About Cardiac Disease
According to reports published by Centers for disease Control and Prevention, in America death reported by the heart diseases is about 610,000 every year, nearly 735,000 people suffer from heart attack every year. In 2007 trusted source revealed that over 299,578 women death was caused due to Heart Diseases. 2009 report says that more than half of the population among the men caused death due to heart problems. American Heart Association published in a recent report “Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics-Update” in 2019 shows that high blood pressure is the main cause behind the Americans’ heart disease.
When your heart shows some issues in beating, pumping blood into the body parts, valves problem, or any infection might lead to Cardiovascular or Cardiac Disease. According to conditions heart diseases are bifurcated in different categories. The most common type is Coronary Heart Disease that causes heart attack. High blood pressure, diabetes, or high level of cholesterol can increase your risk of Cardiac Diseases.
Causes of Cardiac Disease
Heart Disease is caused due to different heart or blood vessels functioning. But, atherosclerosis is the common and main cause of heart disease. Atherosclerosis is deposition of fatty plaques in the arteries, which thickens and stiffens walls of artery due to which blood flow is inhibited to organs and tissues. It is caused by some common reasons like unhealthy diet, lack of exercise, smoking, and obesity.
Some common causes of Cardiovascular Disease include, coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, smoking, excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages, drug abuse, stress, depression, dietary supplements, infections caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites, rheumatic fever, and damaged valves.
Diagnosis of Cardiac Disease
Diagnosis of the heart disease clearly depends on what type of problem you are struggling with. First step is to perform blood tests and chest X-ray. Inform the doctor about your personal and family medical history. To draw a conclusion you need to go through some tests as given below:
- Cardiac Catheterization: To check abnormalities of blood flow through blood vessels, valves, and heart
- Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging i.e. MRI: To evaluate condition of the heart
- Stress Test: To check response of your heart during different situations
- Echocardiogram i.e. ECG: To detect your irregular heart rhythm and structure
- Holter Monitoring: To detect irregular heartbeats, which are missed by ECG
- Cardiac Computerized Tomography (CT) Scan: To check heart problems by clicking images of the organ
Symptoms of Cardiac Disease
Heart Disease can be caused by different health issues, or inborn heart defects, or heart related problems. The symptoms are also different for different condition like defects in valves of heart, heartbeats problem, weak heart muscle, etc.
Symptoms of heart disease can be different for men and women such as, chest pain more likely occurs in men; shortness of breath, nausea, discomfort in chest, and extreme fatigue in women. Besides these, common symptoms like chest tightness, angina, chest pressure, pain, numbness, weakness or coldness in legs or arms, pain in neck, jaw, throat, upper, abdomen or back can occur.
When you have irregular heartbeats, that condition is called as heart arrhythmias. Your abnormal heartbeat can show some symptoms like racing your heartbeat, chest pain or discomfort, lightheadedness, dizziness, fainting, shortness of breath, and fluttering your chest.
When you have some serious congenital heart defects it usually occurs immediately after birth and shows symptoms like, pale gray or blue skin, swelling in legs, abdomen or around eyes, infant might have shortness of breath while feeding, and leading less weight gain.
If you have weak heart muscle i.e. dilated cardiomyopathy, you might also have Cardiovascular Condition. You may experience symptoms such as, fatigue, swelling of legs, ankles or feet, irregular heartbeats, rapid, pounding or fluttering, dizziness, drowsiness, lightheadedness, fainting, and breathlessness.
Endocardium is the inner membrane between the chambers and valves of the heart and Endocarditis is an infection to this membrane. Due to this infection you might affected with the heart related problem. This type of Heart Disease shows some symptoms like, unusual spots on skin, rashes on skin, irregular heart rhythm, consistent or dry cough, breathing problems, weakness or fatigue, and swelling especially of legs or abdomen.
Treatment for Heart Disease
Amiodarone Hydrochloride is the active ingredient used to treat this condition. Pfizer is the leading pharmaceutical company offers one of the popular medicines, Cordarone. It blocks certain electrical signals in the heart that can cause an irregular heartbeat.
Pfizer pharmaceutical manufactures Eliquis, which is a popular brand medicine to treat this given condition. Apixaban is an active component in this medicine. This is an anticoagulant medication that prevents blood clots from forming in the body.
Dabigatran Etexilate Mesylate is an active component used in the medication Pradaxa to treat this condition effectively. Boehringer Ingelheim is the trusted pharmaceutical company that offers this medicine. It is a thrombin inhibitor that enables the conversion of fibrinogen into fibrin during the coagulation cascade.
Lanoxin is a popular brand medicine used to treat cardiac problems. It has composed of active component Digoxin. Concordia pharmaceutical, one of the renowned companies has been manufacturing this medicine. This medicine is cardiac glycoside active component that acts by slowing the heart rate down and improving the way the ventricles are filled with blood.
Various cardiac conditions can be treated with the active component Flecainide Acetate. This active ingredient is to be used in Tambocor medication. This drug is manufactured by 3M Pharmaceuticals, the trusted pharmaceutical company. It works by restricting the Nav sodium channel in the heart, lowering the speed of the upstroke of the cardiac action potential.
Schering pharmaceutical company has been manufacturing effective medication Mononitrate to treat cardiac conditions. It has composed with Monoket Isosorbide, the main active component. It belongs to the group of medicines called nitrates. This medicine works by relaxing the blood vessels and increasing the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart while reducing its workload.
Corlanor is an effective medication for the treatment of a given condition. Ivabradine is the main active component used in this medicine. Amgen Inc is a leading pharmaceutical company that offers this medication. It is a hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated channel blocker that works by slowing the heart rate so the heart can pump more blood through the body each time it beats.
Eli Lilly is one of the trusted pharmaceutical companies that has been manufacturing Effient drug. This medication blocks platelets from getting together and prevents them from producing harmful blood clots. Prasugrel Hydrochloride is an active ingredient.
Ranolazine is an active component used in the medication Ranexa extended-release tablet. This tablet is manufactured by Gilead Sciences, a trusted pharmaceutical company. This drug decreases the flow of sodium ions into the heart muscle cells.
Betapace is a popular brand medicine used to treat certain heart rhythm disorders, such as atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, ventricular tachycardia, and ventricular fibrillation. It was composed of the active component Sotalol Hydrochloride. Covis pharmaceutical, the fastest growing pharmaceutical company has been manufacturing this drug.
Astra Zeneca is the leading pharmaceutical company that manufactures effective medicinal drug Brilinta. This drug contains the main active component Ticagrelor, which is a blood-thinner that reduces cardiovascular death and heart attack in patients with acute coronary syndromes. It also prevents the formation of new blood clots that maintains blood flow in the body and reduces the risk of another cardiovascular event.