[ Generic Ingredients for Schizophrenia Treatment ]
Schizophrenia is not among common mental conditions occurring in the people but, it can be chronic and serious. 3.2 million People i.e. 1.1% of the total population of America suffering from Schizophrenia. Less than 1% of people across the world diagnosed with this mental condition. According to reports of the recent survey, around 100,000 people of the U.S. diagnosed with Schizophrenia, means 7.2 people per 1000.
Schizophrenia is a kind of mental disorders caused disruptions in emotional responsiveness, thoughts, perceptions, and social behavior. The condition in schizophrenia can be persistent severe and disabling.
Men and women are both equally affected by mental disorder like schizophrenia, but it is observed that men have an earlier onset. With schizophrenia diabetics and heart disease are occurring health issues. People with schizophrenia have less life than normal people. These types of mental disorders are observed across the world equally.
Causes of Schizophrenia
It is believed that a combination of genetics, environment, and brain chemistry contributes to the development of mental disorder like Schizophrenia
Problems with certain naturally occurring brain chemicals, including neurotransmitters called Dopamine, neurotransmitters, and glutamate are naturally occurring brain chemicals cause some problem that results in affection to the function of the brain and Schizophrenia happens. Brain structure and central nervous system show some unusual changes in the people with Schizophrenia.
The exact cause of the Schizophrenia is not known. But, there are some risk factors that seem to develop a risk of causing Schizophrenia. The factors are such as, medical history of the family of schizophrenia, old age, pregnancy issues, birth complications, increased immune system activation due to inflammation or autoimmune diseases, consumption of drugs for mood alter in the young age, genetic factors, environmental factors, and stress.
Diagnosis of Schizophrenia
Precise diagnosis of schizophrenia can be drawn by observing the person’s behavior and some symptoms like bizarre or hyperactive behavior, disorganized speech and behavior, hallucinations, delusions, and catatonic or coma-like daze.
- Psychological evaluation: The doctor will evaluate your psychological behavior to detect changes or abnormal activities
- Complete medical exam: You need to undergo your complete body checkup to diagnose abnormalities in your nervous system. You need to perform some medical tests like a blood test, urine test, CT scan, MRI, etc.
Symptoms of Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia rarely occurs in children and generally shows signs in ages between 16 to 30 years.
The symptoms of schizophrenia can be of three type’s names as: positive, negative, and cognitive.
Positive symptoms: The types of symptoms, which are psychotic behaviors rarely seen in healthy people. They are like delusions, hallucinations, agitated body movements, unusual thoughts or dysfunctional ways of thinking.
Negative symptoms: These types of symptoms are disruptions to normal emotions and behaviors. They are like, difficulty while speaking, reduced expressions, emotions, tone of voice, become inactive, difficulty in sustaining activity, neutral towards pleasure in everyday life.
Cognitive symptoms: There are subtle symptoms of Schizophrenia experienced by some patients. The cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia can be severe for others than patients because patients might be experiencing memory loss or changes in the aspect of thinking. These symptoms are lack of ability to understand information, unable to make decisions, trouble in concentrating, or paying attention, difficulty in learning new things.
Treatment of Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia cannot be cured but conditions can be improved with the help of medication. To treat mental conditions like Schizophrenia, the doctor generally prescribes medications called antipsychotic medicines. There are some best antipsychotic medicines that treat mental disorders. Some of the medicines are mentioned below:
Haloperidol is a medicine that treats certain mental/mood disorders e.g., schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorders, Tourette's syndrome, helps to think more clearly, feel less nervous, prevent suicidal thoughts, reduces aggression, decreases negative thoughts and hallucinations. It restores the balance of certain natural substances in the brain like neurotransmitters and treats severe behavior problems in hyperactive children. Haloperidol is an active ingredient sold under the brand with its name. Haloperidol is composed as an orange round conventional tablet and packed as 10 tablets per blister. The leading pharmaceutical company like Sun Pharma offers this medicine to treat mental disorders like Schizophrenia.
Clozapine is an antipsychotic medication that treats schizophrenia. It reduces the risk of suicidal behavior in people with schizophrenia or similar disorders. A top brand like Clozaril uses Clozapine as an active ingredient. It is composed of a white round conventional tablet and packed as 10 tablets per blister.
Effectiveness of Clozapine can be seen in several weeks after treatment. The medicine is available in different dosages like Clozapine 25 mg, Clozapine 50 mg, and Clozapine 100 mg. This medicine is manufactured by one of the top pharmaceutical company, Sun Pharma.
If you are treating with medicine like Clozapine or Haloperidol, talk to the doctor in case of medical history of a certain severe nervous system problem (severe CNS depression), Parkinson's disease, bipolar disorder, difficulty urinating (for example, due to prostate problems), glaucoma, heart problems (e.g., angina), overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism), seizures, low white blood cell count.
Contact the doctor immediately in case you developed facial/muscle twitching such as tongue thrusting, chewing movements, puffing or puckering of your mouth, or uncontrollable shaking, fever, muscle stiffness/pain/tenderness/weakness, severe tiredness, severe confusion, sweating, fast/irregular heartbeat, dark urine, and signs of kidney problems while treating with this medicines.