It can produce a numbing effect, which distracts the brain from migraine. Besides, you can also use a warm compress, which will increase the relaxation of the tense muscles and enhance soothing sensations.

Manage stress.

Stress is very common, but chronic stress can lead to anxiety and cause an imbalance in your mind and body. It makes the symptoms of migraines even worse, which is why it is necessary to manage the stress. You can do some mindful deep breathwork exercises that will bring down your stress level and anchor your attention in the present moment.

You can also use your creativity to channel your stress and release it. Doing some creative activities such as painting, gardening, cooking, etc. can provide an outlet for stuck emotions and increase your relaxation.

Stay hydrated.

Busy work schedules or responsibilities may get you completely absorbed, and you may forget to drink enough water. Lack of hydration can lead to headaches and make the symptoms of migraine terrible, so remember to drink plenty of water.

These are simple remedies that can have a profound effect on those facing difficulties due to migraines.Incorporating these remedies and making them a part of lifestyle can be beneficial, as they can alleviate the symptoms of migraines and might prevent attacks as well.

One can manage mild to moderate symptoms with these remedies, however, in case of severe migraine, one necessarily needs treatment. Usually, the healthcare provider will prescribe medication to manage the intense headaches, but a combination of these remedies with the treatment will obtain better results.

How To Cure Migraines Permanently?

A chronic neurological condition like migraines does not have any permanent cure, butthe symptoms can be significantly reduced and prevented from getting worse through treatment and home remedies. This incurable condition is manageable to a great extent. Its frequency can be controlled too.

During migraines, the person experiences frequent and long-lasting episodes of intense headaches, and throbbing pain in their forehead, temples, and neck. Before a migraine occurs, the person gets several indications, which are the pre-migraine triggers. You can stop a migraine by acknowledging the triggers. Following are the ways in which one can alleviate the migraine pain:

Take medications on time – Migraines are manageable when you combine home remedies with treatment. Your healthcare provider will prescribe you some medications to alleviate the pain. They may also prescribe some medications to control the pre-migraine symptoms, which will stop the progression of symptoms into migraines.

The medications can be in the form of pills, shots, or nasal sprays. They work by constricting the blood vessels and blocking the pathways in the brain. Vasoconstriction in the brain relieves the ache and reduces the throbbing pain.

Watch what you eat – Certain types of foods can contribute to the reduction of migraine headaches. It is necessary to control your diet if you wish to manage your condition well. It may not happen suddenly, but for the desired improvement, you have to follow a diet regularly.

According to the Healthline website, adding foods that are rich sources of magnesium and omega-3 fatty acids will reinforce the management of the condition. Also, those who follow a ketogenic diet, which is a diet that involves low carbohydrates and high fat, will be able to overcome frequent migraines.

Drink plenty of water – Dehydration is the most common trigger for migraines. Lack of hydration gives rise to frequent migraine headaches. This is why it is necessary to keep yourself hydrated by drinking plenty of water. Adequate hydration levels help in alleviating the symptoms or triggers of migraines.

Perform yoga – Yoga is a mind and body balancing practice, which relieves all the stress and tension. Yoga is a combination of mindful breathing and physical postures that can be beneficial in preventing migraines. It brings down stress and anxiety, which are the contributors to intense headaches. Yoga is an amazing therapy for those who suffer from migraines.

Get enough sleep – Various studies have revealed that lack of sleep or poor quality of sleep can worsen the triggers of migraine attacks. The hormones go out of balance, which is why the pain can be felt more intensely. One must sleep at the same time regularly, as the body gets used to the time, which causes the person to fall asleep easily.

Manage stress – Stress is one of the most common triggers of migraines. Learning to manage stress will give you visible results, as you will see that the frequency of migraines has reduced significantly. There are several techniques that can be helpful in eliminating stress. You can do meditation, put on peaceful music, go for a walk, do some leisure activities, etc.

Use temperature therapy – To perform this you can prefer cold packs or warm packs compresses for numbing the pain. When you place the compress on the pain area, the blood vessels constrict, which limits the flow of blood through them. Due to restrictions in the flow of blood, the pain becomes dull and subsides. You can place the compresses on your forehead, temple, and on the back of your neck.

Find a quiet room to relax – You might become highly sensitive to the noises, which can trigger migraine symptoms. So, you must shut out the noises and relax in a quiet room. Do not go to places that have loud music on, as you can easily get a migraine.

Dim the lights – Brightness and harsh lights can also be a trigger to migraine attacks. The person might develop photosensitivity which potentiates the risk of migraine headaches. You can turn off the lights and sit for a while in a dark room if you begin to experience some discomfort. Also, while stepping out in the sun, you can make use of sunglasses, which will prevent the light from causing headaches.

Identify your triggers – You have to become aware of your triggers and the patterns of symptoms. By doing so, you will be able to prevent a migraine attack from happening in the middle of something important.

The lowdown

Migraine is a chronic neurological condition that is incurable. Mild and moderate degrees of headaches can be managed with home remedies and lifestyle changes, but severe migraines require medical attention. It can be a symptom of some underlying condition, which is why it needs to be examined.

Your healthcare provider will prescribe medications to overcome the throbbing pain and reduce the frequency of migraine attacks. Also, home remedies and lifestyle changes are as important too, as they can contribute to the treatment.

How Is Osteoporosis Diagnosed?

For performing diagnostic tests, your healthcare provider will first note down your age, lifestyle habits, history of any fractures, chronic health conditions, medications you are taking, family history of osteoporosis, symptoms,etc. They will record this information and prescribe you some screening tests. According to the Mayo Clinic website, the diagnostic tests that are generally suggested for the treatment of osteoporosis are as follows:

Bone density tests

The healthcare provider will perform a bone density test to check for the following:

  • To confirm osteoporosis.
  • To check bone health and the risk of fractures.
  • To determine the risk of developing osteoporosis in the future.
  • To initiate and monitor osteoporosis treatment.

Osteoporosis makes the bones become brittle and porous from the inside, which makes them highly prone to breakage and sudden fractures.A bone density test will check for the health of the bones and determine whether the person is experiencing the symptoms of osteoporosis.

The tests are conducted with X-rays, which scan a segment of bone and help in finding the calcium density and several other minerals that are essential for bone health. Commonly, the X-ray-scanned images of the spine, hip, and forearm regionsare tested for bone analysis.

Moreover, the risk of developing osteoporosis is higher among women after menopause. This happens because, after menopause, the estrogen levels start declining, which impacts bone health and makes them prone to sudden fractures due to the weakening of bones. However, men can also get diagnosed with osteoporosis. The healthcare provider will recommend tests in the following cases:

  • Fractures – If you have got some bone fractured, chances are, they might be weak and fragile, which hasled to the easy fracture. It depends on how you got the fracture, because people with osteoporosis may get fractures just by sneezing, bending, or even coughing.
  • Loss of height – As per the National Institutes of Health, if a person loses more than 2 inches of height, then that is a significant predictor of osteoporosis.
  • Hormone deficiency – The drop in the sex hormones that are estrogen in females and testosterone in males can lead to bone density loss.
  • Medications – The side effects of certain medications contribute to the loss of bone density and health.CT scan

Computed Tomography (CT) is a non-invasive diagnostic imaging procedure that combines a series of X-ray images to generatecross-sectional images of the bones. This test obtains finer details of the bones compared to standard X-ray scans. You will be recommended to get a CT scan by your healthcare provider to determine any bone-related disorders such as fractures and tumors.

CT scan tests expose the body to ionizingradiation that detects internal injuries, traumas, and fractures. These tests do have potential risks;therefore, it is necessary to become aware of them by talking to the healthcare provider.

Ultrasound

Ultrasound, also known as diagnostic medical sonography, generates images of your internal organs with the help of sound waves. This is done using an ultrasound device which works by measuring how sound waves move through the bones. It determines the bone density and bone quality.

Treatment

To prevent the condition of your bones from worsening any further and to restore their strength and health, your doctor will prescribe some common types of medications. The medications and treatments used to manage osteoporosis are given below:

  • Bisphosphonates – These are the group of medications that slow down bone loss. Healthcare providers commonly prescribe these medications for improving bone density and restoring bone strength. They can lead to some commonside effects, which include abdominal pain, nausea, fever, headache, etc.
  • Bone-building medications – These medications stimulate the growth of new bones. These are available in the form of oral medications and injections. Those who have suffered bone loss and fractures are prescribed these bone-building medications by their healthcare provider.
  • Denosumab injections – These are prescribed mostly to postmenopausal women having osteoporosis. These are shots, which help in reducing the risk of fractures and bone loss. When the medications fail to give effects, then the doctor may prescribe these shots. They do have some side effects such as joint pain and muscle pain in the arms or legs.
  • Hormonal therapies – With aging, the levels of sex hormones in the body start declining naturally. Women, especially menopausal are at higher risk of developing osteoporosis. This happens because of the decrease in the levels of estrogen. Similarly, men after a certain age start losing testosterone hormone, which potentiates their risk of bone loss and fractures.

Lifestyle changes to manage osteoporosis

In addition to using medications and other treatment techniques, it is equally important to make some changes in your lifestyle. Given below are some factors that must be combined with medical treatment.

  • Exercise – Performing some weight-bearing or aerobic exercises along with some strength training exercises will be beneficial for strengthening your bones. Such activities can be done during the initial stages of osteoporosis, but when the damage is severe, and the bones are prone to fracture then one must never perform any exercise without asking the doctor. Some physical activities are not appropriate for individuals with osteoporosis. To know which are safe, one must work closely with a physical therapist.
  • Diet –Eating calcium-rich foods can replenish lost bone mass. In addition to that, foods that contain vitamin D must also be eaten, which helps with calcium absorption in the body. Foods that are loaded with calcium are Leafy green vegetables,spinach, kale, broccoli, dairy products, soybeans, and calcium-fortified cereals. Those with vitamin D include dairy products, eggs, yogurt, mushrooms, oily fish, and oranges.
  • Sunlight – Expose your skin to sunlight every day for a few minutes. This will stimulate the release of vitamin D in the body, which will boost calcium absorption and improve bone health.
  • Give up substance abuse – Alcohol, cigarettes, and recreational drugs can have a negative impact on bone health.

How Do You Get Leprosy?

Hansen’s disease or leprosy disease does not usually spread very easily. Especially when the person who is having it and is being treated for the same, is less likely to spread the disease. Those who have the disease and are not getting treatment can spread the disease to others.

It usually gets transmitted through the air. The infected person releases the tiny droplets which contain the Mycobacterium leprae, the bacteria that causes the disease. These bacteria get released into the air when the infected person simply breathes, coughs, and sneezes openly.

The bacteria released contaminates the environment and people who are around the infected person may inhale the tiny droplets, which can potentiate their chances of developing the disease. The disease can also happen after sexual contact with the infected person.

Even if a healthy person inhales the droplets through the air, their body may fight off the bacteria due to a strong immune response. People with high immunity may not get easily affected by the infectious bacteria, as their body is capable of warding off the disease.

Should you have a fear of contagion?

Leprosy is not that contagious. It is not easily spread from person to person. A normal individual is capable of warding off the leprosy bacteria with their immune system’s quick response. Those with weak immunity may not be able to keep themselves protected against the disease. The disease usually spreads when you are in close physical proximity to the infected individual. So, try to avoid being around an infected individual.

In case you cannot help but be around them even for a short time, then you must see your doctor immediately. People with poor immunity are more prone to infection. Early diagnosis and treatment will prevent the progression of the disease and will eventually reduce the risk of health complications. Additionally,children are more susceptible to infection, therefore, they need extra care and attention.

What are the symptoms of leprosy?

According to the Cleveland Clinic, the person with leprosy may show some main symptoms that are listed below:

  • Appearance of painless patches on the skin, which are lighter than the normal skin tone.
  • The patches on the skin cause loss of sensation or numbness.
  • Numbness and loss of sensation in the arms, legs, feet, and hands because of nerve damage.
  • Lump formation all over the skin.
  • Muscle weakness.

Some people may also experience several additional symptoms of this disease, which include:

  • Enlargement of peripheral nerves.
  • Loss of eyebrows and eyelashes.
  • Thickening and stiffening of skin.
  • Nasal congestion and nose bleeding.

Those with an advanced stage might experience some severe symptoms of the disease, which are as follows:

  • Disfiguration of the nose due to nasal inner skin damage.
  • Loss of vision.
  • Paralysis and crippling of hands or feet.
  • Permanent damage to the legs and hands.
  • Appearance of ulcers on the bottom of the feet.
  • Shortening of the limbs, feet, and hands.

The progression of the disease potentiates the risk of health complications, such as kidney failure, blindness, hair loss, disfiguration of face, hands, and legs, erectile dysfunction in men, and severe muscle weakness. However, this can be prevented through treatment. The sooner the person takes action to get the diagnosis and treatment, the faster the recovery. Timely treatment will eliminate the risk of health complications due to disease progression.

The development of the symptoms might happen very slowly. The bacteria may take a long time to give indications. The person affected by the infection may be totally unaware of the underlying disease. The symptoms may appear after some years.

Generally, it takes between 3 to 5 years for the symptoms to be visible. Sometimes, it might even take a decade or two for the symptoms to show up. This makes the disease highly undetectable.

Diagnostic evaluation of leprosy

For performing a diagnostic test, your healthcare provider will conduct physical examinations and collect some samples from the skin, to be sent to the lab for further examinations. This procedure is known as skin biopsy, which involves the removal of a small portion of your skin and the specimen will be tested in the lab for confirming the disease and its type.

In case of nerve damage, the nerve sample will be sent for biopsy. The specimen will be checked under the microscope and several tests will be done on that, which will be helpful in ruling out the other types of skin disease.

Treatment of leprosy

Based on the diagnostic test report, your healthcare provider will prescribe you some medications for treatment. If the disease is affecting the skin, they will prescribe antibiotics, which are medications that prevent the progression of the infection. The treatment may involve a combination of several medications, as it might require more than one type of drug to control and cure the condition. One must get the condition treated in time; otherwise, its progression can cause serious health damage.

 

 

What Is Leprosy?

Leprosy is generally a chronic health condition, which is caused by a type of bacteria known as Mycobacterium leprae. It affects the skin and peripheral nerves of the arms, legs, and other body parts. If it is left untreated, it becomes highly contagious and can be transmitted through the release of droplets from the nose and mouth while breathing, sneezing, or coughing.

Being in proximity to an individual who has this disease potentiates the risk of spreading. One must get timely treatment, otherwise, the disease will progress, leading to severe disfigurement and permanent disabilities.

