Decadron is an effective medicine to treat conditions like arthritis, blood/hormone/immune system disorders, allergic reactions, and certain skin or eye conditions. It is available in the form of a conventional tablet form. It has the main active ingredient Dexamethasone. Available dosages are 0.5 mg and 4 mg. Two leading pharmaceutical companies, Merck Sharp & Dohme Limited manufactures thus medicine.
Manufacturer: Merck Sharp & Dohme Limited.
Active Ingredient: Given medicine contains Dexamethasone as the main active ingredient. It is a fluorinated steroid substituted by hydroxy groups, a methyl group, and oxo groups. This ingredient is a member of the class of glucocorticoids that plays the role of an adrenergic agent, an antiemetic, an antineoplastic agent, an environmental contaminant, a xenobiotic, an immunosuppressive agent and an anti-inflammatory drug.
Indications: The mentioned medication Decadron is approved for the treatment of conditions like arthritis, blood/hormone/immune system disorders, allergic reactions, certain skin or eye conditions, breathing problems, certain bowel disorders, and certain cancers. This medicine is also used as a test for an adrenal gland disorder i.e. Cushing's syndrome. It helps to decrease the body's natural defensive response and to reduce the symptoms like swelling and allergic-type reactions.
Action Mechanism: The active component of the medicine Dexamethasone is a synthetic i.e. man-made corticosteroid. This type of medicine is a naturally-occurring chemical produced by the adrenal glands. It affects the function of many cells within the body and suppresses the immune system. It can also block inflammation. So, it is used in a wide variety of inflammatory diseases affecting many organs.
Dosages: This mentioned medicine, Decadron belongs to a group of drugs called corticosteroid. It is available for oral administration and in dosages as follows:
- 0.5 mg: This tablet should be taken once a day in the morning with a glass of milk to avoid stomach upset, as prescribed by the doctor
- 4 mg: This tablet should be consumed as with food or milk to avoid stomach upset, exactly as advised by the doctor
Note: Consuming this medicine for long periods can cause eye problems like cataracts or glaucoma. It may also cause damage to the optic nerves, or fungal or viral eye infections. Do not consume this pill longer than prescribed.