Active Ingredient: Topiramate is an active ingredient used in medicines to treat migraine. It prevents and controls seizures or epilepsy. This component also helps to prevent migraine headaches and reduce how often they get them. It will not treat a migraine headache once it occurs. It is an active component, which is a member of drugs called anticonvulsants or antiepileptics drugs.
Indications: Topiramate composed medicine approved to treat a seizure medicine, also called an anticonvulsant. Topamax is indicated to treat seizures in adults and children who are at least 2 years old. This drug can prevent migraine headaches in adults and teenagers. This medicine will only prevent migraine headaches or reduce the number of attacks. It is not recommended to treat a headache that has already begun.
Action Mechanism: Given medication belongs to a group of drugs called sulfamate-substituted monosaccharide anticonvulsants or antiepileptic drugs. The exact mechanism of action of this drug is not known. It is thought that Topamax works on certain chemicals, channels, receptors, and enzymes in the brain to help control seizures and prevent migraines.
Dosages: This medicine is available in dosages as mentioned below:
- 25 mg: It is an oral drug usually taken once a day with or without food as advised by the doctor
- 50 mg: This tablet should be taken once a day as prescribed by the doctor
- 100 mg: This medicine must be consumed once a day as mentioned in the prescription by the doctor
- 200 mg: It is to be consumed once a day exactly as directed by the doctor
Note: This medication can reduce sweating and may cause life-threatening hyperthermia. Avoid becoming overheated or dehydrated.
What is Topamax?
Topamax (topiramate) was originally FDA-approved as a seizure medicine, also called an anticonvulsant. Topiramate is used to treat seizures in adults and children who are at least 2 years old.
What should be told to healthcare provider before taking Topamax?
Before taking Topamax, tell the healthcare provider about all the medical conditions like have or have had depression, mood problems, or suicidal thoughts or behavior, have kidney problems, have kidney stones, or are getting kidney dialysis, have a history of metabolic acidosis, have liver problems, have weak, brittle, or soft bones, have lung or breathing problems, have eye problems.
What should be avoided while taking Topamax?
Do not drink alcohol while taking Topamax. Topamax and alcohol can affect each other, causing side effects such as sleepiness and dizziness. Do not drive a car or operate heavy machinery until know how Topamax affects. Topamax can slow thinking and motor skills, and may affect vision.
How should I take Topamax?
Take Topamax max exactly as prescribed by the doctor. Follow all directions on the prescription label. The doctor may occasionally change the dose. Do not take this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. Topamax can be taken with or without food. Do not crush, chew, or break a Topamax tablet. Swallow the tablet whole.
What other drugs will affect Topamax?
Taking Topamax with other drugs that leads to sleepiness can worsen this effect. Ask the doctor before taking a sleeping pill, opioid pain medication, muscle relaxer, or medicine for anxiety or depression.