Actos is a popular brand medication is used in the treatment of diabetes. It is composed of active component Pioglitazone. This active component is used to control high blood pressure in people with type 2 diabetes. Takeda Pharmaceutical, one of the renowned companies manufactures this medicine. The dosages available are 15 mg, 30 mg, and 45 mg.
Manufacturer: Takeda Pharmaceutical
Active Ingredient: The main active component of the medication is Pioglitazone, which is an orally-active thiazolidinedione with antidiabetic properties and potential antineoplastic activity. It activates peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma, a ligand-activated transcription factor, so as to cell differentiation and inhibiting cell growth and angiogenesis. This agent also modulates the transcription of insulin-responsive genes, inhibits macrophage and monocyte activation, and stimulates adipocyte differentiation.
Indications: Pioglitazone composed medication Actos is a diabetes drug called "glitazones" used along with a proper diet and exercise program to control high blood sugar in patients with type 2 diabetes. It works by helping to restore your body's proper response to insulin, thereby lowering your blood sugar.
Controlling high blood sugar helps prevent kidney damage, blindness, nerve problems, loss of limbs, and sexual function problems. Proper control of diabetes may also lessen your risk of a heart attack or stroke. It is used either alone or in combination with other diabetes medications.
Action Mechanism: Given medicine is a thiazolidinedione antidiabetic agent that depends on the presence of insulin for its mechanism of action. Actos decrease insulin resistance in the periphery and in the liver resulting in increased insulin-dependent glucose disposal and decreased hepatic glucose output.
Dosages: This effective medicine is available for oral consumption and in dosage as mentioned below:
- 15 mg: It shall be taken with or without food as directed by your doctor, usually once a day
- 30 mg: It is to be consumed with or without food exactly as mentioned in the prescription by the doctor
- 45 mg: This tablet shall be taken once a day with or without as advised by the doctor
Note: Stop using this medicine if you have shortness of breath, swelling, or rapid weight gain.