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Malaria

Malaria

[ Generic Ingredients for Malaria Treatment ]

About Malaria

In America Plasmodium vivax parasite is the predominant parasite reported 74.1% of Malarial cases. It is caused due to malarial vectors female Anopheles mosquitoes. There are 5 parasites species that can cause malaria in humans but, among these two species, i.e. Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax are the greatest threat. Malaria is an acute febrile illness and considerably at higher risk of contracting in children less than 5 years old, patients with HIV/AIDS, pregnant women, travelers, non-immune migrants, and mobile population. 

Malaria is a disease caused by parasite i.e. infected Anopheles mosquitoes that carry Plasmodium vivax parasite. When mosquito bites, plasmodium gets released into the bloodstream, enters into the liver, gets matured and infects red blood cells. Parasites multiply within 48 to 72 hours and caused cells to burst. Plasmodium vivax is estimated to contribute about 41% of malaria infections. Patients with malaria usually feel very sick, with a high fever and shaking chills. The World Health Organization (WHO) provided that 212 million cases of malaria reported worldwide in 2015, with 429,000 deaths.

Causes of Malaria

Malaria causes through the bite of female Anopheles mosquito. It infects the body with parasite plasmodium vivax. Malaria can only be transmitted through Anopheles mosquito. It enters the bloodstream and multiplies it. The parasite plasmodium develops in the mosquito depends upon factors such as humidity and temperature. The host shows symptoms within 10 to 12 days.  

Diagnosis of Malaria

Early diagnosis & treatment prevents deaths and reduces disease transmission. If you are showing signs and symptoms as mentioned below, you need to undergo diagnosis for malaria immediately. There are some tests that you have to perform to diagnose Malaria.

  • Rapid Diagnostic Test and Parasitological Test

Symptoms of Malaria

According to infection malaria shows different symptoms. The following are some categorized symptoms:

Uncomplicated malaria symptoms: They are last for 6 to 10 hours and recur frequently. Some shear of the parasite might have a longer cycle or cause mixed symptoms. The symptoms of malaria resemble flu and that is progress as cold, hot, and sweating such as, fever, headaches, and vomiting, a sensation of cold with shivering, seizures sometimes occur in younger people with the disease, and sweats, followed by a return to normal temperature, with tiredness.

Sever type of Malaria shows some vital organ dysfunction and symptoms as following: Fever and chills, impaired consciousness, prostration, or adopting a prone position, multiple convulsions, deep breathing and respiratory distress, abnormal bleeding, and signs of anemia, clinical jaundice and evidence of vital organ dysfunction, severe malaria can be fatal without treatment.

The infection of malaria characterized by some symptoms usually occurs in 10 days to 4 weeks. Some parasites are dormant and take months to develop an infection. The symptoms are observed mentioned below. The common symptoms are shaking chills, high fever, sweating, headache, cough, nausea or vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, anemia, muscle pain & fatigue, convulsions, coma, and bloody stools.

Treatment for Malaria

You can take treatment even if you are not showing any symptoms to reduce the risk of transmission of the disease. To treat uncomplicated Malaria, WHO (World Health Organization) advised artemisinin-based combination therapy i.e. ACT. Treatment for Malaria is actually eliminated the parasite i.e. Plasmodium vivax present in the bloodstream of the patient. The anti-malarial medicines are also available to kill the parasite. It also contributes to reducing transmission of Malaria. The best medicinal drug is available to treat Malaria as mentioned below:

Chloroquine Phosphate is a medicine that treats malaria. It kills the malarial parasites i.e. Plasmodium vivax in the red blood cells and also treats infection caused by various parasites like an ameba. A top brand like Aralen use Chloroquine is as an active ingredient to treat Malaria. Chloroquine Phosphate 250 mg is an available dose of the medicine, which is composed as a white round conventional tablet and packed as 10 tablets per blister. Its effectiveness can be seen within two weeks of the treatment. The medicine is suitable for breastfeeding and pregnant women. Overdose of Chloroquine may cause irregular heartbeat, fainting, slow/shallow breathing, uncontrolled movements, seizures, and inability to wake up.