The good news is that it is a curable condition. Its progression can be prevented with the help of antibiotics treatment. With timely treatment, the risk of complications and transmission of the disease can also be prevented.

Symptoms of leprosy

The disease mostly affects the skin and peripheral nerves that lie outside your brain and spinal cord. The individual who contracted this disease develops some main symptoms, such as skin sores,skin ulcers, lumps, and stubborn bumps that do not go away and persist for several weeks or months. The skin turns dry, stiff, and thick. The person may also get lumps or swelling on their face. The symptoms of nerve damage include:

  • Muscle weakness
  • Numbness and loss of feeling or sensation in the affected area
  • Vision problems

The person might develop the symptoms right away. It might take years for the disease to fully manifest. Some might experience the symptoms between 3 to 5 years or so, while others might remain asymptomatic for 20 years or so when the symptoms start showing. Since the duration of development of the disease is too long, it can be difficult to diagnose. One might live with the condition for years totally unaware.

Causes of leprosy

The bacteria that is responsible for causing the disease is Mycobacterium leprae. It is not highly contagious. However, it gets easily spread when the person has not taken the treatment in time and the disease has already caused significant damage.

It is an airborne disease. The bacteria spread when an infected individual releases tiny droplets in the air, which usually happens through breathing, sneezing, or coughing. The reason for the transmission of bacterium is contact with the nasal fluids of the individual affected by Mycobacterium leprae. So, one must keep a safe distance from a leprosy patient.

Diagnosis of leprosy

The healthcare provider will conduct the patient’s physical examination and collect some samples from the area of the skin that is affected. These samples will be sent to the laboratory for further examination to identify the cause. This process of collection of samples is known as skin biopsy. In addition to that, the healthcare provider will also perform several other tests on the patient’s skin to confirm the disease.

Treatment of leprosy

After performing the diagnostic tests, the healthcare provider will confirm the type of leprosy that the person has caught. They will prescribe some antibiotic medications to prevent the disease progression. They may prescribe the patient a combination of several different antibiotics, which is termed Multidrug therapy (MDT).

The drugs will be prescribed according to the severity of the disease. Those with mild to moderate degrees of leprosy will need fewer medications and duration of treatment, while those having severe forms of leprosy will be put on multiple antibiotic treatment and their treatment duration will be long.

The treatment for skin damage and nerve damage will be different. Skin damage will be treated with antibiotics while nerve damage requires another kind of treatment since antibiotics cannot treat nerve damage.

Complications

When treatment is not taken early, then the progression of the disease can give rise to complications such as:

  • Hair loss
  • Blindness
  • Infertility
  • Iritis
  • Disfiguration of the face and other body parts
  • Muscle weakness
  • Erectile dysfunction in men
  • Kidney failure
  • Severe nosebleeds due to damage to the nose
  • Severe and permanent nerve damage to legs, arms, and feet

Leprosy prevention

You need to maintain a safe distance from an individual affected by leprosy. Avoid physical proximity with them. If any friend of yours or any relative has caught the disease, then you must see your doctor immediately. The possibility of disease transfer is quite high in such cases. Early detection and timely treatment will eliminate your risk of developing the disease and related complications.

 

How To Cure Migraines Permanently?

A chronic neurological condition like migraines does not have any permanent cure, butthe symptoms can be significantly reduced and prevented from getting worse through treatment and home remedies. This incurable condition is manageable to a great extent. Its frequency can be controlled too.

During migraines, the person experiences frequent and long-lasting episodes of intense headaches, and throbbing pain in their forehead, temples, and neck. Before a migraine occurs, the person gets several indications, which are the pre-migraine triggers. You can stop a migraine by acknowledging the triggers. Following are the ways in which one can alleviate the migraine pain:

Take medications on time – Migraines are manageable when you combine home remedies with treatment. Your healthcare provider will prescribe you some medications to alleviate the pain. They may also prescribe some medications to control the pre-migraine symptoms, which will stop the progression of symptoms into migraines.

The medications can be in the form of pills, shots, or nasal sprays. They work byconstricting the blood vessels and blocking the pathways in the brain. Vasoconstriction in the brain relieves the ache and reduces the throbbing pain.

Watch what you eat – Certain types of foods can contribute to the reduction of migraine headaches. It is necessary to control your diet if you wish to manage your condition well. It may not happen suddenly, but for the desired improvement, you have to follow a diet regularly.

According to the Healthline website, adding foods that are rich sources of magnesium and omega-3 fatty acids will reinforce the management of the condition. Also, those who follow a ketogenic diet, which is a diet that involves low carbohydrates and high fat, will be able to overcome frequent migraines.

  1. Drink plenty of water – Dehydration is the most common trigger for migraines. Lack of hydration gives rise to frequent migraine headaches. This is why it is necessary to keep yourself hydrated by drinking plenty of water. Adequate hydration levels help in alleviating the symptoms or triggers of migraines.
  2. Perform yoga – Yoga is a mind and body balancing practice, which relieves all the stress and tension. Yoga is a combination of mindful breathing and physical postures that can be beneficial in preventing migraines. It brings down stress and anxiety, which are the contributors to intense headaches. Yoga is an amazing therapy for those who suffer from migraines.
  3. Get enough sleep – Various studies have revealed that lack of sleep or poor quality of sleep can worsen the triggers of migrain eattacks. The hormones go out of balance, which is why the pain can be felt more intensely. One must sleep at the same time regularly, as the body gets used to the time, which causes the person to fall asleep easily.
  4. Manage stress – Stress is one of the most common triggers of migraines. Learning to manage stress will give you visible results, as you will see that the frequency of migraines has reduced significantly. There are several techniques that can be helpful in eliminating stress. You can do meditation, put on peaceful music, go for a walk, do some leisure activities, etc.
  5. Use temperature therapy – To perform this you can prefer cold packs or warm packs compresses for numbing the pain. When you place the compress on the pain area, the blood vessels constrict, which limits the flow of blood through them. Due to restrictions in the flow of blood, the pain becomes dull and subsides. You can place the compresses on your forehead, temple, and on the back of your neck.
  6. Find a quiet room to relax – You might become highly sensitive to the noises, which can trigger migraine symptoms. So, you must shut out the noises and relax in a quiet room. Do not go to places that have loud music on, as you can easily get a migraine.
  7. Dim the lights – Brightness and harsh lights can also be a trigger to migraine attacks. The person might develop photosensitivity which potentiates the risk of migraine headaches. You can turn off the lights and sit for a while in a dark room if you begin to experience some discomfort. Also, while stepping out in the sun, you can make use of sunglasses, which will prevent the light from causing headaches.
  8. Identify your triggers – You have to become aware of your triggers and the patterns of symptoms. By doing so, you will be able to prevent a migraine attack from happening in the middle of something important.

The lowdown

Migraine is a chronic neurological condition that is incurable. Mild and moderate degrees of headaches can be managed with home remedies and lifestyle changes, but severe migraines require medical attention. It can be a symptom of some underlying condition, which is why it needs to be examined.

Your healthcare provider will prescribe medications to overcome the throbbing pain and reduce the frequency of migraine attacks. Also, home remedies and lifestyle changes are as important too, as they can contribute to the treatment.

What Causes Leprosy?

Leprosy, also known as Hansen’s disease, is caused by a slow-growing bacteria named Mycobacterium leprae. It is a chronic condition that can cause damage to the skin, eyes, inside of the nose, muscles, and nerves. It can be spread through physical proximity. It is an airborne infection, which spreads as the infected person breaths, sneezes, or coughs.

The bacteria, Mycobacterium leprae is responsible for majorly affecting the skin and causing damage to peripheral nerves.It is a slow-growing bacteria, but its progression can be prevented and reversed. Leprosy is a curable disease. When the treatment is taken on time, the risk of health complications can be eliminated.

The infected individual releases tiny droplets in the air, which contain infectious bacteria. These droplets get released into the environment and if a healthy person inhales these bacteria, they might get infected too. This is why one must maintain a safe distance from a patient affected with leprosy.

Is leprosy contagious? 

Sitting next to the infected person or having some physical contact can potentiate the risk of transfer of bacteria. Leprosy is not very contagious when the person is taking the treatment properly. It becomes highly contagious only when the person has left their condition untreated, and the disease has caused severe damage to their health. Also, sexual contact with an affected person must be avoided, as the risk of transfer is high.

Who is more likely to get leprosy?

Children are more susceptible to this infection. Therefore, utter care must be taken. If you have been around any person who has this disease, or a friend, a member of your family, or a relative has got this infection, then you must see your healthcare provider immediately, screening tests will reveal if you have any risk of developing the disease. The disease develops slowly and therefore, it might take several years for the person to develop the symptoms of leprosy.

People with low immunity or immunity-related disorders must be extra careful, as the possibility of progression of this disease is high among them. The ability to fight off the infection is weak among them, which is why they are more prone to the infection.

Is leprosy curable?

Fortunately, this disease is curable. Early screening and detection of the disease will be helpful in starting the treatment. When the treatment is begun on time, the progression of the disease will be prevented, and the condition can be reversed. The person can completely recover from the condition.

The healthcare provider will prescribe antibiotics to get rid of the infection. The duration of recovery may differ depending on the individual response to the treatment.First, the healthcare provider will order some diagnostic reports, which will confirm the disease, its type, and its severity. Then they begin the treatment.

What are the symptoms of leprosy?

Some obvious signs and symptoms related to leprosy are given as follows:

  • Development of flat patches on the skin surface. They might be a little lighter and uneven in appearance than your normal skin color.
  • Small lumps, nodules, or sores appear on the skin.
  • Skin turns dry, thick, and stiff.
  • Appearance of painless ulcers on the soles of the feet.
  • Swelling and lumps on face and earlobes. The swelling does not cause any pain.
  • Nerve damage in eyes, legs, arms, etc.
  • Loss of eyelashes and eyebrows.

The symptoms of this disease usually take a very long time to appear. It might take 3 to 5 years, or the person may have the infection in their body for up to 20 years but they might remain asymptomatic when the symptoms start to show.

Types of leprosy

According to the Cleveland Clinic website, leprosy is classified into three main types, they are:

  1. Tuberculoid leprosy – Also known as paucibacillary leprosy. This type of leprosy usually gives rise to mild symptoms. The individual may develop a few skin sores. It can be easily treated with medications.
  2. Lepromatous leprosy – Also termed multibacillary leprosy, individuals with this type of leprosy develop skin sores widespread around their body and lesions that affect the skin, nerves, and organs.
  3. Borderline leprosy – In this type, the person experiences a combination of symptoms of both tuberculoid and lepromatous. It is also termed dimorphous leprosy.

How to prevent leprosy?

The best way to prevent the risk of developing leprosy is to get diagnostic tests for up to 5 years and if the infection is detected then getting it treated very early. This is applicable to people who had a close encounter with the person who has this disease.

Diagnosis and treatment of leprosy

The healthcare provider will perform a combination of several diagnostic tests to confirm the disease and identify the type of it and its severity. Based on the reports, they will begin the treatment. The treatment will be given through antibiotics and if it is a case of peripheral nerve damage, they will prescribe some other treatment, because antibiotics will not work in that case.

 

How Does Leprosy Spread?

Leprosy is not spread easily from person to person. The bacteria get transmitted from an infected individual to a healthy individual when they remain in close contact for a prolonged time. However, it is highly contagious when the infected person is not getting the treatment and they have reached the advanced stage of the disease.

The disease gets spread through exposure to Mycobacterium leprae, which is the bacteria that causes leprosy or Hansen’s disease. These bacteria are released into the air through breathing, sneezing, or coughing. The infected individual releases tiny droplets of moisture that contain the bacteria. These moist droplets are released from the nose and mouth.

Being in close and frequent contact with the infected person causes the transmission of the bacteria because the healthy individual inhales the tiny droplets from the contaminated air.People who are not getting treatment for their condition are susceptible to health complications, and they may spread the disease more easily than those who are getting the treatment.

Causes of Leprosy

Mycobacterium leprae is a type of bacteria that leads to Hansen’s disease or leprosy. This is a slow-growing bacteria that takes a long time to fully infect the person. The bacteria cause gradual damage, which is why the person may not be even aware that they have caught the infection.

The bacteria generally take around three to five years to show the symptoms and give indications. In some cases, the symptoms might take a decade or two to finally indicate the disease that has been underlying. The growth and development of the bacteria can be effectively prevented with the help of antibiotic medications. Antibiotics help fight off bacteria and reverse the disease.

Risk of contagion

Most people are naturally capable of warding off the Mycobacterium leprae bacteria, as the immune system rapidly kicks into action to effectively fight off the bacteria.But for people with low immunity, it becomes quite tough to suppress the growth of the bacteria, and therefore, they are more likely to develop this disease.

Leprosy is an airborne disease that spreads via physical proximity. The tiny droplets get released into the environment when the infected person simply exhales, coughs, or sneezes. The risk of contagion is very high when the condition has been left untreated and the disease has progressed to an advanced stage.

Can leprosy be cured?

Leprosy is a curable condition. Timely treatment will reduce the recovery time. The patient will be put on a combination of several medications, which will fight off the disease and restore their health. Generally, the healthcare provider prescribes a combination of drugs known as multi-drug therapy (MDT) to cure the condition. In general, the average recovery time is around one to two years. During the process of recovery, the healthcare provider will closely monitor the progress for a couple of years.

When is the right time to see the doctor?

If you develop skin sores or lesions that are painless, bumpy, patchy, and appear lighter tone than the rest of the skin, then you must see your healthcare provider immediately. These are the indications that hint towards the disease. It is necessary that the skin sores are a sign of leprosy, it could be due to other reasons.

To confirm that the skin lesions are a result of leprosy, the healthcare provider will suggest some diagnostic tests, which will reveal the true cause of the development of lesions. If the reports confirm the presence of Mycobacterium leprae, then treatment will begin based on the type of leprosy and its severity.

What are the types of leprosy?

There are three types of leprosy. It could be differentiated by the symptoms. The treatment depends upon the type of leprosy the person has. Three types of leprosy are given as follows:

  • Tuberculoid leprosy – In this type, the person experiences mild symptoms. They may develop some minor skin-related problems such as patches, lesions, and skin discoloration. The nerves under the skin might get damaged, as a result, the person may lose sensation and the area becomes numb.
  • Lepromatous leprosy – This type is a more severe form of leprosy. In addition to skin damage, it also causes severe muscle weakness and damage to the kidneys, nose, legs, and arms. It is more contagious compared to the tuberculoid type.
  • Borderline leprosy – In this type, the person develops the symptoms of both tuberculoid as well as lepromatous leprosy.

