Active Ingredient: Given medicine contains an active component Glipizide. This active ingredient is a sulfonylurea drug that shows hypoglycemic activity. It metabolized in the liver and the unchanged form is excreted in the urine. It treats type 2 diabetes mellitus. It works as the insulin secretagogue.
Indications: This medicine should be administered with a proper diet and exercise program to control high blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes. It is used to prevent kidney damage, blindness, nerve problems, loss of limbs, and sexual function problems by controlling high glucose levels in the blood. Controlling type 2 diabetes may also decrease the risk of a heart attack or stroke. This sulfonylureas drug Glucotrol XL lowers blood sugar by increasing the production of natural insulin in the body.
Action Mechanism: This particular medicine Glucotrol XL is a member of drugs known as a sulfonylurea. Insulin is a hormone formed in the pancreas that releases into the blood that removes sugar from the blood. It also reduces the formation of glucose by the liver. The glucose levels are high in people with type 2 diabetes because the cells in their bodies are resistant to the glucose-removing effect of the insulin. The pancreas is unable to form insulin, which is necessary to overcome the resistance. It reduces blood glucose by stimulating the pancreas to form more insulin.
Dosages: It is available as an extended-release tablet for oral consumption in dosages as follows:
- 5 mg: This tablet should be taken 30 minutes before breakfast or as advised by the doctor, usually once a day
- 10 mg: It is to be consumed 30 minutes before the first meal of a day as prescribed by the doctor
Due to extremely low or high blood sugar, it may cause blurred vision. Be careful while performing a task that requires alertness or clear vision.