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High Cholesterol

High Cholesterol

[ Generic Ingredients for High Cholesterol Treatment ]

About High Cholesterol

Most of the Americans are facing a problem with a High Cholesterol in their blood. According to the sources, nearly 102 million adults i.e. more than 20 years old are reported with a high level of cholesterol. It is given that the level of cholesterol in their blood is or above 200 mg/dL. And among these people, more than 35 million people have cholesterol level at or above 240 mg/dL, which is at high risk for heart disease. Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance carried through blood made in the liver attached to proteins. Your body needs cholesterol, which is produced naturally in your body. But, High Cholesterol in your body can cause serious health problems. Due to a high level of cholesterol in the blood, it causes deposits into the blood vessels. Thus depositions make harder to flow blood from vessels and that can result in the severe heart problems like heart attack, or stroke.

Causes of High Cholesterol

Your lifestyle, behavior, eating habits, and heredity play an important role in the level of cholesterol in your blood.

The combination of cholesterol and proteins is called lipoprotein. There are two types of cholesterol i.e. high-density lipoprotein and low-density lipoprotein.

  • Low-Density Cholesterol: (LDL) it is bad cholesterol. It transports cholesterol throughout your body and builds up in the wall of arteries, makes it hard and narrow
  • High-Density Cholesterol: (HDL) it is good cholesterol. It picks up excess cholesterol and leaves it to the liver again

LDL form in the body naturally. Too much unhealthy food and lack of exercise lead more formation of LDL cholesterol in your body and the condition results in High Cholesterol.

Main culprits for the high cholesterol are lack of physical activity, unhealthy diet, bad eating habits, smoking, consumption of tobacco, and obesity/overweight.

Apart from the above factors, heredity can play an active role in the cause of High Cholesterol in your body.

In some cases, person inherits genes from parents or grandparents that cause high cholesterol, which is called familial hypercholesterolemia. This type of cholesterol can be dangerous and cause premature atherosclerotic heart disease. The intensity of familial hypercholesterolemia depends on the degree and duration of LDL cholesterol in the blood.

Diagnosis of High Cholesterol

To diagnose High cholesterol level in the blood, you need to check your blood. Perform blood test for cholesterol level. That specific blood test called a lipid panel or lipid profile. It gives reports on total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglycerides i.e. type of fats in the blood.  For a better understanding of cholesterol level you can refer to the following data:

Component Level
LDL <1.8 mmol/L
HDL <1.0 mmol/L
Triglyceride <2.0 mmol/L

Note: Do not eat or drink for 9 to 12 hours before a blood test for accurate results.

Symptoms of High Cholesterol

Usually, the condition of High Cholesterol shows no symptoms; therefore it is important to check cholesterol level regularly. There are some rare symptoms occur when you have a high level of cholesterol in your blood as mentioned, chest pain or angina, heart attack, stroke, and pain while walking.

Xanthomas i.e. soft, yellowish lesions or growths on the skin can occur, which indicate cholesterol problem. Having diabetes or overweight can also be a sign of high cholesterol level. Sudden problem with an erection in men might be the sign of a rise in the level of high cholesterol.

Treatment for High Cholesterol

The best to control your cholesterol is your healthy lifestyle, eating habits and daily exercise. Though our physical activity is the important factor for cholesterol control, there are some best medicines that help to lower the bad cholesterol i.e. LDL. Some of the best medicines are mentioned below:

Fenofibrate is a fibrate that lowers bad cholesterol and fats such as LDL, triglycerides i.e. hypertriglyceridemia. It raises good cholesterol in the blood, increases the natural substance i.e. enzymes that break down fats in the blood, decreases the risk of pancreas disease, and lowers triglycerides in case of very high triglyceride blood levels. Top brands like Supralip and Tricor use Fenofibrate as an active ingredient in their medicines. The medicine is available in dosages Fenofibrate 160 mg and Fenofibrate 200 mg and it is composed as pink or yellow, or oval color tablet, which is packed as 10 tablets per blister. Fenofibrate shows effects in 2 months of the treatment. USV Pharmaceuticals manufactures this medicine.

Ezetimibe is a medicine that lowers bad cholesterol in the blood i.e. Hyperlipidemia. This medicine reduces the amount of cholesterol in the body absorbed from food and prevents heart problems such as strokes, heart attacks. Some of the top brands like Ezetrol and Zetia use Ezetimibe as an active ingredient in their products to treat the condition of High Cholesterol. The medicine is composed as a white round conventional tablet and the effectiveness of the medicine can be seen in two weeks of the treatment. The top global pharmaceutical company Sun Pharma manufactures this medicine.

Atorvastatin is a statins drug that decreases the level of bad cholesterol and fats like LDL & triglycerides. 

It treats primary hypercholesterolemia and reduces the amount of cholesterol made by the liver, lowers level of bad cholesterol and raises good cholesterol, which prevents heart attack, stroke and heart diseases. One of the top brands like Lipitor uses Atorvastatin as an active ingredient in their medicines to treat High cholesterol. The medicine is composed as a round conventional tablet and packed as 15 tablets per blister pack. Atorvastatin is made available in the different dosages such as Atorvastatin 10 mg, Atorvastatin 20 mg, Atorvastatin 40 mg, and Atorvastatin 80 mg. Effectiveness of the medicine can be seen in 4 weeks of the treatment. The leading pharmaceuticals company i.e. Intas pharmaceutical company offers this drug.

Gemfibrozil is a fibrate that treats Hypertriglyceridemia that lowers fats, lowers bad cholesterol (LDL) and raises good cholesterol (HDL) in the blood. It increases the amount of fat produced by the liver, or triglycerides in case of high triglyceride blood levels, decreases the risk of pancreas disease. Some of the popular brands like, Lopid use Gemfibrozil as an active ingredient in their products, which are used to treat conditions like High Cholesterol. Gemfibrozil is composed of a white or brown oval conventional tablet and packed as 10 tablets per blister. The medicine shows effectiveness in 3 months of the treatment. The leading pharmaceutical company Pfizer offers this medicine.