Active Ingredient: The active ingredient Stavudine belongs to a group of drugs called nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors. This drug used in combination with other drugs in the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). It is an inhibitor of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase that plays the role of an antimetabolite, an RNA-directed DNA polymerase inhibitor, and an antiviral agent.
Indications: This medicine is indicated to control HIV infection. This helps to reduce the amount of HIV in the body so the immune system can work better. This decreases the risk of getting HIV complications like new infections, cancer and improves the quality of life. Zerit is a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI).
Action Mechanism: This mentioned medication belongs to a group of a reverse transcriptase inhibitor. The HIV virus multiplies within the cells of the body. The newly-formed viruses are released from the cells and spread throughout the body where they infect other cells. This virus must manufacture new DNA for each virus. Reverse transcriptase is the enzyme used by the virus uses to form this new DNA. Zerit used instead of thymidine triphosphate for making DNA, and the stavudine triphosphate interferes with the action of the reverse transcriptase. It does not kill existing HIV virus, and it is not a cure for HIV.
Dosages: This popular brand drug is available in a dosage as given below:
- 40 mg: It should be taken orally every 12 hours with or without food exactly as directed by the doctor
Note: Seek emergency medical help in case a person experiences unusual muscle pain, trouble breathing, stomach pain, dizziness, feeling cold, or feeling very weak or tired.