Diagnostic evaluation and treatment of leprosy

Your healthcare provider will conduct a skin biopsy by collecting a sample of your skin. They will order a diagnostic report. The sample will be sent to the lab for evaluation.The lab expert will examine the specimen under the microscope to check for the signs of Mycobacterium leprae. Through this, they will confirm the presence of bacteria and the form of leprosy.

The reports will be generated, which will be checked by the healthcare provider. They will begin the treatment process. They will prescribe multi-drug therapy (MDT) which involves a combination of multiple drugs, which will treat the condition.

 

How To Treat Gout?

For the treatment of gout, your healthcare provider will order diagnostic tests to do the necessary evaluation of gout symptoms. They will ask several questions regarding the symptoms, including how long you have been experiencing those, how frequently the gout flares occur, family history, lifestyle habits, etc. This will help them with the diagnosis.

Once the test reports of the diagnosis confirm the presence of gout, the healthcare provider will begin the treatment. The test reports will reveal the severity of the condition and the damage it has already caused to the joints.

The diagnostic evaluation suggested will include the following types of tests:

  • Blood sample tests
  • Joint fluid tests
  • X-ray imaging
  • Ultrasound
  • Dual-energy computerized tomography (DECT)

Treatment for gout

According to the Mayo Clinic website, the treatment will be given with medications. The healthcare provider will prescribe two types of medications for managing two separate conditions. The first type of medication will be given to alleviate the pain, swelling, and inflammation in the joints. It will also reduce the recurrence of gout flares and make gout attacks less frequent.

The medications that are used for alleviating gout flares and decreasing the frequency of gout attacks are as follows:

  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) – These drugs can be prescription as well as non-prescription (OTC). They do carry some risks of side effects.
  • Colchicine – These drugs will reduce the intensity of pain and inflammation around the joints. They do come with several common side effects, which include nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
  • Corticosteroids – These medications will decrease the pain experienced in the joints and reduce inflammation. These drugs come in the form of pills and injections. They can also potentiate the risk of side effects such as blood pressure changes,blood sugar fluctuations, and mood swings.

If the condition has already done significant damage, then the healthcare provider will suggest medications that reduce the risk of gout-related complications and decrease the levels of uric acid in the blood. Such medications will work to reduce the production of uric acid from the purine and in addition, they will also help in eliminating the excess amounts of uric acid from the body. Moreover, these medications can also lead to some side effects like stomachache, rash, kidney stones, etc.

The types and doses of medications prescribed for the condition will depend on the severity and intensity of the symptoms. Also, the general health of the patient will be taken into consideration. When the person is already having some chronic health condition, then the medications assigned will be different.

Effective remedies to manage gout

  • Use ice packs – Applying ice on the affected joint willnumb the area and reduce swelling and inflammation. It can bring great relief from pain.
  • Drink plenty of water – Hydration is crucial for your kidneys to work optimally to remove the waste of toxins from the body. Uric acid is nothing but the waste that remains in the body and leads to gout. So, to increase the efficiency of the kidneys, one must keep themselves adequately hydrated.
  • Healthy diet – One must be very careful aboutone’s diet. Consuming foods that have high amounts of purine might potentiate their risk of gout flares, therefore, it is necessary to plan the diet accordingly.
  • Limit alcohol consumption – Alcohol may potentiate the person’s risk of gout. Therefore, it is necessary to drink it in moderation or it is even better if one gives up their drinking habit altogether or drink occasionally.
  • Manage stress – Psychological factors like stress and anxiety can worsen the symptoms of gout flares and increase the frequency of gout attacks. So, it is important to manage stress. To overcome stress, you can try many techniques such as meditation, yoga, exercise, leisure activities, etc. This will reduce the risk of gout flares.
  • Get enough rest – A good night’s sleep is a restorative activity. Going to bed on time and getting up at the same time regularly will be beneficial for your overall health.

What is the root cause of gout?

The person develops the symptoms of gout when the concentration of uric acid in the body rises to very high levels. Uric acid is metabolized from purine, which is a substance that is naturally present in the body. The body produces uric acid by processing purine. As the levels of purine rise in the body, the levels of uric acid also increase corresponding to that.

The purine levels in the body rise due to the excessive intake of foods and drinks that are rich sources of purine. After the breakdown of purine happens, the uric acid levels spike and its atoms bind together to form sharp, needle-shaped structures as they crystallize. These tiny crystals flow into the bloodstream and get lodged around the joints.

Their accumulation of these sharp, needle-like tiny crystals around the joints causes pain and inflammation in the joints. The inflammation leads to swelling and redness in the joints. The area turns warm and appears red. These are the indications that the person may have gout.

How Do You Get Gout?

Gout is a chronic health condition,which affects the joints. The person with gout experiences intense pain, swelling, inflammation, and redness in their joint. The affected area becomes tender and highly sensitive. The person’s ability to move the joint where the gout has occurred will be affected.

This happens when the levels of uric acid in the body rise to very high levels. Uric acid is naturally present in the body. Your body produces it by breaking down purine, which is a substance that is also naturally present in the body in some amounts. When purine levels rise, corresponding to it, the levels of uric acid also spike.

The increase in purine levels happens as you consume certain foods that are rich sources of purine. Naturally, purine exists in the body, but purine-rich foods cause the overload of it. This makes the body metabolize it, which leads to a rise in the concentration of uric acid in the blood.

The excess of uric acid then forms into small crystals. This happens as the atoms bind together and form a cluster and it further takes the form of sharp crystals that usually aggregate around the joints. The person develops gout, as the crystallized particles of uric acid accumulate around the joints.

How does gout affect a person?

The person experiences several symptoms of it. The symptoms may be mild in the beginning, but if the person fails to get the treatment and leaves the condition untreated, then the symptoms worsen. Some obvious symptoms of gout are as follows:

  • Intense pain in the joint.
  • Swelling and redness.
  • Inflammation and discomfort.
  • Inability to move.

The pain occurs in the knees, ankles, elbows, fingers, and wrists. Most commonly, the big toes get affected by the condition. It becomes swollen and turns red and tender. It causes difficulties while walking. The swelling happens mostly during the night while the person is asleep. It causes a burning sensation, and the toe feels warm as a result.

This restricts the movement of the body part where the crystals are accumulated. The symptoms might come and go. They may become severe and troublesome. It can happen suddenly, but it has been observed that gout flares usually occur during the nighttime.

If the condition is not treated, then the gout flares may happen frequently. The symptoms will exacerbate too quickly, and its progression might happen rapidly. It can increase the risk of complications.

Diagnosis for gout

For the diagnostic evaluation and confirmation, the healthcare provider will order several tests, which will allow them to identify the root cause of the joint pain and rule out the appropriate treatment:

  • Blood sample tests – Blood samples will be collected and sent to the lab to check the levels of uric acid in them. Sometimes normal people may have high amounts of uric acid but that does not mean that they have gout. But those affected by this condition will definitely have a high concentration of uric acid in their blood.
  • Joint fluid tests – The healthcare professional will collect a fluid sample from the joint. They will insert a needle inside the joint and take some fluid out. The sample thus collected will be then checked under the microscope to detect the presence of uric acid crystals.
  • X-ray imaging – This test will be helpful in identifying the root cause of joint inflammation.
  • Ultrasound – This test is done using a sound wave technique that detects the presence of crystals around the joints.
  • Dual-energy computerized tomography (DECT) – This test scans the images of the affected joint from various angles and generates clear pictures.

Treatment for gout

Diagnostic tests will reveal the cause of joint pain and inflammation. If it is confirmed that the person is diagnosed with gout, the healthcare provider will prescribe a combination of medications, which will alleviate the pain and inflammation, prevent the progression of the condition, and reduce the risk of health complications due to it.

The type of medications prescribed will depend on the severity and how often the gout attacks happen. According to the Mayo Clinic website, the healthcare provider will prescribe three types of medications to reduce the frequency of gout flares and gout attacks. These medications are given below:

  1. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) – These include prescription and non-prescription (over-the-counter) medications. They might cause some side effects. One must get to know about the side effects of these medications by asking their healthcare provider.
  2. Colchicine – These medications are helpful for alleviating pain and inflammation. They might as well give rise to several side effects that can be of the mild category. One might experience nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.
  3. Corticosteroids – These medications are available in the form of pills and injections. They reduce the pain and inflammation in the joint. The effects of this medicine might cause fluctuations in blood pressure and blood sugar levels.

What Is A Good Diet For Gout?

Gout is a condition that happens when there is a high level of uric acid in the blood, which solidifies and accumulates in the joints. Certain foods can be helpful in bringing down the levels of uric acid in the blood, which will prevent its crystallization and aggregation around the joints.

The person diagnosed with this condition must get the treatment, and to support the treatment, one must follow a gout diet. Gout is a chronic health condition that cannot be cured. However, its progression can be slowed down and managed through medications and diet. One must adopt a gout-friendly diet and avoid foods that might exacerbate the condition.

Gout-friendly diet        

Making several shifts and changes in your diet is necessary. It is beneficial for slowing down the progression of the disease. Certain types of foods can reduce the levels of uric acid in the blood. According to the National Institutes of Health, a gout diet must consist of plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes. Basically, one must consume clean and nutritious foods and stop consuming processed and junk foods.

Processed and junk foods contain high amounts of saturated fats, refined oils, refined carbs, etc. Which can deteriorate one’s health. The high amounts of fats and unhealthy components in such foods can give rise to uric acid levels in the blood. Therefore, switching to healthy and nutritious food choices will keep the uric acid levels from rising.

Best foods to include in gout diet

  • Vegetables – You must include more leafy greens such as spinach, collard greens, cabbage, broccoli, and all types of vegetables like potatoes, bell pepper, tomato, squash, radish, carrot, brinjal, etc. They offer essential nutrients to the body and reduce the uric acid levels in the blood.
  • Fruits – You can include any fruit in your diet. All fruits go well with the gout-specific diet. Consume more fresh fruits daily, which will keep the uric acid levels from spiking.As per some research, including more cherries in your daily diet will be extremely beneficial, as cherries have anti-inflammatory properties, which can lower uric acid levels and manage the symptoms well.
  • Dairy products – Consuming low-fat or skimmed milk can bring down the levels of uric acid in the body. It can also be beneficial for alleviating the symptoms of gout.
  • Whole grains – Brown rice, whole wheat, barley, oats, etc. make a great gout-friendly diet.
  • Legumes – Peas, beans, lentils, soybeans, and peanuts are always a great option for people with gout.
  • Beverages – Coffee, tea, or green tea can be beneficial for reducing the uric acid levels in the body. These beverages can help the body to get rid of excess uric acid through excretion and this is how they help maintain the low levels of uric acid in the body.
  • Nuts and seeds – All types of nuts and seeds will be fine.
    In addition to the type of food, it is necessary to keep yourself adequately hydrated. You must consume more water throughout the day, which will slow down the crystallization of uric acid and thus prevent its accumulation around the joints. Hydration will make your kidneys function well and effectively rid the body of excess uric acid.

Types of foods to avoid during gout

People having gout must limit some foods or it is better to stop consuming certain foods, which will alleviate their symptoms and improve their condition. According to the Cleveland Clinic website, some foods that can worsen the symptoms of gout are given below:

  • Sugary and sweetened foods – Foods and drinks that are loaded with high amounts of sugar can trigger the rise of uric acid in the body.The symptoms of gout will worsen as a result.
  • Alcohol – Drinkers are more likely to experience severe symptoms of gout. Alcohol can contribute to the accumulation of uric acid crystals around the joint. Therefore, one must avoid alcohol.
  • Seafood – Some types of sea food like scallops, codfish, tuna, haddock, mussels, herring, trout, etc. can exacerbate the symptoms.
  • Organ meat – These include liver, brains, kidneys, and sweetbreads. This type of meat can spike the levels of uric acids.
  • Red meat – Stop or limit the consumption of lamb, beef, and pork meat.

Lifestyle changes to manage gout

In addition to dieting, exercising and fitness are also important.The condition causes pain, which can be reduced to a great extent through proper diet and exercise. It is necessary to do some physical activity and exercise for at least 30 minutes every day. Exercise not only reduces gout symptoms, but it is also highly beneficial for improving your overall health.

Those having issues with their weight might experience severe symptoms of gout. This hints that they should lose extra weight and work to get in shape. Obesity and overweight increase the pressure on the joints, which is why such individuals must lose some weight to reduce the pressure and pain.

What Foods Cause Gout?

Certain foods can alleviate the symptoms of gout, while some can make them worse. You must choose your food wisely and plan your diet accordingly. Diet is the most powerful tool by which you can manage the condition well and reduce the risk of complications.

A substance known as purine is broken down by the body to make uric acid. When uric acid is present in excess amounts in the blood, it solidifies or crystallizes and accumulates around the joints. Certain foods are rich sources of purine and people with gout must avoid consuming such foods.

Instead, one must include specific foods in their diet that contain low amounts of purine. In that way, the rise in the level of uric acid will not happen and the body will be able to get rid of the excess uric acid through excretion.

Foods that increase the risk of gout

Purine-rich foods can speed up the accumulation of uric acid crystals around the joints and give rise to symptoms such as joint pain, inflammation, lack of movement, and discomfort. To alleviate the symptoms or prevent the formation of gout, one must either limit or avoid the consumption of foods that contain high amounts of purine. According to the Cleveland Clinic website, these foods are:

  • Sweetened and sugary foods – Foods and beverages such as cakes, pastries, candies, cold drinks, doughnuts, packaged drinks, energy drinks, etc. are usually laden with excessive amounts of sugar.Consuming such foods can spike the levels of uric acid in the blood. With the rise in uric acid, the accumulation of uric acid crystals speeds up and the symptoms may worsen.
  • Alcohol – Excessive intake of alcohol can potentiate the risk of gout. Some types of alcohol such as beer or distilled liquor contain higher levels of purine, which gets broken down within the body to be stored as uric acid. A rise in the levels of uric acid can further cause its crystallization and aggregation at the joints, leading to gout. Different kinds of alcoholic beverages contain different concentrations of purine. One can switch to alcohol that has less amount of purine.
  • Fish – Some types of seafood like crabs, lobsters, scallops, codfish, tuna, haddock, mussels, herring, trout, mackerel, etc. contain very high amounts of purines. Even though they are consumed in small amounts, there is still a risk of gout. One must try to eat them in moderation. Those with a severe form of gout must avoid consuming seafood altogether.
  • Organ meat –Liver, brains, kidneys, and sweetbreads are loaded with high levels of purines. Its excessive consumption can give rise to a gout attack. Therefore, one must either limit its consumption or stop its consumption.
  • Red meat – Lamb, beef, and porktend to be associated with gout glares. Eating them only occasionally, that too in moderation is okay, otherwise if you consume red meat often, it can spur gout flares. So, to be on the safer side, try to limit its consumption.
  • Turkey – One must eat turkey in moderation. Controlling the portion will not trigger a flare-up of gout. Although turkey is considered to be somewhat safe, that does not mean that they can have a big turkey anytime they wish. One must never consume it frequently and have it only occasionally, but in moderation.

