Diabetes shall develop when the body might not make enough amount of insulin or use it properly. Insulin is a hormone that shall help to further regulate blood glucose levels, and without a sufficient amount of working correctly, health complications which can take place. Numerous types of diabetes can result from different factors, such as genetics or lifestyle choices.
Diabetes is a condition that shall occur when a person is well unable to regulate their blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels. Typically, the pancreas might all produce a hormone known as insulin which shall allow cells to absorb glucose from the blood. This might further allow the body for using glucose for energy and keep the blood sugar levels within a healthy range.
However, numerous factors can all result in either the pancreas which shall not produce enough insulin, or cells that are unable to use insulin effectively. This can further lead to some glucose accumulating in the blood leading to the development of diabetes.
Certain Risk Factors For Type 2 Diabetes are mentioned below:
Obesity is the single most important risk factor for type 2 diabetes. The more overweight you might be, the more resistant your body is to insulin. To further figure out if you are overweight, talk to the doctor. A healthy, low-fat diet and performing regular exercise can help in losing weight gradually and keep it off
The risk for type 2 diabetes shall enhance with age, especially after you are 45 years old. Although you cannot alter the age, you can work on other risk factors for lowing the risk
You cannot alter the family history, but it is still important for you and your doctor to know in case diabetes might run in the family. Your risk for diabetes is all higher if the mother, father, or sibling might have diabetes. Inform the doctor in case anyone in the family might have diabetes
Gestational diabetes is a kind of diabetes which shall all happens only while pregnant. Although gestational diabetes might all go away after pregnancy, about half of women who might have gestational diabetes are well diagnosed with type 2 diabetes within 15 years. Even in case, they do not have gestational diabetes, women who give birth to babies who weigh 9 pounds or more are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes later in life
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS).
This is a condition that shall occur when an imbalance of hormone levels in a woman’s body might lead to cysts forming on the ovaries. Women who might have conditions like PCOS are at an enhanced risk of developing type 2 diabetes
Smoking And Alcohol.
Alcohol and tobacco use might all enhance the risk of type 2 diabetes. Stop smoking as soon as it is possible. It is probably okay to drink some alcohol with a meal, but one should only have 1 serving each day. Less is even better. A serving is 4 ounces of wine, 12 ounces of beer, or approx. 1.5 ounces of hard liquor.
Can Diabetes Be Prevented Or Well Avoided?
Talk to the doctor about risk factors for diabetes. Although you might not be able to change all of them, you can further make alterations significantly which shall lower the risk.
Exercise and weight control.
Exercising and maintaining a healthy weight can knowingly lower the risk of conditions like diabetes. Any amount of activity is better than none. Try to exercise for about 30 to 60 minutes most days of the week. One must always talk to the doctor before starting a particular exercise program.
A diet high in fat, calories, and cholesterol enhances the risk of diabetes. A poor diet can lead to obesity (which is another risk factor for conditions like diabetes) and other health issues. A healthy diet is high in fiber and low in fat, cholesterol, salt, and sugar. Also, one must remember to watch the portion size. How much you eat is just as important as what you might eat.
Blood sugar level.
The single most important thing one can do well is to control the blood sugar level. One can do this by eating right, exercising, maintaining a healthy weight, and, in case one might need it taking oral medicines or insulin
The diet must include lots of complex carbohydrates (including whole grains), fruits, and vegetables. It is also important to eat at least 3 meals per day and never skip a meal. Eat at about the same time every day
Exercising shall help the body to use insulin and lower the blood sugar level. It might also help to control weight, one shall give you more energy, and is good for the overall health
Maintain a healthy weight.
Losing excess amount of weight and sustaining a healthy body weight shall all help you in 2 ways. First, it can help the insulin shall work better in the body. Second, it shall lower blood pressure and might lower the risk of heart disease
Take the medicine as Prescribed.
If diabetes cannot be controlled well with diet, exercise, and weight control, the doctor might recommend medicine or insulin. Most people who might have type 2 diabetes start with an oral medicine (taken by mouth). Oral medicines can make the body produce more insulin.
The doctor shall test the blood sugar every 3 months with an A1C test. The doctor might further ask you to test the blood sugar on your own throughout the day if you are taking insulin or if they are well adjusting to the medication. You might also need to use a blood glucose monitor to check it on your own. This might all involve pricking the finger for blood and putting a test strip in the blood. Putting the test strip in the monitor might get proper outcomes.