What Causes Diabetes

Symptoms of type 1 diabetes can simply start quickly, in a matter of weeks. Symptoms of some type 2 diabetes which might slowly develop over several years can be just so mild that you might not even notice them.

Many people with conditions like type 2 diabetes have no symptoms. On the other hand, some people shall not find out they have the disease until they have diabetes-which is well related to health issues like blurred vision or heart trouble.

What Causes Type 1 Diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes might all lead to issues when the immune system of the body might be about fighting infection, and attacks, and shall also destroy the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas.

Scientists might all think It is also caused because of some of the genes and environmental factors, like viruses, which shall trigger the disease.

Studies might all have some external link that is working to pinpoint causes of type 1 diabetes and possible ways for preventing or slowing down the disease.

What Causes Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes—is the most common form of diabetes.

Overweight, obese, and having physical inactivity

You are more likely for developing type 2 diabetes in case you might not physically active and are overweight or might have a condition like obesity. Extra weight sometimes leads to insulin resistance and is common in people with a condition like type 2 diabetes. The location of body fat might also make several differences. Extra belly fat is linked to insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, and heart and blood vessel disease. For further watching the weight puts you at risk for type 2 diabetes, check out these Body Mass Index (BMI) charts.

Insulin resistance

Type 2 diabetes might all begin with conditions like insulin resistance, which is a condition in the muscle, liver, and fat cells that might not use insulin well. As a result, the body might further need more insulin to help glucose enter the cell.

At first, the pancreas shall make more insulin to keep up with the added demand. Over some time, the pancreas cannot make enough insulin, and blood glucose levels might all rise.

Genes and family history

As in type 1, some of the genes might make you more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. The disease might all tend to run in families and shall occur more often in these racial/ethnic groups:

  • African Americans
  • American Indians
  • Alaska Natives
  • Asian Americans
  • Native Hawaiians
  • Hispanics/Latinos
  • Pacific Islanders

Genes also can enhance the risk of type 2 diabetes because of enhancing a person’s tendency to be overweight or might have conditions like obesity.

What Causes Gestational Diabetes?

Scientists have all believed that gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that develops while pregnancy, because of the hormonal changes of pregnancy with genetic and lifestyle factors.

Insulin resistance

Hormones might produce the placenta NIH external that might link contributing to insulin resistance which shall occur in all women while in late pregnancy.

Most pregnant women might produce enough amount of insulin for overcoming insulin resistance, but some cannot. Gestational diabetes might all occur when the pancreas might make enough amount of insulin.

As with type 2 diabetes, which is extra weight is well linked to gestational diabetes. Women who might eventually overweight or might have obesity might already have insulin resistance when they might be well pregnant. Gaining too much weight while pregnant might also be a factor.

Genes and family history

Having a family history of diabetes might all make it more likely for the woman which shall all develop gestational diabetes that shall suggest which might be about genes that shall play a role.

Genes might also explain why the disorder might occur more often in African Americans, American Indians, Asians, and Hispanics/Latinas.

What Else Can Cause Diabetes?

Genetic mutations NIH external link, some other diseases, which shall damage the pancreas, and certain medications might lead to a condition like diabetes.

Genetic mutations

  • Monogenic diabetes causes mutations, or changes, in a single gene. These alterations might usually pass-through families, but sometimes the gene mutation happens on its own.
  • Most of these gene mutations might lead to diabetes which might be to the pancreas being less able to make insulin. The most common types of monogenic diabetes are neonatal diabetes and maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY).
  • Neonatal diabetes-like conditions might occur in the first 6 months of life. Doctors might all diagnose MODY while in adolescence or early adulthood, but sometimes the disease is not diagnosed until later in life
  • Cystic fibrosis NIH external link might produce thick mucus which shall lead to some scarring in the pancreas. This scarring can further prevent the pancreas from making enough amount of insulin
  • Hemochromatosis leads to the body storing too much iron. If the disease is not well treated, iron can also build up in and damage the pancreas and other organs.

Hormonal diseases

Some of the hormonal diseases might lead to the body producing too much of certain hormones that shall cause insulin resistance and diabetes.

  • Cushing’s syndrome might occur when the body might produce too much cortisol which might be usual and shall lead to “stress hormone”
  • Acromegaly might occur when the body produces too much growth hormone
  • Hyperthyroidism might occur when the thyroid gland might produce too much thyroid hormone

Damage to or removal of the pancreas

Pancreatitis, pancreatic cancer, and trauma can all lead to harm the beta cells or make them less able to produce insulin, which shall eventually result in a diabetes-like condition. If the damaged pancreas is removed, diabetes shall lead to the loss of the beta cells.

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