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Acetazolamide drug is a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor used as diuretics and in the treatment of glaucoma. This ingredient is a sulfonamide, a member of thiadiazoles and a monocarboxylic acid amide that plays the role of a diuretic, an anticonvulsant, and an EC carbonic anhydrase inhibitor.

Class of Drugs – Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors

Molecular Formula – C4H6N4O3S2

Molecular Weight – 222.3 g/mol

Working: This carbonic anhydrase inhibitor drug Acetazolamide acts in the kidney to promote a reversible reaction that leads to the loss of bicarbonate, which carries with it sodium, water, and potassium. With the loss of water, the urine becomes more alkaline or basic. This nature of the urine causes an increase in the reabsorption of ammonia by the renal tubules.

Uses: Given medication is used to prevent and reduce the symptoms of altitude sickness. It can decrease headaches, tiredness, nausea, dizziness, and shortness of breath.  It is also used with other medicines to treat high pressure inside the eye due to certain types of glaucoma. It reduces the production of fluid inside the eye. It also decreases the buildup of body fluids caused by heart failure or certain medications. It can be used with other medicines to treat a certain type of seizures.

Popular Brands and Dosages: This mentioned active component Acetazolamide is used in various popular brand medicines as given below:

  • Diamox: 250 mg
  • Combigan: 250 g
  • Neptazane: 250 mg
  • Trusopt Eye Drops

It is advisable to drink plenty of fluids unless otherwise directed by the doctor.