Dexamethasone is a corticosteroid Hormone Receptor Agonist. It is a fluorinated steroid substituted by hydroxy groups, a methyl group, and oxo groups. This active component is a synthetic member of the class of glucocorticoids. It plays the role of an adrenergic agent, an antiemetic, an antineoplastic agent, an environmental contaminant, a xenobiotic, an immunosuppressive agent and an anti-inflammatory drug. It is basically a fluorinated steroid and derived from a hydride of a pregnane.
Class of Drugs – Corticosteroid
Molecular Formula – C22H29FO5
Molecular Weight - 392.5 g/mol
Working: Corticosteroid component Dexamethasone used for different treatments. While using for conditions with inflammation, Steroids such as dexamethasone blocks the immune system’s response to inflammation, it prevents tissue damage of the body. While treating adrenal insufficiency, this component replaces the hormones released by the adrenal gland.
Uses: This mentioned active component Dexamethasone is indicated for the treatment of conditions like arthritis, blood/hormone/immune system disorders, allergic reactions, certain skin, and eye conditions, breathing problems, certain bowel disorders, and certain cancers. It is also approved as a test for an adrenal gland disorder i.e. Cushing's syndrome. It is a corticosteroid hormone that reduces the body's natural defensive response and reduces symptoms such as swelling and allergic-type reactions.
Popular Brands and Dosages: Below are popular brand medication composed of the above active component in it.
- Decadron: 0.5 mg and 4 mg
- Prednisone: 0.5 mg and 4 mg
- Cortef: 0.5 mg and 4 mg
- Medrol: 0.5 mg and 4 mg
Do not have immunizations or vaccinations, or skin tests unless directed by the doctor, while treating with this medication.