Efavirenz acts as the main active ingredient used in various medicines. It is a synthetic non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor with antiviral activity. It binds directly to the human immunodeficiency virus type 1, an RNA-dependent DNA polymerase. It blocks its function in viral DNA replication. It works by retarding or preventing damage to the immune system and reducing the risk of developing AIDS. It also induces the activity of the cytochrome P450 system, accelerating its own metabolism.
Class of Drugs – A non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor
Molecular Formula – C14H9ClF3NO2
Molecular Weight – 315.67 g/mol
Working: This given active component is an oral medication. It treats infections associated with the human immunodeficiency virus I.e. HIV. This given drug Efavirenz directly inhibits the activity of reverse transcriptase and restricts the production of DNA and new viruses. It does not kill existing HIV virus and it is not a cure for HIV.
Uses: This drug is used with other HIV medications to help control HIV infection. It helps to decrease the amount of HIV in the body so the immune system can work better. This lowers a chance of getting HIV complications like new infections, cancer and improves the quality of life. It belongs to a class of drugs known as non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors. It does not a cure for HIV infection.
Popular Brands and Dosages: A non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor drug Efavirenz is used to treat HIV infection. It is available in a popular brand as mentioned below:
- Sustiva: 50 mg, 200 mg, and 600 mg