Best foods for gout

Now that you have seen the types of foods that you need to avoid as they can trigger uric acid in the blood and spur gout flares, you must know what kind of foods are actually gout-friendly. The way certain foods potentiate the risk of gout and its complications, several foods can alleviate the symptoms or eliminate the risk of gout altogether.

One must follow a diet that is gout-friendly. For that, it is necessary to include foods that reduce the levels of uric acid in the blood and are helpful to eliminate it through excretion. Foods that have low levels of purine must be included in this diet. These foods are:

  • Low-fat or skimmed milk – It can bring down the levels of uric acid in the body and also prevent the risk of gout or its complications. You can also have low-fat yogurt, which can be equally beneficial.
  • Fresh vegetables and fruits – Including more vegetables and fruits in your diet will prevent the risk of gout and those already having gout will experience a decrease in symptoms and recurring gout flares. All types and kinds of vegetables and fruits are great for this diet.

Even if some vegetables such as spinach and asparagus are high in purine, studies suggest that they might not cause a spike in uric acid. Lastly, make sure you include cherries too, as cherries are power-packed with anti-inflammatory properties, which can alleviate pain and inflammation to a great extent.

  • Nuts – All types of nuts and seeds are great for a gout diet.

 

 

 

What Is Gout?

Gout is a chronic health condition, which is quite common. It is a complex form of arthritis that is characterized by sudden pain, swelling, redness, and feeling of tenderness in the joints. It might occur suddenly and might come and go. It is an incurable condition, but it can be managed very well, and its symptoms can be alleviated with treatment and lifestyle changes.

What causes gout?

Your body produces uric acid from purines, which are substances that are naturally present within the body.Certain foods contain purines, which increases the levels of purines in the body. This purine gets broken down and converted into uric acid. The rise in levels of uric acid in the blood leads to it scrystallization and accumulation around the joints.

Your kidneys can eliminate excess uric acid from the body. It filters out the waste and leads to its excretion. However, sometimes the sudden spike in the levels of uric acid in an excessive amount can cause its solidification into sharp crystals, these crystals further get lodged and aggregated around the joints and cause pain, swelling, and inflammation.

Symptoms of gout

According to the Mayo Clinic website, the symptoms of gout might arise most probably during the nighttime. The symptoms of gout are as follows:

  • Joint pain – The accumulation of sharp crystals formed from uric acid solidification causes pain, swelling, and inflammation in the joints. It usually affects the big toe, and as a result, the toe swells up and becomes highly sensitive and tender. The pain can rise suddenly and be alleviated after some time. The condition mostly affects the knees, elbows, ankles, fingers, and wrists.
  • Inflammation – The joints become inflamed, red, and tender. It can also cause burning pain in the affected area.
  • Discomfort – When the pain subsides, the effects of it persist in the form of discomfort. Even if the pain and swelling have gone or reduced, the person continues to experience discomfort for a few days after severe pain.
  • Lack of movement – The pain in the joints makes it difficult for the person to walk.

Factors that potentiate the risk of gout

  1. Diet – Certain types of foods can increase the risk of gout, as they are laden with high levels of purines, which get converted into uric acid within the body and develop into crystals that accumulate around the joints. It is necessary to either avoid or limit the consumption of foods that are loaded with purines. One must increase their intake of foods that contain low amounts of purines, for example, fruits, vegetables, nuts, low-fat dairy products, grains, legumes, and coffee.
  2. Genetics – A condition like gout can run in the family. If any close member of your family has gout, then you are more likely to develop the condition. This happens due to the passing of the same genes from parents to offspring.
  3. Overweight – The body of overweight individuals produces more uric acid than any average individual. Their kidneys fail to eliminate excess uric acid from the body, which is why the levels of uric acid rise in the body and cause gout flares. Such individuals experience severe symptoms of gout, as the pressure exerted on their joints is high because of excess weight.
  4. Chronic health conditions – Certain types of chronic medical conditions can exacerbate the symptoms of gout. This happens mostly in the case of people who do not get treatment for their chronic health conditions, which can affect the function of their vital organs such as the heart, kidneys, etc. If the kidney function gets affected, the removal of waste will not happen effectively.
  5. Medications – Some types of medications used for controlling blood pressure can spike the uric acid levels in the body. This can spur gout glares. So, if you are taking medications for hypertension, you must talk to your doctor and discuss your concerns regarding medicine-induced gout.
  6. Surgery or trauma – Those who had a recent surgery are highly susceptible to gout attack.

The right time to see the doctor

You must see your doctor immediately if you have experience dintense pain in your joints out of the blue. If the condition is ignored and left untreated, it might progress and cause major damage to the joints. You should see your doctor if you have developed pain, swelling, tenderness, and inflammation around your joints. Early diagnosis and treatment will prevent its progression and joint damage.

Diagnostic evaluation of gout

For confirmation, the doctor will order several tests, which are given below:

  • Blood sample tests – This is done to check the uric acid levels in the blood.
  • Joint fluid tests – The fluid accumulated in the joints will be taken out and checked under the microscope to detect the uric acid crystals.
  • X-ray imaging – This will reveal the root cause of joint inflammation.
  • Ultrasound – This uses a sound wave technique to detect the presence of crystals in the joints.
  • Dual-energy computerized tomography (DECT) – This test generates images of the affected joint from different angles.

Based on the diagnostic tests, your doctor will prescribe a combination of medications to reduce the pain, inflammation, and swelling, and prevent the progression of the condition.

 

What Is The Main Cause Of Gout?

The main reason for the development of a chronic condition like gout is the accumulation of urate crystals around the joints, most commonly in the knees, wrists, fingers, and ankles. The urate crystals are formed out of uric acid, which is a waste product that is supposed to be eliminated from the body. However,excessive amounts of it cause its crystallization.

As the body processes a chemical substance known as purine, its complete metabolization causes an increase in the levels of uric acid in the body. Uric acid is the by-product of the process, which is a waste that needs to be thrown out from the body. But sometimes, there are high amounts of uric acid in the body, and the body fails to get rid of it.

This causes an increase in the levels of uric acid in the blood. The uric acid flows in the bloodstream and the atoms bind together to form crystals. The crystallization produces tiny clusters of uric acid, which have sharp edges and pricks like needles in the joints. This pricking gives rise to symptoms such as:

  • Intense joint pain – The pain and swelling most commonly occurs on the big toe, knees, ankles, wrists, elbows, and fingers. The pain might become intense and they may keep coming and disappearing. It might continue to cause intense pain for several days.
  • Swollen joints – As the crystals get aggregated around the joint, theyswell up and cause pain.
  • Tenderness and high sensitivity in the joints – Swelling and inflammation make the joint turn tender and highly sensitive.
  • Inflammation and discomfort – Swelling makes the area turn warm and reddish due to inflammation. The swelling causes discomfort.
  • Lack of movement – The person will not be able to move properly. The swelling and pain in the joints, especially when the gout is in the knees and ankles will restrict their movements.

Some factors can be responsible for intensifying the pain and gout flares, which can cause frequent gout attacks. Gout is a chronic condition, that cannot be cured, but it can be managed to a great extent. Its progression can be prevented and the risk of gout-related complications can also be reduced with timely treatment.

Risk factor of gout

As per the National Institutes of Health, men are more likely to experience this condition compared to women. There likelihood of developing such as condition is in the middle age. The symptoms of gout can be severe if it happens at a young age. Although women might seldom experience such a condition, their likelihood of developing gout is after menopause. Most health conditions in women happen after menopause, and gout can be one of them.

Fortunately, its risk can be reduced with several lifestyle changes. Positive lifestyle habits will be beneficial for overall health and not just gout. It can prevent the occurrence of a chronic condition like gout and eliminate the chances of its progression. Most importantly, the best way to control uric acid levels is to limit the consumption of certain types of foods that have high concentrations of purine within them.

Foods one must avoid to prevent gout flares

  • Sweetened drinks and sugary foods – Foods items that are loaded with high quantities of sugars must be avoided or eaten in moderation.Excessive intake of such foods can cause a spike in the levels of purines in the blood. The purine gets metabolized to uric acid, which is a root cause of gout.
  • Alcohol – Too much of alcohol is linked with higher quantities of purines. Certain types of alcohol such as beer or distilled liquor have higher concentrations of purine, which is broken down by the body to produce uric acid. A spike in the levels of uric acid can further lead to its crystallization and accumulation around the joints, causing pain and swelling. Therefore, one must limit alcohol consumption.
  • Seafood – Certain types of seafood such asscallops, tuna, crabs, lobsters, codfish, haddock, mussels, herring, trout, mackerel, etc. are laden with very high amounts of purines. One must consume seafood in moderation because even a small portion of it can spike uric acid levels in the blood.
  • Organ meat –Meats like kidneys, liver, brains, and sweet breads come with high amounts of purines. It can potentiate the risk of gout flares. So, one must either eat it in moderation or avoid consuming it.
  • Turkey – Turkey can trigger gout flares. One can practice portion control, which will reduce the risk of gout flare-ups. It can be consumed occasionally, that too in moderation.
  • Red meat – Lamb, beef, and porkcan be linked with gout glares. It is not safe to consume on a regular basis. Too much of it spikes the uric acid and enhances the risk of gout attack.

So, make sure you do not consume more than safer amounts and eat it only on occasions.

How To Prevent Gout?

A chronic condition like gout is a form of arthritis that can prevented with the help of a gout-friendly diet and several lifestyle changes. It is a life-long condition that cannot be cured, however,the possibility of developing this condition can be reduced with the help of diet and certain lifestyle factors. Let us see what kind of diet and necessary changes one has to make in their lifestyle.

Gout diet

Diet has a pivotal role in eliminating the chances of gout. A person develops gout symptoms when the levels of uric acid in their body rise too much. Uric acid is a chemical substance that is already present within the body in low amounts. It is a waste product that gets eliminated by the kidneys through excretion. But sometimes, the concentration of uric acid is very high in the blood, which leads to its crystallization.

The main chemical from which uric acid is created is purine. One can reduce the levels of uric acid by controlling purine. Purine is present in certain types of foods and some foods contain very high concentrations of purine. Eating purine-rich foods in moderation will decrease your risk of developing this chronic condition.

According to the Mayo Clinic, foods that are laden with purines are:

  • Alcohol – Not all alcoholic beverages have high levels of purine. Some types of alcoholic drinks such as beer and distilled liquor are loaded with purines. Consuming such drinks frequently and in high quantities will spike uric acid levels, which can lead to gout flare-ups and gout attacks. So, choose your drink wisely and consume it in moderation, always.
  • Red meat – Beef, lamb, and pork me atisrich in purines. Consuming them regularly will increase the risk of gout flares. So, make sure you eat red meat in moderation.
  • Seafood – Some types of seafood and fish are high in purine. They may include tuna, crab, shellfish, herrings, mackerel, sardines, etc. You do not have to stop consuming them, as they are highly nutritious, all you can do is eat them in moderation.
  • Organ and glandular meat – Sweetbreads, liver, and kidneys can contribute to gout flares due to their high concentration of purine. Eat in small portions and in moderation.
  • Sweetened and sugary foods – Limit the consumption of fruits that are naturally sweet. Also, avoid consuming too much-sweetened foods such as baked goods like cakes, pastries, etc.

Some foods might be helpful in reducing the levels of uric acid in the blood. They are as follows:

  • Coffee – Caffeine is the main ingredient of coffee, according to some research, it can decrease the levels of uric acid in the blood. But it is necessary to note that, coffee has to be consumed in moderation too. Too much of it is not safe. You can talk to your doctor about how much coffee is safe.
  • Cherries – According to some research, cherries can reduce the possibility of gout attacks by decreasing the levels of uric acid in the body. It can help in eliminating uric acid from the body.
  • Vitamin C – C vitamin can reduce the chances of developing this condition.

Lifestyle changes for gout prevention

Making changes in the diet is not enough, you must include some changes in your lifestyle, which will be helpful in eliminating the risk of developing this chronic health condition. Below are some changes you need to make:

  • Lose weight and maintain a healthy weight – Maintaining your weight in a healthy range will be beneficial for keeping the levels of uric acid as low as possible. Overweight individuals have higher levels of uric acid in their body, which puts them at the risk of getting gout. Therefore, it is necessary to lose those extra pounds and become fit.
  • Regular exercise – Exercising on a regular basis will be beneficial for managing the uric acid levels in the body. Daily exercises as simple as walking, cycling, or swimming can be helpful.
  • Cutting alcohol intake – Alcoholic beverages are of different types and they all come with different concentrations of purines in them. Some have higher levels of purine while some contain it in low amounts. One must consume such alcohol in moderation.
  • Drink plenty of water – Water provides adequate hydration to the body. The kidneys will function optimally when there is enough hydration and it will be able to efficiently eliminate uric acid, which is nothing but the waste, from the body. This will ultimately eliminate the risk of getting gout.

When to see a doctor?

Sometimes the person might ignore the pain in the joints. It can be just a normal pain that might disappear, however, if the pain worsens and persists for several days then you must see your doctor immediately.There can be a possibility of gout flares. If this condition is ignored and left untreated for longer, it might progress and contribute to major health damage. You must see your doctor and inform them about all the symptoms you have been experiencing. Early diagnostic evaluation and timely treatment will prevent the condition from worsening.

What Causes Gout In Feet?

Gout in feet occurs when the urate crystals aggregate around the joints of the feet, that is, around the toes or the ankles. The crystals have sharp edges and as they accumulate around the joints, the person feels pain and develops swelling, redness, and inflammation. Gout in big toes is quite common, it causes the toe to swell, and the person may find it difficult to walk.

Similarly, when the urate crystals accumulate around the ankle joints, the ankle becomes swollen and the area turns tender and very sensitive. The person might experience discomfort while walking. Their movement may get restricted as a result.

Urate crystals are formed of uric acid, which is produced within the body after the metabolization of purine. Uric acid is the waste that is the product of purine metabolization. The level of uric acid rises in the blood, which causes the atoms of it to bind together and crystallize. These sharp crystals get lodged around the joints and cause pain.

