Centers for Disease Control and Prevention i.e. CDC estimated that 8.1% of American adults age 20 or more suffered depression in 2013 to 2016. In America there are six common types of depression are notice. They are named as major depressive disorder, persistent depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, seasonal disorder, postpartum disorder, and psychotic disorder. In America, 25% of the patients diagnosed with depression suffering from a psychotic disorder and around 80% of new mothers face postpartum disorder.
Depression is common as well as a serious mental disorder that negatively affects your feelings, your actions, and your thinking. But, it is treatable. Depression can cause by continuous exposure to abuse, neglect, violence, poverty, and differences in chemicals in the brain. The person feels sad and becomes inactive. Due to an inactive mood, it leads to emotional and physical problems and person losses interest in everyday life. It can interfere in your daily work, relationships, productivity, and mood.
Causes of Depression
There are biological to circumstantial causes of Depression. It mainly affects your mood and behavior. Commonly observed symptoms are as mentioned below:
- Family history of depression: You have more risk of developing Depression if in your family someone had suffered from mood disorders or depression.
- Childhood trauma: If you have faced some traumatic situations in early childhood then you are at higher risk of depression
- Structure of brain: If frontal lobe of your brain is injured or not functioning well then you are at risk of depression.
- Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions such as chronic illness, insomnia, chronic pain, or attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may increase the risk of depression.
- Consumption of drugs: Excessive consumption of drugs or alcohol can impact risk.
There are some factors which affect the risk of developing Depression. They are biochemistry, genetics, personality, and some environmental factors.
Diagnosis of Depression
To diagnose Depression, a psychological test is very important. But, it is not a single test to diagnose this condition. The doctor will evaluate you on the basis of your symptoms.
You might face a questionnaire regarding your mood, appetite, sleeping habits, eating habits, physical activity level, sleep patterns, and thought process. There are some other health problems like thyroid or Vitamin D deficiency show symptoms resemble Depression. So, your doctor will conduct some tests to check it. Depression can lead to serious health issues and complications. Visit the doctor before it gets worse.
Symptoms of Depression
Depression makes a person less active and boring. There are some symptoms observed in person in depression such as mentioned below:
Depressed mood, loss of interest in life, change in sleeping habits like sleep too much or insomnia, feeling always sad, feeling guilty, worthless, difficulty in concentrating things, unable to make decision, suicidal thoughts, loss of energy or increased fatigue, changes in eating habits, sudden weight loss or gain, increased purposeless activities, and slowed movements. Other medical problem can occur like thyroid problem, vitamin deficiency, and brain tumor.
Treatment for Depression
One of the popular brand medicines for the treatment of psychotic disorders like depression is Elavil. This drug is offered by the trusted pharmaceutical company AstraZeneca pharmaceuticals. Amitriptyline is a tricyclic antidepressant that works on the central nervous system to increase the level of certain chemicals in the brain, which improves the depression.
Bausch Health pharmaceutical company manufactures an effective medication Wellbutrin XL. It contains the active component Bupropion Hydrochloride. This component belongs to a class of drugs known as an antidepressant. It increases the activity of natural chemicals in the brain. These chemicals are used by nerves to send messages to each other. This same ingredient is used in the one more brans medicine Zyban. It is manufactured by GSK Pharmaceutical company.
Celexa is a popular brand medicine used to treat depression. This medicine has active ingredient Citalopram Hydrobromide. It can prevent suicidal thoughts/attempts and provide positivity to live life happily. Allergan Pharmaceutical company offers this medicine.
Wyeth Pharma Pharmaceuticals is a well-known pharmaceutical company manufactures medicine like Pristiq. Desvenlafaxine Succinate is the main active component in this medicine. It is a serotonin and norepinephrine that are natural chemicals in the brain help to maintain mental balance. It also restricts the process that breaks down these chemicals.
Sinequan is an effective medicine for the treatment of this condition. The main active component of this medicine is Doxepin Hydrochloride. Roerig Pharmaceutical company offers this medicine that the working of this medicine is not known.
This psychotic condition is been treated with the medication composed of the main active component, Duloxetine. Eli Lily Pharmaceutical company manufactures well-known brand medicine Cymbalta. It is offered in the form of Delayed-Release Capsule. It prevents the reuptake of serotonin and epinephrine by nerves after they have been released.
Lexapro is one of the popular brand medicines available to treat this condition. It is composed of the active component Escitalopram. Allergan Sales LLC is a well-known pharmaceutical company that offers this drug. It affects neurotransmitters in the brain.
Prozac is a very effective medication approved for the treatment of depression. Fluoxetine is the main active component used in this component. This effective medication has been manufactured by the leading pharmaceutical company Eli Lilly. It improves the mood, sleep, appetite, and energy level and may help restore the interest in daily living.
Lamotrigine is an active component used in the drug that treats depression. GSK one of the fastest-growing pharmaceutical companies manufacture Lamictal. It prevents the neurons in the brain from becoming too active. It improves mood swings. This medication is also available in the form of Lamictal ODT.
Lithium Carbonate is an effective component used in the medicine Eskalith. It treats symptoms of depression effectively. The well-known pharmaceutical company GSK manufactures this medicine. It is available in a Controlled-Release form.
Latuda is an atypical antipsychotic drug, which contains Lurasidone Hydrochloride. It blocks the receptors for several neurotransmitters. Sunovion Pharmaceutical is the leading pharmaceutical company that offers this medicine.
Milnacipran Hydrochloride is the main active component used in the medication Savella. Allergan Pharmaceuticals, a trusted pharmaceutical company has been manufacturing this drug. It prevents the reuptake of serotonin and epinephrine by nerves.
Novartis Pharmaceuticals is a well-known pharmaceutical company that manufactures Pamelor medication used in the treatment of depression. It is composed of the main active component Nortriptyline Hydrochloride, which acts on the central nervous system to increase the level of certain chemicals in the brain.
Olanzapine is an active ingredient used in the popular brand medicine Zyprexa for the treatment of depression. It may help to regulate the number of certain chemicals like dopamine and serotonin in the brain to help control the mood.
Paxil is one of the effective medicines available for the treatment of this conditions. Paroxetine Hydrochloride is the main active component in this medication. Apotex Pharmaceuticals is the leading pharmaceutical company that offers this medication. This active component is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor that increases the amount of the hormone serotonin that the body produces and releases in the brain.
Sertraline Hydrochloride is the main active component used in the medications for the treatment of psychotic conditions like depression. Roerig Div Pfizer pharmaceuticals are a well-known manufacturing company that offers drug Zoloft, which contains this active component.
Bristol Myers Squibb the renowned pharmaceutical company manufactures a medication Desyrel for the treatment of depression. Trazodone Hydrochloride is the main active component used in the medication. It is indicated to treat major depressive disorder.
Venlafaxine Hydrochloride is the active ingredient used in the medication to treat symptoms of depression and anxiety. Wyeth Pharma is the fastest growing pharmaceutical company that offers the drug Effexor. It is an antidepressant drug called serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, which increases the levels of substances called serotonin and norepinephrine is present in the brain. It is also offered in the form of an extended-release tablet i.e. Effexor XR.
Viibryd is an effective medication to treat symptoms of depression and anxiety. It has an active ingredient Vilazodone Hydrochloride. This medicine has been manufactured by the trusted pharmaceutical company Allergan Pharmaceuticals.