Chloroquine is an antimalarial medicine which has anti-inflammatory, potential chemo sensitization and radio sensitization activities. It inhibits the parasitic enzyme heme polymerase that converts the toxic heme into non-toxic hemozoin. This results in the accumulation of toxic heme within the parasite.
Class of Drugs – Antimalarials
Molecular Formula – C18H26ClN3
Molecular Weight – 319.9 g/mol
Working: The given antimalarial medicine works by killing the bacteria that causes the condition malaria. These bacteria are present in the red blood cells or liver. The medication attacks these bacteria at their sites and kills them.
Uses: The given active component is used in different medications. It is mainly prescribed to prevent or treat malaria caused by mosquito bites. Parasites of Malaria can enter the body through mosquito bites, and then live in body tissues like red blood cells or the liver. This pill kills the malaria parasites living inside red blood cells. This active component Chloroquine belongs to a class of drugs known as antimalarials.
Popular Brands and Dosages: This given antimalarial drug Chloroquine is used as main active ingredient in popular brands. The brand medicine is available in dosages as following:
- Aralen: 250 mg and 500 mg
- Aralen Hydrochloride: 250 mg and 500 mg
- Aralen Phosphate: 250 mg and 500 mg
This antimalarial medication can be given daily or weekly. The prescription should be exactly as provided by the doctor.