The root cause of gout flare-ups is an increase in the levels of uric acid. To prevent it from rising within the body, one must make several changes in their lifestyle. Diet is the major factor that must be controlled in order to manage the condition well. Besides, there are several other lifestyle factors that must be controlled to prevent gout flares and attacks.

Foods to manage gout

Purines are the chemical substance thatnaturally exists in the body in low amounts. Also, its levels in the body increase when the person consumes foods that are loaded with high quantities of purine. Foods that have a high content of purines are given below:

  1. Alcohol –Alcoholic beverages of different types have different concentrations of purine within them. Switching to the types that have lower concentrations of purines in them can be the best option.
  2. Sweet and sugary foods and drinks – It is better to avoid these kinds of foods that can spike the uric acid levels in the blood. They can easily give rise to gout flares and gout attacks.
  3. Organ meat – Certain types of meats such as liver, brain, and kidneys are not suitable for people with gout. Excessive consumption of these can lead to gout flares. This is why it is necessary to limit the consumption of such meats.
  4. Seafood – Some types of seafood contain higher amounts of purines. It is necessary to reduce the consumption of seafood such as scallops, tuna, crabs, lobsters, codfish, haddock, mussels, herring, trout, mackerel, etc. because their excessive intake can peak the uric acid levels in the body.
  5. Red meat – Red meats include beef, pork, and lamb, which can potentiate the risk of gout attacks. These can be consumed occasionally, that too in moderation, otherwise too much of it can trigger severe gout attacks.

Lifestyle changes to prevent gout attack

The gout flare-up happens because of a surge in uric acid levels within the body. To reduce the frequency of gout flares and attacks, you need to make the following changes to your lifestyle:

  • Regular exercise
  • Cutting alcohol intake
  • Lose weight and remain fit
  • Give up smoking
  • Drink plenty of water

Other factors contributing to gout

  • Genetics – Some people are born with abnormal genes that can keep the uric acid levels always high in their bodies. Their risk of developing gout is quite high.
  • Medications – The side effects of certain types of drugs can also lead to a spike in uric acid levels in the body. Those who use non-prescription medications frequently must be very careful, as the side effects of some medications might increase the risk of gout flares.

How does gout affect the feet?

The gout may appear around the toes and ankles on the feet.When the gout attack occurs, the area may turn red and swollen followed by some pain. The pain gets intense with time. It may pass after a few days. The person may get gout attacks frequently. However, with proper treatment, the pain and swelling can be alleviated. Treatment provides relief and the symptoms begin to fade. 

Gout-related complications

  • Joint damage – The persistent pain and swelling of the joints can lead to permanent damage.
  • Kidney damage – High levels of uric acid can cause the formation of kidney stones.The stones can block the kidney and prevent waste removal.

The lowdown

Gout is a kind of arthritis that occurs because of the build-up of uric acid crystals around the joints. Its occurrence on feet can make it difficult for a person to walk. The accumulation of urate crystals may happen around the toes of the feet or on the ankle. It causes intense pain and inflammation. The pain can sometimes become excruciating and persistfor several days. Those who do not get the treatment will continue to experience intense pain and swelling for a couple of weeks or so.

How Is Endometriosis Treated?

Endometriosis is treated with medications and surgical procedures. The treatment will depend on the severity of the condition and also if the female wishes to become pregnant in the future. The healthcare provider will conduct the diagnostic evaluation of the condition and based on that they will suggest the appropriate treatment.

To treat the condition, the healthcare provider will prescribe medications. They will track the progress and see if the medications are working or not. If the medications fail to yield the result, they will suggest a surgical procedure to treat the condition.

According to the Mayo Clinic website, the various treatment techniques generally suggested by healthcare providers are as follows:

Anti-inflammatory medications are the first line of treatment for endometriosis. Your healthcare provider will suggest either over-the-counter drugs or prescription-only drugs for alleviating the pain. They may suggest some other therapy along with the medications. The kind of therapy suggested will depend on whether the female is thinking about conception.

Hormone therapy.

The fluctuations of the hormones can give rise to pain and inflammation in those affected with endometriosis. Hormonal therapy can alleviate this endometriosis pain and inflammation. The therapy can also prevent the progression of endometriosis by slowing down the growth of the affected tissues. It helps in preventing the implantation of new endometrial tissues.

Hormonal therapies for endometriosis include different types of treatments, which are given below:

  • Hormonal contraceptives – The growth of endometrial tissues can be prevented with the help of contraceptive pills, patches, and vaginal rings. These remedies can also be helpful in alleviating the pain experienced because of endometriosis.
  • Progestin therapy – These are the therapies that can stop menstruation and ultimately prevent the growth of the endometrial tissues. This therapy helps in alleviating the symptoms such as pain and inflammation.
  • Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (Gn-RH) agonists and antagonists –The agonist and antagonist medications are used for the prevention of the menstruation cycle by lowering the levels of hormones that trigger the release of eggs (ovum).

These medications do not put a permanent halt on the menstrual periods, instead,their effects last until the person keeps using them. When they stop using these drugs, the menstruation continues. These drugs prevent the growth of endometrium tissues.

Aromatase inhibitors – The healthcare provider suggests these drugs be taken in combination with hormonal contraceptives. These drugs come under the category of drugs that reduce the levels of estrogen in the body. These can be helpful in treating endometriosis.

Fertility treatment.

This treatment is suggested to those who are planning to conceive and become pregnant. Since conditions like endometriosis can make conception difficult, Fertility treatment can make conception possible. It involves stimulating the ovaries to produce more eggs (ovum) for in-vitro fertilization.

Conservative surgery.

It is a kind of surgical procedure, which involves the removal of the endometriosis implants without affecting the uterus and ovaries.The person will be able to overcome the condition with this treatment. But endometriosis can return. This procedure is performed with the help of laparoscopy.

The surgeon will perform it by making a small incision near the navel area. They will insert an instrument or laparoscope inside in order to remove the endometrial tissue. The doctor will prescribe medications to numb the pain after the surgery is done.

Hysterectomy surgery involves the removal of ovaries and uterus, which can prevent menstruation and childbirth. This surgery can stop the growth of the endometrial tissue. To gain a better understanding of this surgery and its pros and cons, you have to talk to your healthcare provider.

Home remedies to manage the condition

To alleviate the symptoms of endometriosis, you can try some home remedies, which will relieve the discomfort and pain to some extent. These remedies are given below:

  • Heating pad – Making use of heating pads will provide great relief against the pain. The pad can be placed around the pelvic region, which will alleviate the cramps and pain by relaxing the pelvic floor muscles.
  • NSAID drugs – You can make use of non-prescription nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to reduce the pain experienced because of menstrual cramps.

Talk to your doctor

To get the treatment for endometriosis, you have to see a gynecologist. You have to tell them about the symptoms and signs you have been experiencing and for how long it has been so. If have been planning to become pregnant, then they will prescribe specific treatment, which will prevent the growth of endometrial tissues without affecting the reproductive organs and their functions.

In the case of individuals who do not want to get pregnant, the doctor will suggest a surgical procedure, which can be helpful in removing the endometrial tissues and getting rid of endometriosis but will also affect the reproductive organs. The treatment will be based on the preference of the individual.

How To Get Rid Of Gout?

Gout is a chronic health condition, which is incurable, but manageable. You cannot get rid of it completely.Its progression can be slowed down and you can prevent gout attacks. The gout flare-ups can be attributed to poor diet and a bad kind of lifestyle. By controlling these two factors, one can decrease the severity of symptoms and reduce the frequency of gout flares and gout attacks.

Most importantly, this condition is a progressive illness that exacerbates with time, this is why it must never be left untreated. Timely treatment will prevent its progression. The treatment is usually given through medications. A combination of medications along with positive lifestyle habits and a gout-friendly diet will prove beneficial in managing the condition in an effective manner.

Treatment for gout

Diagnostic evaluation will be helpful in confirming that the person has gout and ascertaining the joint damage. The tests will reveal the severity, degree of damage, and the levels of uric acid in the blood. The healthcare provider will proceed with the treatment based on the test reports.

The treatment is usually given through a combination of medications. The medications can be in the form of pills that can be orally administered and injections. The medications prescribed will be of two types – first, the type of medications that alleviate the pain and inflammation, and second, the medications that prevent the risk of gout flares and gout attacks and reduce the risk of developing gout-related complications.

The dose and types of medications will be based on the severity, the frequency of gout flare-ups, and the degree of damage it has already caused. As per the Mayo Clinic website, the healthcare expert commonly prescribes three types of medications to reduce the frequency of gout flares and gout attacks. These medications are as follows:

  1. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) – These drugs can be available over-the-counter (OTC)and do not require a prescription letter from the doctor. Your healthcare provider will prescribe prescription medications which are a safe alternative to OTC remedies. NSAID drugs do cause some side effects, therefore you must become aware of those by asking your healthcare provider before using them.
  2. Colchicine – These are the medications that prevent gout flares and gout attacks. It relieves the pain and inflammation in the affected joint. These medications are available only on prescription. They do give rise to side effects such as nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.
  3. Corticosteroids – These are anti-inflammatory medications that alleviate the inflammation in the affected joint and relieve pain. They come in the form of oral pills and injections. Fluctuations or changes in blood pressure and blood sugar levels can be the side effects of these medications.

Home remedies and lifestyle changes for gout

You can effectively manage the symptoms of gout and reduce the chances of frequent gout flares. The pain and inflammation can persist for a few days in people who are already taking the medications. But those who deny the treatment may experience gout flare-ups frequently which can increase their risk of developing gout-related complications, that are joint damage, kidney damage, and loss of bone.

Ways in which one can efficiently manage the condition are given below:

  1. Relaxing – Stress can trigger gout symptoms and exacerbate the pain. This is why you must learn to relax and relieve stress. You can provide an outlet to the stress by doing some leisure activities like reading, cooking, swimming, and so on.
  2. Stay hydrated – Drinking plenty of water will keep your body adequately hydrated.It will help in getting rid of uric acid by eliminating it through excretion. Hydration improves the function of the kidneys, and since uric acid is a waste product, the kidneys will work more efficiently to throw it out of the body and reduce uric acid levels.
  3. Limit alcohol consumption – Alcohol spikes up the levels of uric acid in the body, which can lead to gout flares and gout attacks. So, it is necessary to reduce the consumption of alcohol.
  4. Use ice packs – To reduce the inflammation and get relief, you can make use of ice packs. Just apply the ice pack to the affected joint for around 15 to 20 minutes.
  5. Drink a cup of coffee – According to the National Institutes of Health, caffeine can reduce the levels of uric acid in the body and prevent the risk of gout attacks.
  6. Drink lemon water – Some studies have found that lemons can lower the levels of uric acid in the body. So, you can squeeze two lemons in 2liters of water and sip it everyday day.

Gout is a type of arthritis, which gives rise to pain and inflammation in the knees, ankles, elbows, fingers, and wrists. The condition commonly affects the big toe in most people. The toes wells and turns red and tender. It causes difficulties while walking.

The lowdown

The condition occurs when the uric acid levels in the body rise. The atoms of uric acid due to their high concentration in the blood, bind together and crystallize. These crystals accumulate around the joints, which gives rise to pain and inflammation. The pain can become severe for a few days and then disappear. It can start suddenly after the rise in the levels of uric acid. Hence, to maintain lower levels of uric acid in the body, you must get the treatment essentially and make necessary changes to your lifestyle.

 

 

How To Cure Endometriosis?

A condition like endometriosis is a chronic condition that is incurable. It can be managed with the help of treatments. The treatment is usually given with medications and in some cases through surgical procedures. Medications alleviate the pain felt due to the condition.The type of treatment will be based on the severity of the condition.

If it can be managed with the help of medications, the treatment will in volvea combination of different medications. But if the condition is severe, then your healthcare provider will suggest you get a surgical procedure to relieve the symptoms of endometriosis. Also, the combination of treatment along with home remedies will be beneficial for alleviating the symptoms in a more efficient manner.

Before beginning the treatment, the first thing your healthcare provider will do is conduct a diagnostic evaluation of your condition. When it is confirmed that you have endometriosis, and the severity is also known, they will begin the treatment.

Treatment for endometriosis

Your healthcare provider will order the diagnostic reports and based on the evaluation; they will suggest an appropriate treatment. The treatment usually involves medications and surgery in some cases.According to the Mayo Clinic website, the types of treatment suggested by healthcare providers are given below:

Prescription/non-prescription medications

For managing the symptoms of endometriosis, the doctor might prescribe some non-prescription (OTC) or prescription medications. The medications used for this condition are mostly anti-inflammatory, which alleviates the pain and provides greater relief. The medications prescribed will be different among females who want to become pregnant and those who do not want to get pregnant ever. If it is required, your doctor might prescribe the medications in combination with some therapy.

Hormone therapy.

Hormonal therapy is given to manage the fluctuations of the hormones, as changes in the hormones can make the symptoms of endometriosis more severe. This therapy alleviates the pain and inflammation in the pelvis. It is also very effective in slowing down the endometrial growth and prevents the progression of the condition. It can suppress the implantation of new endometrial tissues and control any further tissue damage.

There are various types of hormonal therapies given for endometriosis these are as follows:

  • Hormonal contraceptives – Contraceptive solutions such as oral pills, patches, and vaginal rings can provide relief from the pain and inflammation. Contraceptives prevent the growth of endometrial tissues.
  • Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (Gn-RH) agonists and antagonists – Endometriosis can be managed by preventing the release of egg (ovum) from the ovaries.To prevent the egg, the doctor will prescribe agonist and antagonist medications. These medications work by reducing the levels of hormones that cause the release of eggs from the ovaries. By halting menstruation, the progression of endometriosis can be prevented.
  • Progestin therapy – With this therapy, the menstruation can be put on halt which will prevent the growth of the affected tissues that lead to endometriosis. The symptoms such as pain and inflammation will be reduced.
  • Aromatase inhibitors –These are taken in combination with hormonal contraceptives, which effectively reduce the levels of hormones that cause menstruation. When menstruation is prevented, the growth of endometrial implants is also prevented and the symptoms can also become less severe.

Conservative surgery.

This is a kind of surgical procedure, which is performed with a device known as a laparoscope. The laparoscopy treatment is aimed at removing the endometrial implants without causing any harm to the uterus and ovaries. Endometriosis can be successfully treated with this kind of procedure; however, the chances of its reoccurrence will remain.

