Active Ingredient: Hydroxyzine is an active component used in the given drug. It is a piperazine derivative with antihistamine, antiemetic, and anxiolytic properties. It is an antihistaminic effect is due to its metabolite, cetirizine, a potent H1 receptor antagonist and selective inhibitor of peripheral H1 receptors. It competes with histamine for binding at H1-receptor sites on the effector cell surface. It helps to suppression of certain subcortical regions of the brain. Secondary to its central anticholinergic actions, hydroxyzine may be effective as an antiemetic.
Indications: This medication is used to treat itching caused by allergies. Atarax is an antihistamine and acts by blocking a certain natural substance that the body makes during an allergic reaction. It may also be used short-term to treat anxiety or to help to feel sleepy before and after surgery.
Action Mechanism: This mentioned medicine reduces activity in the central nervous system. Atarax also acts as an antihistamine that reduces the natural chemical histamine in the body. It produces symptoms of sneezing and runny nose, or hives on the skin. This drug is used as a sedative to treat anxiety and tension. It is also used together with other medications given for anesthesia. It is also used to treat allergic skin reactions such as hives or contact dermatitis.
Dosages: This effective medicine is available in dosages as mentioned below:
- 10 mg: Given medication shall be taken with or without food as directed by the doctor, usually three or four times a day
- 25 mg: It is to be consumed exactly as prescribed by the doctor
- 50 mg: This medicine should be consumed three to four times a day as directed by the doctor
Note: Do not drive or perform activities, which require alertness after consuming this medicine.