Cytoxan is a popular medicine used in the treatment of various types of cancer. This medication is composed of active ingredient Cyclophosphamide. This effective medicine is manufactured by the well-known pharmaceutical company, Bristol Myers Squibb. This given cancer-treating medicine is composed of the conventional tablet form and available in a dosage of 50 mg.
Manufacturer: Bristol Myers Squibb
Active Ingredient: The main active component of this medicine is Cyclophosphamide, which is a synthetic alkylating agent chemically related to the nitrogen mustards with antineoplastic and immunosuppressive activities. In the liver, this agent is converted to the active metabolites aldophosphamide and phosphoramide mustard, which bind to DNA, thereby inhibiting DNA replication and initiating cell death.
It is a synthetic nitrogen mustard alkylating agent, with antineoplastic and immunosuppressive activities. In the liver, cyclophosphamide is converted to active metabolites including phosphoramide mustard, which binds to and crosslinks DNA and RNA, thereby inhibiting DNA replication and protein synthesis.
Indications: Cyclophosphamide composed of medicine Cytoxan is used to treat various types of cancer. It is a chemotherapy drug that works by slowing or stopping cell growth.
This drug also works by decreasing your immune system's response to various diseases. It is used to treat a certain type of kidney disease in children after other treatments have not worked.
Action Mechanism: Metabolites interfere with malignant cell growth by cross-linking tumor cell DNA; the drug does not have specificity for any phase of the cell cycle; it also has potent immunosuppressive activity. Cyclophosphamide composed drug Cytoxan is an alkylating agent of the nitrogen mustard type. An activated form of cyclophosphamide, phosphoramide mustard, alkylates, or binds, to DNA. Its cytotoxic effect is mainly due to the cross-linking of strands of DNA and RNA and to inhibition of protein synthesis.
Dosages: This Cytoxan medicine is available for oral consumption and in dosage as mentioned below:
- 50 mg: Given the conventional tablet is recommended to consume orally exactly as directed by the doctor
Note: During treatment with given medication, a person must drink more fluids than usual and pass urine frequently to help avoid kidney and bladder side effects.