The surgery is performed by making a small incision below the navel area. The surgeon will insert the laparoscope inside for the removal of the tissues that are affected by endometriosis. To numb the pain post-surgery, the doctor will prescribe some medications.

Fertility treatment.

Patients who are planning to become pregnant will be prescribed different kinds of treatment by their doctors. This treatment keeps their ability to give birth intact. The endometriosis treatment can give rise to fertility issues, so, to eliminate those issues, this kind of treatment is given. It involves stimulating the ovaries to create and release more eggs (ovum) for in-vitro fertilization.

In this type of surgery, the surgeon will remove ovaries and the uterus, which put a permanent halt to menstruation and childbirth. It can be very effective surgery against endometriosis, as it can stop the growth of the affected tissues. This surgery is best suited for women with menopause.

Home remedies to manage the condition

To alleviate the symptoms of endometriosis, you can try some home remedies, which will relieve the discomfort and pain to some extent. These remedies are given below:

  • Heating pad – Heat therapy will provide great relief against the endometriosis pain. It must be placed on the pelvis, which reduces the pain and alleviates muscle cramping.
  • OTC anti-inflammatory drugs – OTC or non-prescription nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can be help full in lowering pain and muscle cramps.
  • Yoga – Yoga involves a combination of postures and breathing exercises, which can be effective in managing endometriosis pain.

 

 

How To Diagnose Endometriosis?

Females with endometriosis experience intense pain in the pelvic region. The reason for pain around the pelvis can be multiple. One cannot tell whether the pain is occurring due to endometriosis or some other condition such as fibroids, cancer, menstrual cramps, cysts, sexually transmitted diseases, etc.

To confirm that the individual is experiencing the symptoms of endometriosis, the healthcare provider will suggest some diagnostic tests for evaluation. Once the reports confirm the person has endometriosis, the healthcare provider can begin the suitable treatment. 

Diagnosis of endometriosis

According to the Mayo Clinic website, your healthcare provider will suggest you get some general tests done, which are as follows:

Pelvic examination – During this test, your healthcare provider or gynecologist will manually check your pelvis. They will gently apply some pressure around your womb area, and see if it causes pain. They will check for abnormalities by examining your reproductive organs by inserting their fingers inside. They will check for cysts, fibroids, and scar tissues to rule out abnormalities.

A pelvic examination is the basic test, which will reveal much. After performing this, the gynecologist will proceed with further tests to become completely sure. A physical examination is followed with laparoscopy, ultrasound, or MRI scan tests, which will provide clear results of the diagnostic tests.

Endometriosis ultrasound – This test will generate a clear image of the pelvis, which is very helpful in confirming the person has endometriosis. The image can show the cysts that are formed because of the affected tissues that have gotten out of place from their actual site. The test will generate an image of the reproductive organs.

An ultrasound test uses high-frequency sound waves to capture a clear image of your reproductive organs to check for abnormalities such as fibroids, cysts, and scar tissues. This test will confirm if you have endometriosis or experiencing the symptoms of some other problems with your reproductive organs. An ultrasound test is necessary, as it will be very helpful for the gynecologist in deciding the further action of the treatment.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) – Your healthcare provider will order an MRI scan of your pelvic region. The scanning will produce detailed images showing the insides of your reproductive organs. It can help your gynecologist in planning their further action in line with your treatment.

The MRI device produces such detailed images with the help of magnetic fields and radio waves. The image thus created will help in locating the endometrial implants and indicating their size.Before getting the MRI scan, you will be asked to not eat or drink anything for around 4 to 6 hours. The entire process will take up to an hour to complete.

Laparoscopy – This test is performed with the help of an instrument, known as a laparoscope, which helps in locating the endometrial implants and provides detailed information regarding their size, severity, and tissue damage. To perform this test, the surgeon will insert the instrument (laparoscope) inside your abdomen through a surgical incision. The incision will be performed under the region of your belly button.

They will conduct a biopsy to collect a tissue sample. This procedure is generally performed under anesthesia, which will numb the pain. The laparoscope with a tiny camera attached to it will be inserted inside through the incision to see the inside of the reproductive organs clearly. If the abnormalities are found, the surgeon will proceed to the next steps for treatment.

Endometriosis treatment

After performing a complete diagnostic evaluation, the gynecologist will be sure as to what kind of treatment will be best suited for your condition. The treatment will depend on various factors. The treatment for those wanting to become pregnant will differ from those who don’t. In some cases, there can be complications.

Different kinds of treatment will be suggested for managing the condition. Sometimes a combination of various treatments will be given to improve the condition. Types of treatment for endometriosis are:

  • Medications – The condition gives rise to pain and inflammation in the pelvic region. These symptoms can be managed very well with the help of prescription and non-prescription medications. Such medications alleviate the pain and inflammation and provide relief.
  • Hormonal therapy – Hormonal fluctuations can worsen the endometriosis pain. To balance the hormone levels, your healthcare provider will suggest this therapy, which will alleviate the pain and discomfort.
  • Surgery – Surgical procedures such as conservative surgery and hysterectomy will be suggested for two different scenarios. Conservative surgery will be best suited for those who want to remain fertile andbecome pregnant. While, those individuals with menopause will be suggested with hysterectomy, which involves the removal of reproductive organs.

How Is Endometriosis Diagnosed?

The healthcare provider will conduct your pelvic examination first. They will ask you several questions regarding your symptoms. They will analyze your pelvis by applying gentle pressure to different areas to know the location exactly where you are experiencing the pain. They will order tests for evaluation and confirmation of endometriosis. The symptoms of endometriosis are almost similar to other problems related to the reproductive organs and its evaluation is also complicated. This is why, they will suggest multiple tests for clear determination.

Confirmatory tests for endometriosis

Pelvic exam – The healthcare provider or gynecologist will look for the abnormalities in your reproductive organs, which include – the uterus, cervix, vulva, fallopian tubes, ovaries, bladder, and rectum. They will check for infections, cysts, fibroids, tumors, and scar tissues. They will do this manually by touching different areas on your pelvis and exerting gentle pressure on them to see if it causes pain.

This is just a general examination of your pelvis, which helps them determine the area that might have abnormalities. After performing this, they will proceed further with other tests that will identify the cause of symptoms and determine whether you have endometriosis.

Ultrasound test – This is a non-invasive imagingtest, that is also known as sonography.This test uses high-frequency sound waves to generate real-time images of the internal organs. It captures detailed images of your reproductive organs, tissues, and blood vessels. The image will show the abnormalities that are giving rise to the symptoms.

In the case of endometriosis, the images will show the abnormal tissue growth and endometrial implants and their size. It will also indicate the presence of cysts, fibroids, and other abnormalities inside.An ultrasound test will help the gynecologist rule out the other disorders and confirm endometriosis.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) – The MRI screening tests of the pelvis will determine the cause of the symptoms. It will generatedetailed images of the structures inside your pelvis. It is also a non-invasive type of test that will produce three-dimensional images of the structures inside the body.

The MRI technology uses magnetic fields and radio waves to generate such precise images. The image will show the size of the endometrial implants and help infinding their exact location. The scanning process will take up to an hour to complete but before it begins,you will be asked to not consume anything for around 4 to 6 hours.A contrast agent or dye will be needed to create better images.

Laparoscopy – This test is performed with a laparoscope, which is an instrument that is inserted inside the lower abdomen to look directly into the reproductive organs. The slender instrument is inserted inside by making an incision under the belly button. A small camera is attached to the instrument, which helps determine the problem.To perform this test, general anesthesia will be given, which will numb the pain felt during the making of the incision.

Diagnostic evaluation is necessary, as it helps distinguish exactly what kind of problem is causing the symptoms. The symptoms of endometriosis are similar to some other disorders related to the pelvic region, and therefore, screening tests will reveal the root cause of symptoms.

Treatments for endometriosis

Once the reports are obtained after the diagnostic tests, your healthcare provider will suggest you treatment that will depend upon the severity of your condition. The treatment will be given with prescription or non-prescription medications. In some cases, they may also suggest you get surgery to manage the condition. The types of treatment that are generally suggested for treating the symptoms of endometriosis are:

  • Prescription and non-prescription medications
  • Hormone therapy, which includes hormonal contraceptives, Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (Gn-RH) agonists and antagonist drugs, Progestin therapy, and Aromatase inhibitors.
  • Conservative surgery
  • Hysterectomy
  • Fertility treatment

Other ways to manage the symptoms of endometriosis

  • Over-the-counter drugs – OTC anti-inflammatoryor non-prescription nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can be taken tolower symptoms of endometriosis such as pain and muscle cramps.
  • Heating pad – Heat therapy given to the pelvis region will numb the pain and inflammation and provide great relief. It reduces the muscle cramping.
  • Warm bath – Taking a warm bath will relieve the muscle tension and increase the relaxation. The pain will subside and muscle cramping will be reduced.
  • Yoga – Yoga postures bring down stress levels and enhance deep relaxation.You will feel relieved after doing some yoga postures and meditations.

 

What Helps Endometriosis Pain?

Individuals having endometriosis experience unbearable pain in their pelvis. The pain may intensify during their menstrual periods. It can worsen muscle cramps felt during the periods and also lead to heavy bleeding. The best treatment for managing this pain is medications. Your healthcare provider will suggest over-the-counter (OTC) or prescription medications, which will alleviate the pain to a greater extent. 

If the condition is severe, then your healthcare provider will suggest you get surgery for the removal of endometrial implants. Surgery will not ensure that the condition is permanently treated, as it can reoccur. But most commonly, medications are the best remedy for managing the endometriosis pain.

Medications for treating endometriosis

According to the Medical News Today website, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are the best remedy for the pain experienced due to endometriosis. These medications alleviate the pain by reducing the production of a hormone called prostaglandins, which is responsible for contributing to pain and inflammation. Your healthcare provider will prescribe some common types of NSAIDs such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen.

In addition to medications, the pain can also be managed with home remedies. When treatment is combined with home remedies, the results will be excellent, as the pain is managed in a more efficient manner.

Home remedies for managing endometriosis pain

Some lifestyle changes and habits will contribute to reducing the endometriosis pain. The remedies you should include are as follows:

  1. Warm bath or heat therapy – Taking warm baths will be beneficial for reducing the pain and inflammation in the pelvis. You can also heat pads to relieve the pain. You can place the pad in the lower abdomen, which will relax the muscle tensions and increase relaxation, thereby reducing the muscle cramps and pain.
  2. Take enough rest –Allow yourself to rest adequately. Daily stress can worsen the symptoms and increase the pain and inflammation. Take some time to relax, you can do meditation, listen to music, go for a walk, or do something that makes you feel relaxed.
  3. Eat healthy – Making some necessary changes to your diet can be helpful. You must know what kind of foods to avoid. You need to limit your consumption of processed foods, which are usually loaded with sugars, unhealthy fats, and refined ingredients. Such a diet can exacerbate the condition. Include fresh fruits and vegetables in your diet.
  4. Do yoga – Yoga is an ancient practice that involves a combination of postures and deep meditative exercise. Doing it regularly will rid you of stress and increase mental calmness. Some postures can relax the pelvic muscles and help alleviate the pain and cramps. It is considered to be highly beneficial for individuals having endometriosis.
  5. Green tea – Some studies show that green tea can reduce endometriosis pain and muscle cramps. It can also slow down the progression of endometrial tissue damage. Therefore, drinking it will be beneficial for reducing the symptoms of endometriosis.
  6. Light exercise – Performing some light exercises such as walking, jogging, brisk walking, cycling, swimming, dancing, etc., can strengthen your pelvic floor muscles. The pain and inflammation will subside as a result and these exercises also act as mood boosters, as they release “feel good” hormones, which reduce the stress and anxiety levels.

Surgery

Despite trying several methods of treatment, if the pain does not alleviate and becomes worse, then the healthcare provider will suggest you get surgery to remove the endometrial implants. The chances of recurrence of the condition after the surgery will still be there. However, getting surgery will provide relief from pain. Your healthcare provider will suggest you any of the following types of surgeries:

Laparoscopy – This procedure is an invasive method, wherein, the surgeon will make small incisions below your belly button and insert a slender instrument that has a tiny camera attached to it to view the inside of your pelvis. The camera will show the location and size of the endometrial implants and further, the surgeon will conduct a laser operation to remove the affected tissues.

Laparotomy – This kind of surgery is suggested for those who have severe forms of tissue damage due to endometriosis. The incisions or cuts made will be larger compared to those in laparoscopy surgery.

Hysterectomy – In this type of surgery, the surgeons will remove the uterus due to which the individual will never be able to menstruate or give birth.

How To Treat Endometriosis?

A chronic condition like endometriosis can be managed with treatment, which most commonly involves a combination of medications and sometimes surgery. The medications will be beneficial for alleviating the pain and discomfort felt due to the endometrial implants. The medications will be helpful in balancing the hormone levels and slowing down the growth of the endometrial tissue, thereby reducing the pain and inflammation.

The healthcare providers will suggest an appropriate treatment based on the severity of the symptoms.Also, individuals who hope to become pregnant will be given a specific treatment, different from those who do not wish to get pregnant. If the condition has already caused substantial damage, then the healthcare provider will suggest the patient get the implants surgically removed.

In general, the different types of treatment techniques suggested by healthcare providers for managing endometriosis include:

Anti-inflammatory medications – These medications are the first line of treatment that alleviates the pain felt during endometriosis. These medications are available on prescription and without prescription (over-the-counter). The healthcare provider will suggest any type of medication depending on the need.

These medications will be suggested in addition to some other treatments to manage the condition more efficiently. Such medications will reduce the pain felt during menstruation, bowel movements, urination, and sexual intercourse, due to the growth of the endometrial tissues.

Hormone therapy – During menstruation, the hormone levels in the body go out of balance, which can make the endometrial pain more severe. To reduce this pain, the healthcare provider will suggest hormone therapy, which will be helpful in managing the hormonal fluctuations in the body. The pain and discomfort will be reduced, as the therapy prevents the implantation of new endometrial tissues and slows down the tissue damage.

Hormonal therapy for endometriosis will be given through different types of treatments, which are as follows:

Hormonal contraceptives – This therapy is given with the help of oral contraceptive pills, patches, and vaginal rings. It manages the levels of estrogen and progestin hormones in the body to reduce the pain. It thins the uterine lining, which eases the endometrial pain.

In addition to this, the healthcare provider will sometimes suggest another type of medication, known as Aromatase inhibitors, to be taken in combination with hormonal contraceptives, to stop the menstrual period in a more effective manner. Aromatase inhibitors reduce the levels of hormones that cause menstruation. It prevents the progression of endometriosis.

