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Hydrochlorothiazide is a thiazide diuretic drug that acts as the main active ingredient in medicines to treat a condition of excess salt and water in the body. It is useful in the treatment of treat hypertension and edema. It acts by binding to and accumulating in red blood cells. It is basically excreted by the kidneys. The physiologic effect of this drug is by means of Increased Diuresis.

Class of Drugs –Diuretics

Molecular Formula – C7H8ClN3O4S2

Molecular Weight – 297.7 g/mol

Working: The exact working of this medication is not known. The scientists believed that it may work to remove excess salt and water from the body. This process keeps the heart from working as hard to pump blood, which lowers blood pressure and reduces swelling.

Uses: This mentioned medicine is indicated for the treatment of high blood pressure. Lessening high blood pressure helps protect strokes, heart attacks, and kidney problems. The component Hydrochlorothiazide belongs to a class of drugs known as diuretics or water pills. It acts by causing more urine production. This helps the body get rid of extra salt and water.

It is useful to reduce the extra fluid in the body caused by conditions such as heart failure, liver disease, or kidney disease. This medicine can lower the symptoms like shortness of breath or swelling in the ankles or feet. Hydrochlorothiazide is also used to treat fluid retention i.e. edema in people with congestive heart failure, cirrhosis of the liver, or kidney disorders, or edema caused by consuming steroids or estrogen.

Popular Brands and Dosages: This active component is used in popular brand medicine to treat high blood pressure effectively. The medicine is as mentioned below:

  • HydroDiuril: 12.5 mg and 25 mg

It is advisable to avoid becoming overheated or dehydrated during exercise, in hot weather, or by not drinking enough fluids.