Tretinoin is an active ingredient, which is a naturally-occurring acid of retinol. This medication binds to and activates retinoic acid receptors. This is for inducing changes in gene expression that lead to cell differentiation, reduced cell proliferation, and inhibition of tumorigenesis. It inhibits telomerase, resulting in telomere shortening and eventual apoptosis of some tumor cell types. This drug is an important regulator of gene expression during growth and development and in neoplasms. It is derived from maternal vitamin A and is essential for normal growth and embryonic development.
Class of Drugs – Retinoids
Molecular Formula – C20H28O2
Molecular Weight – 300.4 g/mol
Working: Given component is a derivative of vitamin A. This medication is indicated on the skin in the treatment of mild to moderate acne and on the skin that has been damaged by excessive exposure to the sun. Tretinoin irritates the skin and causes the cells of the skin to grow and die more rapidly. It increases the turnover of cells. In people with acne, new cells replace the cells of existing pimples, and the rapid turnover of cells prevents new pimples. This medicine can reduce some wrinkles, areas of darkened skin and rough areas of skin, all of which occur in sun-damaged skin
Uses: This active component is indicated to treat acne. Tretinoin decreases the number and severity of acne pimples and promotes quick healing of pimples that do develop. This active medication belongs to a class of drugs called retinoids that affects the growth of skin cells.
Popular Brands and Dosages: Given retinoid medication is used in a popular brand medicine as follows:
- Vesanoid: 10 mg
Avoid getting medicine in the eyes, mouth, vagina, or in the creases of the nose.