Progestin therapy – With this therapy, the pain due to endometriosis can be managed in an effective manner. The therapy helps in making the linings of the uterine walls thin, which stops the menstrual cycle temporarily. Lack of menstrual bleeding eases the endometriosis pain. It prevents the growth of new endometrial tissues and prevents the progression of the condition.

Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (Gn-RH) agonists and antagonists – The agonist and antagonist drugs are highly beneficial for putting a temporary haltto the menstruation cycle, by preventing the release of egg (ovum) from the ovaries. These drugs decrease the levels of hormones that are responsible for starting the menstrual cycle.

The effects of these drugs last until they are being taken. Once the person stops taking agonist and antagonist drugs, their menstrual periods begin again. Meanwhile, when the person is using these drugs, they will prevent menstruation, which will reduce the pain and the growth of endometrial implants. 

Conservative surgery– This is a surgical procedure that is performed for the removal of endometrial tissues and implants. The primary focus of this type of procedure is to keep the uterus and ovaries intact and protect the reproductive organs for healthy childbirth. It is best suited for those who hope to get pregnant.

The surgery is performed with the help of an instrument, known as a laparoscope. It is an invasive technique. The surgeon will conduct it by making a small incision below the belly button. They will insert an instrument or laparoscope inside in order to remove the endometrial tissue. This surgery is carried out with anesthesia and the doctor will prescribe medications to numb the pain after it is completed.

Hysterectomy – This is also a type of invasive surgical procedure. The difference is that the uterus or womb will be removed surgically, which will put a permanent halt on the ability to give birth. It leads to infertility. This type of procedure is best for those who do not want towish to become pregnant or those who have already reached menopause. With this surgery, the progression of endometriosis can be stopped.

Fertility treatment – Endometriosis treatment can affect the fertility of the individual. To increase the chances of fertility and the ability to conceive, this type of treatment is suggested by the healthcare provider. This treatment is given with medications. The eggs will be extracted and can be frozen for the future. The eggs can be fertilized outside the body in a process known as In vitro fertilization (IVF). The fertilized egg will be implanted into to uterus safely.

 

 

 

 

How To Test For Endometriosis?

The symptoms of endometriosis can coincide with some other conditions like pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), ovarian cysts, fibroids, etc. It can also be mistaken for pelvic pain. To determine that the individual is experiencing the symptoms of endometriosis, the healthcare provider will conduct a pelvic examination manually and suggest some confirmatory diagnostic evaluation tests.

These tests will help determine whether the individual has endometriosis or they are experiencing the symptoms of some other problem. Once the signs and symptoms match the condition, and it is confirmed that the individual has endometriosis, the healthcare provider will begin an appropriate treatment. Let us see the types of tests that will be performed to rule out other disorders.

Diagnostic tests for endometriosis

According to the Mayo Clinic website, to confirm that the person has endometriosis, the healthcare provider will suggest some tests, that are as follows:

1 )  Physical examination

Any condition related to the female reproductive system will be checked by the gynecologist. They will perform a physical test wherein they will manually check the pelvic region with their fingers. They will apply pressure on different parts of the pelvis to see if the individual feels pain. By doing so, they will be able to get a hint that the individual is having some abnormalities such as ovarian cysts, fibroids, or scar tissues.

This is just a general test that will be conducted by applying gentle pressure to the pelvis. It is not helpful in determining any disorder. To identify the exact cause of the symptoms, the doctor will suggest a combination of several other tests.

2)  Ultrasound screening

Ultrasound tests involve high-frequency sound waves,which generate clear and detailed images of the reproductive organs. The scanned images help in detecting cysts, fibroids, scar tissues, and any other abnormalities in the reproductive organs. It scans the insides of the reproductive organs.

The best thing about this test is, it is a non-invasive type of test or minimally invasive. With this test,the doctor will be able to confirm if the individual has endometriosis or has some other disorders related to their reproductive organs. The captured images will be extremely beneficial in identifying the root cause of symptoms and on that basis, the treatment will be given. In addition to this test, other tests like an MRI scan and laparoscopy will verify the test results.

3)  Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

An MRI scan of the pelvis region will help the gynecologist to plan an appropriate treatment for endometriosis.The scan will show a detailed and clear picture of the deep insides of the reproductive organs. It is a very powerful tool that confirms the disorder.

The MRI device uses a non-invasive type of technology, which generates three-dimensional images of the organs. It utilizes magnetic fields and radio waves to create such clear images of the structures. The images will find the location of the endometrial implants and determine their size.

4 ) Laparoscopic test

Laparoscopy is an instrument with which this kind of test is also performed on the individual who is experiencing the symptoms of endometriosis. This test is conducted through an invasive method, wherein the instrument, that is laparoscope is inserted inside the body through an incision made in the lower belly region.

This incision is made surgically, and the instrument along with a tiny camera attached to it is inserted inside. The surgeon will conduct this procedure under anesthesia to numb the pain.With the help of the camera, the surgeon will look for abnormalities such as cysts, fibroids, cancers, scar tissues, etc. Once endometriosis is confirmed, treatment will follow.

Symptoms of endometriosis 

  • Pain during periods – This condition is known as dysmenorrhea. The person starts experiencing pain in their pelvis, lower back, and abdomen a few days before their menstrual cycle begins. The pain amplifies and becomes unbearable during periods and will continue till a few days after the end of menstrual periods.
  • Pain during bowel movements – The pain may intensify during menstruating.
  • Excessive bleeding – There may be events when the disorder can lead to heavy menstrual bleeding.
  • Pain during sexual intercourse – Intercourse can be very painful during such a condition.
  • Infertility – Those having endometriosis will face difficulties in getting pregnant. Endometrial implants will give rise to such difficulties that prevent conception.

If you are experiencing these symptoms then you must see a gynecologist immediately. It is a chronic condition, which is manageable with the help of medications or sometimes surgery. If it is left untreated, the symptoms will get exacerbated. So, to manage it well, one must get timely treatment, which will prevent the risk of sexual health complications and infertility.

How Does Endometriosis Cause Infertility?

Endometriosis is a condition that can cause fertility issues in females. Those who want to get pregnant mighthave a hard time trying to conceive. The conception happens when the egg (ovum) of the female meets the sperm of the male. But due to the condition, the meeting does not happen.

The reason why endometriosis can contribute to infertility is that it can affect the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and the uterus. During this condition, some tissues that are similar to the tissues that are present in the inner lining of the uterine wall grow abnormally and develop into endometrial implants within the uterus.

These implants form a thick wall around the uterus. It can also affect the fallopian tubes and ovaries, thereby affecting the quality of eggs (ovum). These implants can also contribute to the formation of cysts, fibroids, and scar tissues deep inside the reproductive organs, which impacts the individuals’ fertility. The scar tissues obstruct the pathways of sperm and prevent them from reaching the egg (ovum). The endometrial tissues interfere with the fertilization.

When to see a gynecologist?

The right time to consult a gynecologist is when you experience the symptoms of endometriosis, which are listed below:

  • Pain while menstruation – Pain and cramping during menstrual periods are very common. However, if the pain is intense and cramps are unbearable, then this condition is known as dysmenorrhea. The pain results because of the shedding of the endometrial-like tissues along with the blood. The pain and cramps felt during such as condition are not normal.
  • Heavy bleeding – Endometriosis can cause intermenstrual bleeding, wherein the person may suddenly start bleeding in between their periods. This causes excessive loss of blood, followed by pain in the pelvis.
  • Pain felt during bowel movements or urination – The pain can get intensified due to the bowel movements or while urinating.
  • Pain during sexual penetration – Sexual intercourse can cause irritation and stretching of the affected tissues, which can be a painful experience.
  • Failure to conceive.

Sometimes, endometriosis can remain asymptomatic in some females. But if they have been trying to get pregnant for more than a year and are unable to, then they must consult a gynecologist. The gynecologist will conduct a pelvis examination and suggest diagnostic evaluation tests to determine the root cause of infertility.

If you have been diagnosed with endometriosis, which is the reason behind your fertility issues, then the condition can be managed and conception can be attained. Fortunately, timely treatment will prevent the progression of the condition. The treatment is generally given through medications, but if the condition has already progressed and become severe, then they surgical procedure will be needed.

How is endometriosis diagnosed?

Diagnostic evaluation tests are crucial, as they help in determining the exact cause of the symptoms you are experiencing. These symptoms cannot confirm that the person has endometriosis because other disorders related to the reproductive system can also give rise to such symptoms. Therefore, to perform a confirmatory test for endometriosis the doctor will recommend several types of tests, which are as follows:

  • Pelvic examination – This is an initial test that is done manually. It does not reveal much, which is why other tests are done to confirm the disorder.
  • Ultrasound – This test generates detailed images of the inside of the reproductive organs and helps assess the cause of symptoms.
  • Laparoscopy – This is an invasive type of test, that is done by making small incisions in the body to insert a slender instrument, known as a laparoscope inside the pelvis to see the cause of symptoms.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan– This test creates 3D images of the insides, and helps in confirming the true reason behind the symptoms.

How is endometriosis treated?

  1. Medications – To make the pain and inflammation less severe, the healthcare provider will suggest some prescription or non-prescription (OTC)nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). A combination of medications and hormonal therapy will be suggested to those, who are facing issues with fertility.
  2. Hormonal therapy – The pain and menstrual cramps get intensified due to the fluctuations in the hormones that trigger menstruation. With this therapy, the levels of such hormones can be decreased in the body and consequently, the pain and cramps will be alleviated.
  3. Surgery – When there is no improvement despite trying other techniques for treatment, the healthcare provider will suggest surgery. Two types of surgeries can be suggested, the first is a conservative surgery, which keeps the uterus and ovaries intact, another one is a hysterectomy, which involves the removal of the uterus.
  4. Fertility treatment – With this treatment, the eggs(ovum) of the individuals can be preserved for future use. They can be later implanted inside the uterus after fertilizing them externally with sperm, this can be achieved withthe in-vitro fertilization technique.

What Is Endometriosis?

Endometriosis is a disorder related to the female sexual organs that occurs due to the abnormal growth of the tissues, which form the linings of the uterus. This condition can affect the tissues of the reproductive organs, which include – fallopian tubes, ovaries, and uterus. It gives rise to symptoms such as intense pain and inflammation in the pelvis. 

It is manageable with the help of treatment and home remedies. The pain and inflammation alleviate and the condition does not progress with timely treatment. Individuals might develop pain in the pelvis, and they might try to ignore it, but the pain might worsen, which is why, it is necessary to seek medical attention when you have been experiencing pain in your pelvis.

The symptoms of endometriosis may coincide with other sexual disorders. To find the root cause of pain your doctor will order some test reports, which will be the confirmatory test for endometriosis. Once these reports are generated and it is confirmed that you have endometriosis, your doctor will begin your treatment.

Causes of endometriosis

This is a disorder that causes the abnormal growth of the tissues that are similar to the tissues that form the lining of the uterine walls, known as the endometrium. The tissue grows rapidly and spreads outside the uterus to occupy more space, thereby affecting the other organs such as ovaries and fallopian tubes.

The tissues that are disguised as endometrial tissues form thick linings in the uterus. These linings break down and get eliminated from the body through menstrual periods. These mucus walls thus formed can accumulate and fail to get out from the body. As a result, the mucus gets trapped inside which leads to the formation of cysts, fibrosis, scar tissues, and other problems. 

Symptoms of endometriosis

  • Pain during menstruation – Menstrual pain or cramping during endometriosis is known as dysmenorrhea. Due to the shedding of the endometrial-like tissues along with the period blood, the individual may feel intense pain in their pelvis, lower back, and abdominal region a few days before and after their menstrual cycle.
  • Excessive bleeding – This condition can lead to bleeding between periods, known as intermenstrual bleeding. Along with heavy bleeding, the individual also experiences pain in their pelvis.
  • Pain during bowel movements or urination – As the waste product moves from the intestines, it can apply some pressure on the reproductive organs, which can lead to pain.
  • Pain during sexual intercourse – Penetration can lead to the irritation and stretching of the affected tissues, which be very painful during such a condition.
  • Infertility – Issues with infertility may arise, as the abnormal tissues form a thick wall that prevents the egg from implanting in the uterine wall. This condition makes conception very difficult and as a result, issues with fertility arise.

Endometriosis and infertility

The affected tissues act just like the endometrial tissues of uterine linings and enter and get deposited in the other organs such as fallopian tubes, pelvis, ovaries, and even intestines. This unusual growth of tissues can impact the fertilized egg’s ability to get implanted in the walls of the uterus, which makes pregnancy difficult. As a result, thick walls of abnormal tissues are formed inside the uterus, which affects the fertilized egg’s ability to get implanted in the uterine wall, and this is how it causes fertility issues in such individuals.

Diagnosis of endometriosis

Diagnostic evaluation tests are a prerequisite for the treatment. They determine the degree of damage and the severity of the condition. The doctor will suggest several types of tests, which include:

  • Pelvic examination – This is done manually. The doctor will check the pelvis by applying gentle pressure with their fingers.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan.

Endometriosis treatment

  1. Medications – To alleviate the pain, the doctor will recommend prescription or non-prescription medications. Generally, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are prescribed for reducing endometriosis pain.
  2. Hormonal therapy – The endometriosis pain can be reduced by decreasing the levels of hormones that cause menstrual periods. This therapy can put a halt to menstrual periods temporarily, which helps reduce the pain.
  3. Surgery –When the condition has become severe and no other treatments are working, then surgery will be the only option.

When to see the doctor?

In case you are experiencing the symptoms related to endometriosis then you must see a gynecologist immediately. If the condition is left untreated, the symptoms might worsen due to the progression of the condition. Endometriosis is a manageable condition, which can be achieved with the help of medications or in some cases the doctor may suggest surgery. Do not try to manage these symptoms with some home remedies, as home remedies without proper treatment will not prevent the progression of the condition and worsening of the symptoms.

 

What Causes Endometriosis?

The exact cause of endometriosis is not known yet, but it results because of the abnormal growth of the tissues that are similar to the tissues that are present in the linings of the uterus. Endometrial tissues form the walls of the uterus, but some tissues act like endometrial tissues and start unusually growing and developing inside the uterus. They spread to other parts of the reproductive organs. 

The endometrial-like tissues grow in the wrong places, that is, the places other than the uterus, which are fallopian tubes, ovaries, and intestines.It gives rise to pain and inflammation in the pelvis, and pain intensifies when the female is menstruating. The pain is a result of increased inflammation.

