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Ethambutol

[ Generic Medicines for Tuberculosis Treatment ]

Ethambutol is an antibiotic that treats bacterial infections like tuberculosis effectively. It has properties of bacteriostatic, antimicrobial and antitubercular. It interferes with the biosynthesis of arabinogalactan, a major polysaccharide of the mycobacterial cell wall. The ingredient actively inhibits the polymerization of cell wall arabinan of arabinogalactan and lipoarabinomannan by restricting the arabinose transferases and induces the accumulation of D-arabinofuranosyl-P-decaprenol, an intermediate in arabinan biosynthesis.

Class of Drugs – A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor

Molecular Formula – C10H24N2O2

Molecular Weight - 204.31 g/mol

Working: This drug acts as an active ingredient in the medication Ethambutol. This active component is used to treat tuberculosis. This is an antibiotic that restricts the growth of bacteria. It treats only bacterial infections. Viral infections like common cold or flu cannot be treated with this medication.

Uses: It is an antibiotic approved for the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis. It must not be used as the sole antituberculous drug. Antituberculous drugs used with this medicine have included cycloserine, ethionamide, pyrazinamide, viomycin, and other drugs.

Popular Brands and Dosages: The given antibiotic medication is approved for the treatment of tuberculosis. It is available in popular brands as follows:

  • Myambutol: 100 mg, 200 mg, 400 mg, 600 mg, 800 mg, and 1000 mg

The pregnant woman should consult before using this medication.