Active Ingredient: This antibiotics medication is combination of Sulfamethoxazole and Trimethoprim. These antibiotics used to treat various kind of infection caused by bacteria. This combination of active components works by blocking the formation of enzymes. These enzyme leads to stimulation of any bacterial infection.
Indications: The antibiotic medicine Bactrim is a combination of two different antibiotics. This medicine is approved for bacterial infections only. It is prescribed in the conditions like urinary tract infections, acute otitis media, acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis, and travelers’ diarrhea in adults. It can also be used to treat shigellosis and pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia.
Action Mechanism: Both the antibiotics present in the medicine restrict the infection to grow further. The antibiotic fights infectious bacteria in the body. It mainly restricts the growth of bacteria that causes infections. One of the components, Sulfamethoxazole holds back bacterial synthesis of dihydrofolic acid by competing with paraaminobenzoic acid. Trimethoprim works by blocking the tetrahydrofolic acid production from dihydrofolic acid. Bactrim binds and inhibits the required enzyme, dihydrofolate reductase.
Dosages: This antibiotic medicine is available for oral consumption and in dosage as mentioned below:
- Sulfamethoxazole 800 mg + Trimethoprim 160 mg: It is to be consumed with food or milk to avoid stomach upset, as directed by the doctor
Note: The given antibiotic medicine is not suitable for infants below 2 months. The dosages of this medicine should be exactly as mentioned in the prescription by the doctor.
What is Bactrim?
Bactrim contains a combination of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim. Sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim are both antibiotics that treat different types of infection caused by bacteria.
What is Bactrim used for?
Bactrim is used to treat ear infections, urinary tract infections, bronchitis, traveler’s diarrhea, shigellosis, and Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia.
How should be Bactrim consumed?
Drink plenty of fluids to prevent kidney stones while using this medicine. Sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim doses are based on weight in children. Use only the recommended dose when giving this medicine to a child.
Who are restricted from using Bactrim?
Antibiotic medicines can lead to diarrhea, which might be a sign of a new infection. If you have diarrhea that is watery or bloody, inform the doctor before using anti-diarrhea medicine.
What are some common side effects while consuming Bactrim?
Nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite; or mild itching or rashes are some side effects while consuming Bactrim.