The condition affects the reproductive organs due to the implantation of the endometrial-like tissues. As these tissues grow inside the uterus, they can cause fibrosis, cysts, and the formation of scar tissues. The person will develop the following symptoms:

  • Pain during menstruation – The intense pelvic pain and cramps are linked to endometriosis. One can differentiate between the usual pain (dysmenorrhea) and endometriosis, as it is far worse in the case of endometriosis. The cramps will also be more severe than the usual ones that are experienced during menstruating.
  • Excessive bleeding – The condition leads to the accumulation of a thick wall of endometrial implants in the uterus. These tissues will shed along with the blood during menstruation. The shedding causes severe pain and cramps. Also, the bleeding can happen even when the female is not menstruating. The chances of intermenstrual bleeding are also there, which causes bleeding in between periods.
  • Pain during bowel movements or urination – The condition can cause painful bowel movements. It happens as the lesions apply pressure on the rectum, which is a place where the endometrial tissues can get implanted. This can also cause bloating, constipation, and flatulence.
  • Pain during sexual penetration – Endometriosis can lead to sexual abstinence, as it causes pain during sexual intercourse. The pain is a result of irritation and stretching of the affected tissues.
  • Fertility problems – Individuals diagnosed with endometriosis face issues regarding their fertility. They find it difficult to conceive despite trying for too long. This happens because the endometrial tissuesprevent the implantation of the fertilized egg, and also stop the sperm from meeting the egg (ovum).

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, you must immediately consult a gynecologist. They will suggest a diagnostic test for the evaluation of your condition, and if it is confirmed that you are having endometriosis then they will suggest the right treatment.

Can endometriosis be prevented?

The condition occurs because of the abnormal growth of the endometrial-like tissues inside the uterus and nearby organs. The growth of the tissues cannot be stopped, and therefore, one cannot prevent endometriosis. Also, it cannot be cured completely. The only way to deal with the condition is to manage it with treatment.

Besides, the factor responsible for leading to such a condition can be genetics. If the person has close relatives who are affected by this condition, then their chances of developing a condition like this are high. According to the Cleveland Clinic website, one cannot prevent endometriosis, but its risk can be reduced in the following ways:

  • Pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Keeping a healthy body weight.

Confirmatory tests for endometriosis

The symptoms of endometriosis are quite similar to other disorders that are linked to the reproductive organs in females. This is why, a confirmatory test will make it clear whether the person is experiencing the symptoms of any other disorder or it is endometriosis. The tests that confirm the person has endometriosis are given below:

  • Ultrasound – This test produces clear images of the reproductive organs and helps determine the degree of damage to the organs.
  • Laparoscopy – This technique involves an invasive method, that is performed by making small incisions below the belly button to insert a slender instrument, known as a laparoscope inside the pelvis to identify the disorder.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan – This technique generates 3D images of the pelvic organs, and helps in determining the cause of symptoms. It also detects cysts, fibrosis, and scar tissues.

Medications for suppressing endometriosis

Your healthcare provider will prescribe some medications that will be helpful in alleviating the pain and cramps and preventing the progression of the condition. The methods used to suppress endometriosis are given below:

  • Contraceptive options – Oral contraceptive pills, vaginal rings, injections or shots, patches, and hormonal pills are the effective methods to halt menstrual periods.
  • Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) drugs – These drugs prevent menstrual periods by decreasing the levels of hormones that are responsible for triggering menstruation. As a result, the endometriosis symptoms will be suppressed.
  • Surgery – To get relief from the condition, surgery can be an option. Two types of surgeries can be performed – conservative and hysterectomy.

 

Where Is Endometriosis Pain Felt?

Individuals diagnosed with endometriosis experience intense pain in their pelvis, abdomen, and in their lower back region. The pain becomes severe during the menstrual period, as the shedding of the endometrial-like tissues happens. The abnormal tissues act like the endometrial tissues of the uterusand affect the reproductive organs causing their implantation.

The menstrual periods will be very painful and the cramps felt will be very severe in those affected by a condition like endometriosis. This happens because of the implantation of affected tissues of the uterus in the uterine walls. These implants can also enter inside the fallopian tubes and reach the ovaries, thereby affecting these both too.

The periods will cause excessive bleeding because of the shedding of the endometrial-like implants along with the menstrual mucus and blood. Such people will also feel severe pain and discomfort during bowel movements and while having sexual intercourse. This happens because such activities put pressure on affected tissues, which causes their irritation, and ultimately leads to pain.

Effective remedies for endometriosis pain

To effectively manage the symptoms of endometriosis, one can try some home remedies along with professional medical treatment. Some remedies to try are given below:

  • Warm bath– Such baths can be extremely relieving for individuals diagnosed withendometriosis. The warmth will have very therapeutic effects on the pain and inflammation. The pain and cramps will be alleviated to a greater degree.
  • Heat pad therapy – Using a heat pad for pain relief will be very beneficial. The pad must be placed on the pelvis for some time. The heat therapy will numb the sensation and this is how the pain and cramps will decrease.
  • Try yoga and meditation – Yoga is an effective practicethat is a combination of postures and deep mindful meditative exercise. It is highly beneficial for people having endometriosis. Some postures can be beneficial for strengthening the pelvic muscles, which will reduce the endometriosis pain.
  • Perform light exercises – Doing some light exercises regularly will reduce pelvis pain and also relieve stress and anxiety. Stress can make the symptoms of endometriosisworse, so, to get rid of it some simple exercises such as brisk walking, jogging, cycling, swimming, dancing, etc., can prove to be highly effective. Such exercises releasemood-boosting hormones, which are known as “feel good” hormones that lower stress and anxiety levels.
  • Eat healthy – Being mindful of your eating habits is necessary. Eating kinds of foods that are unhealthy and offer no nutrition to your body will make the condition even worse. You must stop consumingjunk and processed foods. Such foods usually have lots of sugars, unhealthy fats, and refined ingredients, which canhave a negative impact on your health. Your diet must be rich in plenty of leafy greens, vegetables, fresh fruits, nuts, seeds, and whole grains.
  • Drink green tea – According to some studies, green tea has anti-inflammatory properties, which can reduce endometriosis pain and provide great relief from muscle cramps. Besides, drinking it regularly will also be helpful in slowing down the progression of endometrial tissue damage.
  • Sip lemon water – Lemon water can alleviate the symptoms of endometriosis and provide relief from its side effects such as indigestion, constipation, diarrhea, irritable bowel, nausea, and so forth. It is an excellent remedy against endometriosis pain.
  • Take enough rest –Poor sleep quality can exacerbate the endometriosis symptoms. Going to bed at the same time every day will help you fall asleep at the same time automatically. Adequate resting is necessary, as sleep is a restorative activity that relaxes your entire body and speeds up the healing process. Resting profoundly impacts your mind and body.

Professional treatment

The pain in the abdomen, pelvis, and lower back can be managed very well with the help of medications. Your healthcare provider will suggest a combination of medications to alleviate the pain and cramps and slow down the progression of the condition. The following types of treatments are generally prescribed by the healthcare providers:

  1. Medications – The severity of the pain and cramps can be effectively reduced with some prescription or non-prescription (OTC)nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Your healthcare provider might suggest a combination of these medications and hormonal therapy to manage the endometriosis pain and cramps more efficiently.
    Besides, some agonist and antagonist drugs can also be helpful for alleviating endometriosis pain and discomfort. They work by reducing the levels of hormones in the body that stimulate the release of egg (ovum) and cause menstruation.
  2. Hormonal therapy – The changes in the level of hormones that trigger menstruation can contribute to intense pain and cramping. With hormonal therapy, these symptoms can be effectively managed.
  3. Surgery –If no other treatment or remedy is giving you results, and the condition is worsening, then your healthcare provider will suggest surgery. There are two types of surgeries, the first one is conservative surgery, wherein the uterus and ovaries are not affected, and the other one is a hysterectomy, in which the uterus is removed to get rid of endometriosis.

The Ultimate Guide To Delayed Ejaculation Pills

Delayed ejaculation, also known as male orgasmic disorder, is a sexual health concern that affects a significant number of men worldwide. This condition is characterized by the inability to achieve orgasm and ejaculate within a reasonable timeframe during sexual activity. For those seeking a solution, delayed ejaculation pills have emerged as a potential option. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the world of delayed ejaculation pills, discussing their mechanisms, potential benefits, considerations, and more.

Understanding Delayed Ejaculation

Delayed ejaculation can have various underlying causes, including psychological factors, medical conditions, medications, and lifestyle influences. Psychological factors such as anxiety, stress, relationship issues, and performance anxiety can contribute to this condition. On the other hand, medical conditions like diabetes, nerve damage, and hormonal imbalances may also play a role. Additionally, certain medications, such as antidepressants, can lead to delayed ejaculation as a side effect.

Delayed Ejaculation Pills: An Overview

Delayed ejaculation pills are designed to address the physiological and psychological factors that contribute to the condition. These pills often contain a combination of natural ingredients, vitamins, and minerals that aim to enhance sexual function and reduce the time required for ejaculation. It’s important to note that the effectiveness of these pills can vary widely, and their use should be discussed with a healthcare professional.

Mechanisms Of Delayed Ejaculation Pills

Delayed ejaculation pills typically work by targeting multiple aspects of sexual function, including:

  • Enhancing Blood Flow: Some ingredients in these pills, such as L-arginine, can help improve blood flow to the genital area, which may contribute to better sexual responsiveness.
  • Boosting Testosterone: Testosterone plays a crucial role in sexual function. Certain ingredients in these pills, such as zinc and vitamin D, can support healthy testosterone levels.
  • Anxiety and Stress Reduction: Ingredients like ashwagandha and L-theanine may help alleviate anxiety and stress, which can be contributing factors to delayed ejaculation.
  • Neurotransmitter Regulation: Some delayed ejaculation pills contain ingredients that support the balance of neurotransmitters like serotonin and dopamine, which are essential for sexual pleasure and orgasm.

Benefits Of Delayed Ejaculation Pills

  • Improved Sexual Function: These pills aim to enhance sexual function, potentially leading to a reduction in the time it takes to reach orgasm.
  • Increased Confidence: Successfully managing delayed ejaculation can boost a person’s self-confidence and reduce performance-related anxiety.
  • Enhanced Intimacy: By addressing the challenges of delayed ejaculation, individuals and couples may experience a deeper level of intimacy and connection.

Considerations And Precautions

While delayed ejaculation pills may offer benefits, there are several important considerations to keep in mind:

  • Consult a Healthcare Professional: Before starting any new supplement regimen, it’s crucial to consult a healthcare provider, especially if you have underlying medical conditions or are taking medications.
  • Individual Variability: The effectiveness of these pills can vary from person to person due to the unique combination of factors contributing to delayed ejaculation.
  • Potential Side Effects: Natural ingredients can still cause side effects or interact with other medications. It’s important to be aware of potential adverse reactions.
  • Holistic Approach: Addressing delayed ejaculation may require a holistic approach that includes psychological counseling, lifestyle changes, and communication with your partner.

Potential Risks And Future Directions

While delayed ejaculation pills hold promise, individuals considering their use should be aware of potential risks. Some natural ingredients can cause allergic reactions or interact with medications, emphasizing the importance of informed decision-making and consultation with a healthcare professional. Additionally, relying solely on pills might not address the root causes of delayed ejaculation, such as psychological factors or relationship dynamics.

In the future, continued research and advancements in the field of sexual health may lead to more targeted and effective solutions for delayed ejaculation. This could include the development of medications specifically designed to address the underlying causes of the condition, as well as innovative therapies that combine medical interventions with psychological and behavioral approaches.

Conclusion

Delayed ejaculation can be a frustrating and distressing condition for many men, affecting their sexual satisfaction and overall well-being. Delayed ejaculation pills offer a potential avenue for managing this condition by addressing both physiological and psychological factors. However, it’s important to approach their use with caution, consulting a healthcare professional and considering a comprehensive approach that includes lifestyle changes and open communication with one’s partner. Ultimately, the journey toward managing delayed ejaculation is a personal one, and the path to a satisfying sexual experience may involve a combination of strategies tailored to individual needs.

 

What Is An Overactive Bladder

Overactive bladder (OAB) is a condition that is characterized by involuntary bladder contractions. People having this condition develop frequent urges or need to urinate suddenly. These urges may occur especially during the nighttime. This uncontrollable need to urinate is not a disease or some illness, instead, it could be a symptom of some health issues.   

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How Common Is OCD

According to the estimations made by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), 1.2% of adults are affected by OCD in the United States. Which makes OCD a relatively common mental health disorder. As per the World Health Organization (WHO), approximately 1% of the world population has OCD. Some statistical data on various platforms also reveals that a condition like OCD is prevalent in 1 in 100 adults, while in children, it is 1 in 200.  

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What Is The Root Cause Of OCD

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is generally a root cause of some chemical imbalances happening in the brain. These chemicals are the neurotransmitters that are messengers the body cannot function without.  
OCD is a type of neurological disorder that may occur due to factors such as impaired brain function or brain abnormalities, ongoing stress, anxiety disorder, genetics, and environment. Spanning a lifetime, OCD is a chronic disorder, and its symptoms might keep disappearing and reappearing intermittently. 

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How To Treat OCD On Your Own

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder, which makes a person get trapped in repetitive behaviors due to uncontrollable obsessions. They may become obsessed over some thoughts that reinforce them to repeat some compulsive behaviors. Moreover, These obsessions can be in the form of thoughts, images, or urges that compel them to take some action. If they resist repeating behaviors, it can cause great anxiety.    

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How To Treat Osteoporosis

Generally, a condition like osteoporosis cannot be cured but its progression can be slowed down with the help of appropriate treatment and lifestyle habits. Medications can counter rapid bone loss and help in strengthening the existing bone tissues. Seeking treatment at the right time will reduce the risk of fractures due to bone loss.    

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How Is Malaria Treated

A life-threatening disease like malaria is treatable. It can be cured with the help of antimalarial drugs. The healthcare provider will prescribe antimalarial drugs based on the type of parasites that has caused the infection. Other factors such as age, severity, and general health are also taken into consideration while prescribing an appropriate medicine and suitable dose for treating the infection.  

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How Many People Die From Malaria Each Year

According to the World health organization (WHO) estimation, in the year 2021, there were around 247 million cases of malaria recorded worldwide. In the same year, the death toll due to malaria stood up to 619000. The reports further revealed that almost half of the world’s population was susceptible to malaria in that particular year.   

The most affected was the African region, since, out of 247 million malaria cases recorded globally, 95% were solely from this region. While the death toll in this region stood up to a whopping 96% of worldwide malarial deaths, it is estimated that 80% of them were children below 5 years of age.  

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