Cortef is a popular brand medication used to treat conditions like arthritis, breathing problems, cancer, or allergies. This medication is composed of active ingredient Hydrocortisone. It is manufactured by the leading pharmaceutical company, Pharmacia & Upjohn. This popular brand medicine is composed of conventional tablet in dosages as 5 mg and 20 mg.
Manufacturer: Pharmacia & Upjohn
Active Ingredient: The main active component in the given medicine is Hydrocortisone. It is a synthetic or semi synthetic analog of natural hydrocortisone hormone formed by the adrenal glands with primary glucocorticoid and minor mineral corticoid effects. It promotes protein catabolism, gluconeogenesis, capillary wall stability, renal excretion of calcium, and suppresses immune and inflammatory responses. It is used in the treatment of inflammation, allergy, collagen diseases, asthma, adrenocortical deficiency, shock, and some neoplastic conditions.
Indications: This given medication is a natural substance called corticosteroid hormone made by the adrenal gland. Cortef is used to treat conditions like arthritis, blood/hormone/immune system disorders, skin and eye conditions, breathing problems, cancer, and severe allergies. It lowers the immune system's response to various diseases to reduce symptoms like pain, swelling and allergic-type reactions.
Hydrocortisone is also used to treat low hydrocortisone levels caused by diseases of the adrenal gland like Addison's disease, adrenocortical insufficiency. Corticosteroids are needed in many ways for the body to function well. They are important for salt and water balance and keeping blood pressure normal.
Action Mechanism: This medicine belongs to a class of drugs called glucocorticoids or adrenocorticoids. This drug is a steroid hormone which blocks certain proteins in your body that works to decrease swelling and stop your immune system from reacting to different triggers. Cortef also affects how the body uses and stores carbohydrates, proteins, and fats and how the body balances water and electrolytes.
Dosages: Given medicine is available in dosages are mentioned below:
- 5 mg: This medication shall be taken with food or milk to prevent stomach upset, exactly as directed by the doctor
- 20 mg: It is to be consumed with food or milk as recommended by the doctor
Note: This medicine shall not be used if a person has a fungal infection anywhere in the body.