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High Blood Pressure

High Blood Pressure

[ Generic Ingredients for High Blood Pressure Treatment ]

About High Blood Pressure

The silent killer high blood pressure is found very common in the Americans. Some environmental or genetic factors are responsible for the High Blood Pressure. Besides these increased age, high dietary salt and fat, inactivity, excessive weight, a family history of high blood pressure, low intake of potassium, smoking, and having diabetes are some other factors.

High Blood Pressure also called as hypertension develops without showing any symptoms for years. Still it damages blood vessels. It is blood pressure with consistent reading as consistently 140 over 90, or higher, over a number of weeks.  Blood pressure results from two forces i.e. the one is created by the heart and circulatory system and other one is the force on the arteries. It is the pressure of the blood against the walls of the arteries. It is measured in mm Hg i.e. millimeters of mercury.  

Causes of High Blood Pressure

There are two types of high blood pressure i.e. primary and secondary high blood pressure.

Primary high blood pressure is develops without any symptoms for years.

Secondary high blood pressure develops due to some root causes like kidney problems, thyroid problems, consumption of birth control pills, cold remedies, decongestants, over-the-counter pain relievers and some prescription drugs, obstructive sleep apnea, adrenal gland tumors, and in-born defects (congenital) in blood vessels.

  • Age: In men high blood pressure is more common above age 64 but in women it develops after 65
  • Stress: Stress can increase in blood pressure temporarily
  • Family history: High blood pressure tends to run in families
  • Physically inactive: People who are inactive tend to have higher heart rates
  • Consumption tobacco and alcohol: Smoking or chewing tobacco or drinking excess alcohol immediately raises your blood pressure
  • Higher amount of salt (sodium) in diet: Too much sodium in your diet can cause your body to retain fluid, which increases blood pressure
  • Lower amount of potassium in diet: Lower level of potassium leads to accumulate too much sodium in your blood

Causes of High Blood Pressure

Best and simple way to diagnose a high blood pressure is to measure it by sphygmomanometer. Our blood pressure changes throughout the day. Hence, make sure you check your blood pressure two to three times as recommended by the doctor.

Blood pressure measurements divided into 4 categories:

Readings Result
120/80 Normal blood pressure
120 – 129/80 Elevated blood pressure
130 – 139/80 – 89 Hypertension stage one
140 or above/ 90 or higher Hypertension stage two

Symptoms of High Blood Pressure

Usually high blood pressure has not specific symptoms but some symptoms can be observed like headaches, shortness of breath or nosebleeds.

Treatment for High Blood Pressure

According to your blood pressure readings, there are some useful medications that can be used to control your blood pressure.

Atenolol IP, a beta blocker drug treats hypertension i.e. high blood pressure. It lowers high blood pressure to prevent strokes, heart attacks, and kidney problems and also treats chest pain. Atenolol IP is an active ingredient that blocks an action of natural chemicals in your body like epinephrine, on the heart and blood vessels. Besides this the medicine helps in prevention of migraines and treatment of certain irregular heartbeats. Atenolol IP used as an active ingredient in most of the medicines. The top brand which offers this medicine is Tenormin.

Atenolol is an orange round conventional tablet packed as 14 tablets per strip. It is available in dosages Atenolol 25 mg, Atenolol 50 mg and Atenolol 100 mg. The medicine is manufactured by Abbott Pharmaceuticals.

Atenolol (25mg) + Chlorthalidone (12.5mg) contains two drugs that treat hypertension. Atenolol, a beta blocker, blocks an action of natural chemicals in your body like epinephrine, on the heart and blood vessels and Chlorthalidone, a water pill helps body to get rid of extra salt and water. The medicine is composed as white round conventional tablet and packed as 15 tablets per blister. Atenolol (25mg) + Chlorthalidone (12.5mg) is used as an active ingredient in top brands like Tenoretic.

Atenolol–Chlorthalidone tablet for hypertension is available different dosages such as, tablet 25 mg with Atenolol (25 mg) + Chlorthalidone (12.5 mg), 50 mg with Atenolol (50 mg) + Chlorthalidone (12.5 mg), and 100 mg with Atenolol (100 mg) + Chlorthalidone (25 mg). You can observe effects in 1 or 2 weeks of the treatment.

Bisoprolol is an active ingredient helps to treat high blood pressure. It lowers the risk of heart diseases and kidney problems. The people suffering from breathing problems, kidney or liver diseases, hyperthyroidism, blood circulation problem, mysthenia gravis, and mental disorders should avoid Bisoprolol. This medicinal drug is use as an active ingredient in the top brands like, Zebeta.

Bisoprolol is used as an active ingredient in the Bisoprolol Fumarate tablet. It is one of the best medicines to control high blood pressure. Available dosages are Bisoprolol Fumarate 2.5 mg, Bisoprolol Fumarate 5 mg, and Bisoprolol Fumarate 10 mg. Effectiveness can be seen in few weeks of the treatment. The popular medicine is offered by Merk pharmaceuticals Pvt. Ltd.

Diltiazem treats hypertension. It is a calcium channel blocker prevents chest pain.  You need to consult your doctor in case suffering from kidney disease, liver disease, and heart rhythm problems such as sick sinus syndrome/atrio-ventricular block before consumption of this medicine. The active ingredient Diltiazem, use in top brands like, Cardizem. The medicine is available in the form of tablets with different dosages such as, Diltiazem 30 mg and Diltiazem 60 mg. Tablets are composed as orange round conventional tablets and packed as 10 tablets per blister.  

Enalapril an ACE inhibitor treats high blood pressure. Enalapril treats heart failure and prevents certain heart problem as well as relaxes blood vessels for easy blood flow. Top brands like Vasotec use Enalapril as an active ingredient in their medicines. The medicine is available in dosages such as, Enalapril 2.5 mg, Enalapril 5 mg and Enalapril 10 mg. The leading manufacturer pharmaceutical company Cipla offers this medicine.

Enalapril–Hydrochlorothiazide, a medicine contains 2 medications i.e. Enalapril, an ACE inhibitor relaxes blood vessels for easy blood flow and Hydrochlorothiazide, a water pill removes extra salt and water. Enalapril–Hydrochlorothiazide composed as white or yellow round conventional tablet and packed as 10 tablets per blister. Enalapril–Hydrochlorothiazide is an active ingredient used in similar drugs like, Vasotec. Different dosages are Enalapril–Hydrochlorothiazide 10 mg and Enalapril–Hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg. The medicine is manufactured by Sun Pharma.

Furosemide reduces risk of strokes, heart attacks, and kidney problems. The medicine is a diuretic water pill reduces extra water through urine, decreases the strain on heart and blood vessels, improves symptoms such as trouble breathing and swelling. Furosemide, active ingredient used in similar drugs like, Lasix. Furosemide 40 mg is composed as round conventional tablet and packed as 15 tablets per strip. Sun Pharma, a leading pharmaceutical company offers this medicine to treat hypertension. 

Dihydralazine a vasodilator treats high blood pressure and relaxes blood vessels. Dihydralazine is an active ingredient used in similar drugs like, Hydralazine 25 mg. Hydralazine is available as dark red round conventional tablet and packed as 10 tablets per blister.